Skip to Content

Global Drug Enforcement

Practical Investigative Techniques

By Gregory D. Lee

Series Editor: Vernon J. Geberth

CRC Press – 2003 – 440 pages

Series: Practical Aspects of Criminal and Forensic Investigations

Purchasing Options:

  • Add to CartHardback: $119.95
    978-0-8493-1629-6
    October 26th 2003

Description

It's a national epidemic and an international conspiracy. Drugs have infested our society with a vengeance, making the drug enforcement agent a central figure in the war on drugs. International training teams of the U.S. Drug Enforcement Administration (DEA) have traditionally taught the special skills required by all drug agents. Until now, there has never been a book for public consumption devoted strictly to this specialized field of criminal investigation.

Global Drug Enforcement: Practical Investigative Techniques provides basic and advanced methods for conducting modern drug investigations. With coverage of source countries, drug identification, conspiracy investigations, clandestine laboratories, drug intelligence, and money laundering, the book includes the topics that every detective assigned to a drug investigation unit must know. The chapter on drug identification discusses the drugs that all law enforcement officers are likely to encounter including heroin, marijuana, cocaine, methamphetamine, PCP, and the emerging club drugs of Ecstasy, GHB, and Ketamine. A glossary of common terms used in drug enforcement and chapters on the nexus between drugs and terrorism provide additional insight.

Based on the training and experiences of a recently retired Supervisory Special Agent of the DEA who was a former instructor for DEA's Office of Training at the FBI Academy, this book provides domestic and international agencies with a comprehensive reference on contemporary drug enforcement. It greatly expands on many of the topics that DEA employees receive in their training and covers the areas that investigators need to understand in order to conduct safe and effective drug operations.

Reviews

"Drawing on 30 years of experience in law enforcement, Gregory Lee has written a definitive work on criminal drug investigations. … Documentation is airtight. … Citation to other works is solid as well. … This well-presented book … would be an ideal text for students, aspiring investigators, and trainees."

- Security Management Magazine

"Greg Lee has produced the textbook on drug enforcement operations. The book's style is easy to read, and the author's real world experience should put it on the top shelf in every narcotics unit's library. I strongly recommend this book to anyone involved in the field of narcotics enforcement, be they agent, detective, or supervisor."

- Gary Edgington, Special Agent Supervisor, California Department of Justice, and Former CA Bureau of Narcotic Enforcement Agent

"This book is groundbreaking and brings to both the law enforcement officer and the student a single-source text that deals with this topic in the most complete fashion we've seen to date."

- Stanley L. Sniff, Jr., Chief Deputy, Riverside County (CA) Sheriff's Department; Commander of Western Riverside County Field Operations

"Universal in scope, straight-forward in approach, written in terms easily comprehended by both novices and those experienced in police work, domestic or foreign; this text is a credible and valuable primer for introduction to this specialized area of crime and enforcement."

- Mary A. Turner, Chief, International Training, Drug Enforcement Administration (Ret)

Contents

PART I THE FUNDAMENTALS

INTRODUCTION TO DRUG LAW ENFORCEMENT

International In Scope

Interpersonal Relationships

Finance And Banking

Psychology

Communication Skills

Foreign Relations

Other Aspects

Summary

SOURCE COUNTRIES

Colombia

Bolivia And Peru

Mexico

The Golden Triangle

The Golden Crescent

Western Europe

Canada

United States

Summary

DRUG IDENTIFICATION AND USER RECOGNITION

Drug Scheduling

Narcotic Depressants

Heroin and Opiates

History Of Heroin In The United States

Heroin Production

How Heroin Is Used

Physical Effects Of Heroin

Heroin Withdrawal Symptoms

Heroin User Recognition

Cocaine

History Of Cocaine Abuse

Harvest And Yield

Cocaine Extraction

Cocaine Abuse

Paranoia

Psychosis

Cocaine Abuse In The Workplace

Cocaine's Physical Side Effects

Pharmacological Effects And Symptoms Of Cocaine Abuse

"Crack" Cocaine

How Crack Cocaine Is Ingested

Crack Babies

Marijuana

Marijuana Source Countries

In-Door Grows

Hashish

Effects Of Cannabis

Methylenedioxy-N-methylamphetamine (Ecstasy)

GHB

GBL

Ketamine

Methamphetamines

Lysergic Acid Diethylamide (LSD)

Methylphenidate (Ritalin®)

Phencyclidine (PCP)

Steroids

Other Drugs Of Abuse

Summary

CONFIDENTIAL INFORMANTS

Motivational Factors

Restricted Use Informants

Developing Confidential Informants

Supervisor's Role In Informant Management

Protecting The Informant's Identity

Other Considerations

The Informant File

Informant Debriefings

Agent-Informant Contact Procedures

Informant Payments

How To Make A Controlled Purchase Using An Informant

The Seven Steps To Successful Informant Management

Keys To Success In Informant Management

Summary

SOURCES OF INFORMATION

Airline Ticket Agents

Travel Agents

Car Rental Employees

Hotel Registration Clerks

Utility Companies

Telephone Service Providers

Real Estate Agents

Internet Service Providers

Banking Institutions

Taxi Drivers

County Assessor's Office

Credit Bureaus

Express Shipping Companies

Yacht Club Employees

Boat And Yacht Sales Personnel

Flight Service Station Employees

Private Airplane Sales Personnel

Summary

SURVEILLANCE AND COUNTER-SURVEILLANCE

Definition Of Surveillance

Purpose Of Surveillance

Types Of Surveillance

Objectives Of Surveillance

Qualities Of A Surveillance Agent

Categories Of Surveillance

Appearance Of The Surveillance Agent

Other Considerations

Rules Of Surveillance

Fundamentals Of Surveillance

Using Air Support During Surveillance

Surveillance Notes And Reports

Counter-Surveillance

Summary

UNDERCOVER OPERATIONS

Definition Of Undercover

Purpose Of Undercover Operations

Qualifications For Undercover Work

Undercover Agent's Traits

Necessary Preparations For Undercover Operations

The Cover Story

Undercover Identity

Undercover Vehicles

Undercover Documents And Credit Cards

Planning The Undercover Operation

The Written Operational Plan

The Operational Briefing

The Undercover Meeting

Undercover Negotiations

Drug Samples

Use Of Controlled Substances By Undercover Agents

Confidence Buys Or Buy-Walk Operations

Buy-Bust Operations

Post-Buy Debriefings

Proven Techniques And Strategies - Playing Mind Games With The Suspect

The Seven Critical Factors Leading to Undercover Violence

Summary

"FLASH ROLL" MANAGEMENT

Surprise Flashes Vs. Scheduled Flashes

Creating A Controlled Environment

Using A Second Undercover Agent

Use Of An Informant To Display The Money

Seeing Drugs Before Displaying The Money

Flash Roll Preparation

Summary

EVIDENCE COLLECTION AND PRESERVATION

Categories Of Evidence

Collection Of Evidence

Drug Evidence

Chain Of Custody

Field Testing Of Drug Evidence

Non-Drug Evidence

Summary

U.S. SENTENCING GUIDELINES FOR DRUG OFFENSES

Background

Federal Parole Abolished

Longer Prison Sentences

The Sentencing Table

Departures From The Guidelines

Court Ordered Departures

Criticism Of The Guidelines

Evolutionary Process

Summary

RAID PLANNING AND EXECUTION

Raid Planning

Types Of Raids

Site Surveys

Raid Briefing

Raid Execution

Elements Of A Successful Raid

Consciousness Modes

Escalation Of Force

British S.A.S. Six-Man Snake Method

Summary

PART II COMPLEX DRUG INVESTIGATIONS

CONSPIRACY INVESTIGATIONS

Definition Of Conspiracy

Punishment For Conspiracy

Elements Of Proof

Plurality Requirement

The Agreement

Overt Acts

Pinkerton Theory Of Vicarious Liability

Withdrawal From The Conspiracy

Termination Of The Conspiracy

Venue

Duration Of The Conspiracy

Statute Of Limitations

Types Of Conspiracies

Advantages Of Conspiracy Investigations

Disadvantages Of Conspiracy Investigations

Conspiracy Case Development

Coordination With The Prosecutor

Defense Attorney Trial Tactics

Summary

CLANDESTINE LABORATORIES

Specialty Within Drug Law Enforcement

Booby-Traps

Countering Booby-Traps

Recognizing Clan Labs

Chemicals And Products Commonly Found At Clan Lab Sites

Other Clan Lab Indicators

Operational Laboratories

Summary

TRANSPORTATION HUB INTERDICTION OPERATIONS

Courier Profiling

Approaching The Passenger

Other Considerations

Hotel Profiling

Summary

SMUGGLING AND SMUGGLERS

Definition Of Smuggling

Agencies Conducting Smuggling Investigations

Methods Of Smuggling

Methods Of Concealment

Unwitting Accomplices

Swallowers

Smugglers' Profile

Characteristics Of Drug Smuggling Organizations

Drug smuggling case initiation

Methods Of Investigating Smuggling Cases

Summary

CONTROLLED DELIVERIES

Definition Of Controlled Delivery

International CD Scenario

Method Of Delivery

Domestic CDs

Mail Drops

Using A Ruse

Physical Evidence

Summary

DRUG INTELLIGENCE

The Intelligence Analyst

Informant Debriefings

Telephone Subscriber Information

Telephone Toll Analysis

Summary

MONEY LAUNDERING & FINANCIAL INVESTIGATIONS

Definition

Methods Of Investigation

Following The Money

Typical Exchanges Of Money

Money Laundering Methods

Non-Financial Institutions

Underground Banking Networks

Civil Asset Forfeiture Proceedings

Summary

SHARED TRAITS OF DRUG TRAFFICKERS & TERRORISTS

Organizational Structure

Drug And Terrorism Source Countries

Money Laundering

Communications

Training Manuals

Immigration Fraud And False Identity Documents

Smuggling Techniques

Airport Profiling

Human Sources Of Information

Parallel Investigative Techniques

Summary

NEXUS BETWEEN DRUGS AND TERRORISM

Afghanistan

Colombia

Peru

Middle East

Summary

TALKING POINTS AGAINST DRUG LEGALIZATION

Ten Undeniable Facts

A Law Enforcement Officers Approach To The Problem

Where To Go For Additional Help

Resources And Publications

Summary

APPENDIX A. CONTROLLED SUBSTANCE ACT SCHEDULES

APPENDIX B. CONTROLLED SUBSTANCES ALPHABETICALLY

APPENDIX C. U.S. V. SOKOLOW

GLOSSARY OF COMMON TERMS USED IN DRUG LAW ENFORCEMENT

Name: Global Drug Enforcement: Practical Investigative Techniques (eBook)CRC Press 
Description: By Gregory D. LeeSeries Editor: Vernon J. Geberth. It's a national epidemic and an international conspiracy. Drugs have infested our society with a vengeance, making the drug enforcement agent a central figure in the war on drugs. International training teams of the U.S. Drug Enforcement...
Categories: Criminology and Criminal Justice