Geranium and Pelargonium
History of Nomenclature, Usage and Cultivation
Edited by Maria Lis-Balchin
Series Editor: Roland Hardman
CRC Press – 2002 – 348 pages
CRC Press – 2002 – 348 pages
Confusion about the genera Geranium and Pelargonium existed even before Linnaeus' binomial system of classification bundled both into the former category in 1753. Despite later evaluations that separated the two, many practitioners of alternative medicine and aromatherapists, among others, remain unaware of the distinction. Laymen and plant sales personnel are often equally in the dark, as the majority of garden center 'geraniums' are Pelargonium species and cultivars. This work aims to dispel myths and peel away layers of incorrect and muddled information which contribute to the unclear image of the genera.
Geranium and Pelargonium: The Genus Geranium and Pelargonium features discussion and new information on some of the following areas:
* taxonomy and history of usage and nomenclature
* cultivation for essential oil production and retail purposes in different countries
* phytochemistry of the genera
* chemistry of Geranium and Pelargonium oils
* theory and practice of distillation of Geranium and Pelargonium oils
* pharmacology an therapeutic properties of Geranium and Pelargonium oils and extracts
* use of Geranium and Pelargonium products in aromatherapy, perfumery, cosmetics, food processing and medicine
* new research into Geranium and Pelargonium
This book will be of interest to graduate students, scientists and professionals in the Geranium and Pelargonium growing and retail industry, the perfumery, food and cosmetics industries, and to those interested in Geranium and Pelargonium for alternative and conventional medical use.
* Theory and practice of distillation
"This book is excellent for academic libraries that serve horticultural programs and organic chemistry programs."
- E-Streams, Vol. 7, No. 4, April 2004
"Undoubtly, the book serves as a comprehensive source of information focusing on industrial profiles of medicinal plants…Taken as a whole, Geranium and Pelargonium is an excellent resource for the pharmacognosists, phytochemists and phytopharmacologists, as well as other professionals interested in botanical medicine and plant chemistry of these genera."
-Phytomedicine Vol. 11, 2004
General Introduction Section Geranium. History of Nomenclature, Usage and Cultivation of Geranium and Pelargonium Species. The Taxonomy of Geranium Species and Cultivars, their Origins and Growth in the Wild. Phytochemistry of the genus Geranium. Cultivation and Harvesting of Geranium Macrorrhizum and Geranium Sanguineum for Medicinal Use in Bulgaria. Production, Extraction, Distillation and Use. Use of Geranium Species Extracts as Herbal Medicines Section Pelargonium. The Taxonomy of Pelargonium Species and Cultivars, their Origins and Growth in the Wild. Cultivation and Sales of Pelargonium Plants for Ornamental Use in the UK and Worldwide. Growing Pelargoniums in the Garden, Conservatory and for Shows. Phytochemistry of the Genus Pelargonium. Pharmacology of Pelargonium Essential Oils and Extracts in vitro and in vivo. Antimicrobial Properties of Pelargoniums. Essential Oils from Different Pelargonium Species and Cultivars and their Chemical Composition. Chemotaxonomy of Pelargonium based on Alkaloids and Essential Oils. Phylogenetical Relationships within the Genus Pelargonium based on the RAPD-PCR Method of DNA Analysis Correlated with the Essential Oil Composition. Geranium Essential Oil: Standardization, ISO; Adulteration and its Detection Using GC, Enantiomeric Columns and Bioactivity. 'Rose Scented Geranium' A Pelargonium Grown for the Perfume Industry. Cultivation and Distillation of Geranium Oil from Pelargonium Species in India. Micropropagation and Biotechnological Approaches to Tissue Culture of Pelargonium Species and Essential Oils of Scenteds. Geranium Oil and its Use in Aromatherapy. Perfumery and Cosmetic Products Utilizing Geranium Oil. New Research: Possible Uses of Various Pelargonium Leaf Oils and Extracts as Food Preservatives. Pelargonium Reniforme and Pelargonium Sidoides: their Botany, Chemistry, and Medicinal use. Insecticidal effect of Pelargonium Extracts. Correlation of the Chemical Profiles of the Essential Oil of Pelargonium (Geranium oil) and Others Seperatel and in Mixes, with their Relaxant or Stimulant Properties in Man and Smooth Muscle Preparations in vitro.