Big Wars and Small Wars
The British Army and the Lessons of War in the 20th Century
Edited by Hew Strachan
Routledge – 2004 – 200 pages
Series: Military History and Policy
This is a fascinating new insight into the British army and its evolution through both large and small scale conflicts.
To prepare for future wars, armies derive lessons from past wars. However, some armies are defeated because they learnt the wrong lessons, fighting new conflicts in ways appropriate to the last. For the British Army in the twentieth century, the challenge has been particularly great. It has never had the luxury of emerging from one major European war with the time to prepare itself for the next.
The leading military historians show how ongoing commitments to a range of ‘small wars’ have always been part of the Army’s experience. After 1902 and after 1918 they included colonial campaigns, but they also developed into what we would now call counter-insurgency operations, and these became the norm between 1945 and 1969. During the height of the Cold War, in 1982, the Army was deployed to the Falklands. Since 1990 the dominant tasks of the Army have been peace support operations.
This is an excellent resource for all students and scholars of military history, politics and international relations and British history.
Introduction - Hew Strachan
Between the South African War and the First World War, 1902-14 – Edward M. Spiers
Big Wars and Small Wars between the Wars, 1919-39 – David French
Learning new lessons: the British Army and the Strategic Debate, 1945-50 – Paul Cornish
Lost and Found in the Jungle: the Indian and British Army Jungle Warfare Doctrines for Burma, 1943-45, and the Malayan Emergency, 1948-60 – Daniel Marston
Aden to Northern Ireland, 1966-76 – David Benest
The Unchanging Lessons of Battle: the British Army and the Falklands War, 1982 – Simon Ball
The Gulf War 1990-91 – Colin McInnes