Korean: An Essential Grammar
Routledge – 2009 – 272 pages
Series: Routledge Essential Grammars
Korean: An Essential Grammar is a concise and convenient guide to the basic grammatical structure of standard Korean. Presenting a fresh and accessible description of the language, this engaging Grammar uses clear, jargon-free explanations and sets out the complexities of Korean in short, readable sections.
Key features include:
"I think the book serves considerably more than a pedagogical function, and will be a valued descriptive and data resource for anyone who is curious about how this language is organized. It also will be a source of inspiration for graduate students in linguistics, who increasingly are pursuing projects on the structural aspects of Korean… I think this is a fine, careful contribution to the scholarship on Korean, from both linguistic and pedagogical perspectives, and I expect it to rank among the most influential, most accessible English-language expositions on Korean." - Gregory K. Iverson, University of Maryland; The Journal of Asian Studies; Volume 69/3, August 2010
Preface List of Abbreviations and Notations Glossary 0. Introduction Korean and its speakers 1. Writing system 2.1. History 2.2. Inventory 2.3. Romanization 2. Pronunciation 2.1. The Syllable 2.2. Consonants 2.3. Vowels 2.4. Intonation 3. Sentence 3.1. The elements of a simple sentence 3.1.1. Subject 3.1.2. Object 3.1.2. Predicate 3.2. Sentence patterns 3.3. Basic word order 4. Words 4.1. Types of vocabulary 4.2. Expanding words 5. Verbs 5.1. Action verbs 5.2. Descriptive verbs 5.3. Two kinds of ‘be’ 5.4. Making new verbs 5.5. Marking time and aspect 5.6. Honorification 5.6.1. Subject honorification 5.6.2. Addressee honorification 5.6.3. Reference honorification 5.7. Causatives and passives 6. Nouns, pronouns, classifiers, noun phrases 6.1. Proper and common nouns 6.2. Pronouns 6.3. Numerals and numeral classifiers 6.3. Making new nouns 6.4. Making noun phrases 6.5. Noun compounds 6.6. Word order in noun phrases 6.7. Case marking 7. Modifiers 7.1 Adverbs 7.2 Noun modifiers 7.3 Deictics 8. Mimetic words 8.1. Reduplication 8.2. Vowel 9. Negation 9.1. Short-form 9.2. Long-form 10. Expanded sentences 10.1. Compound sentences 10.2. Complex sentences 11. Casual speech 12. Linguistic protocol 12.1. Choosing the appropriate speech form 12.2. Honorific readjustments and politeness strategies 12.3. Language, ideology, and society Glossary of terms with explanations List of particles, suffixes, and sentential endings Further reading
Young-Key Kim-Renaud is Professor of Korean Language and Culture and International Affairs, and Chair of the Department of East Asian Languages and Literatures at the George Washington University in DC.