Psychiatry, Criminology, Responsibility
Translated by Veronique Voruz, Phillip Dravers
Routledge-Cavendish – 2012 – 216 pages
Francesca Biagi-Chai’s book - a translation from the French of Le Cas Landru - tackles the issue of criminal responsibility in the case of serial killers, and other 'mad' people who are nonetheless deemed to be answerable before the law. The author, a Lacanian psychoanalyst and senior psychiatrist in France, with extensive experience working in institutional settings, analyses the logic informing the crimes of famous serial killers. Addressing the Landru case (which was the inspiration for Chaplin's Monsieur Verdoux), as well as those of Pierre Rivière and Donato Bilancia, Biagi-Chai casts light on the confusion that pervades forensic psychiatry and criminal law as to the distinction between mental illness and ‘madness’. She then elaborates the consequences of her argument in a sustained critique of the insanity defence. The book includes a Foreword by the renowned psychoanalyst, Jacques-Alain Miller, and an introduction by the translators on the question of insanity before the law in the US and in the UK, which considers the pertinence of Biagi-Chai’s argument for forensic psychiatry, for criminal law, and for the increasing contemporary focus on the assessment of dangerousness and risk-management strategies in crime control practices.
Foreword Jacques-Alain Miller Introduction: Revisiting the Question of Madness, Véronique Voruz and Suzanne Yang 1. The Enigma of Serial Killers 2. Case Study of a Serial Killer Henri-Désiré Landru 3. Landru and Women: Three Categories Plus One 4. Landru and Men: A World Divided in Two 5. Landru’s Psychosis 6. Further Case-Studies. Conclusion. Criminal Responsibilities
Francesca Biagi-Chai is a Psychiatrist in charge of a day care unit at hospital Paul Guiraud (Paris), psychoanalyst member of the Ecole de la Cause Freudienne and World Association of Psychoanalysis, lecturer at the Clinical Section of the Psychoanalysis Department (Paris 8) and the Istituto Freudiano di Roma
Véronique Voruz is Senior lecturer in Law and Criminology at the University of Leicester. She is also guest lecturer at the École de Criminologie, Université Catholique de Louvain-la-Neuve, psychoanalyst member of the World Association of Psychoanalysis, and joint editor of The Later Lacan: an Introduction (SUNY:2007)
Suzanne Yang is Visiting Instructor in Psychiatry, University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine. Suzanne is a Forensic psychiatrist with a research focus on violence risk assessment in adults and clinical interventions for violence prevention