Introduction; 1. How it all began; 2. Reconstructing Environmental Changes; 3. Climate Reconstruction Based on Fluvial Deposits; 4. A Sedimentary Record of Environmental Change; 5. Ecosystem Change During MIS 4 and early MIS 3; 6. The Potential of Phytoliths to Reflect Past Environmental Conditions; 7. Topographic and Hydrological Control of Gully Erosion Phenomena; 8. Gypsum in Desert Soils, Subsurface Crusts and Host Sediments; 9. New Findings on Palaeoenvironmental Conditions; 10. Palaeoclimate of Ondiri Swamp, Kenya; 11. A Cluster-Analysis-Based Climate Classification for NE Africa; 12. Climate and Palaeoenvironmental Evolution in North Tropical Africa; 13. An Assessment of the Spatial and Temporal Distribution of Natural Hazards in Central Africa.