An Influence Taxonomy of 100 Exceptional Individuals
Routledge – 2013 – 216 pages
Heroic Leadership is a celebration of our greatest heroes, from legends such as Mahatma Gandhi to the legions of unsung heroes who transform our world quietly behind the scenes. The authors argue that all great heroes are also great leaders. The term ‘heroic leadership’ is coined to describe how heroism and leadership are intertwined, and how our most cherished heroes are also our most transforming leaders.
This book offers a new conceptual framework for understanding heroism and heroic leadership, drawing from theories of great leadership and heroic action. Ten categories of heroism are described: Trending Heroes, Transitory Heroes, Transparent Heroes, Transitional Heroes, Tragic Heroes, Transposed Heroes, Transitional Heroes, Traditional Heroes, Transforming Heroes, and Transcendent Heroes. The authors describe the lives of 100 exceptional individuals whose accomplishments place them into one of these ten hero categories. These 100 hero profiles offer supporting evidence for a new integration of theories of leadership and theories of heroism.
A pioneering and insightful examination of the intersection of heroes and leaders by two gifted psychologists. Allison and Goethals’ captivating narrative adds a new dimension to current research on leadership.--- James MacGregor Burns, author of Leadership and Roosevelt: The Lion and the Fox.
“Allison and Goethals’ stimulating and incisive survey of one-hundred influential leaders could not be more cogent or timely. When so many of our leaders seem to have feet of clay and principles that bend with the prevailing breezes,they remind us of those leaders who rose to the occasion and stood firm in their moment of decision. As a result, they and their leadership have stood the test of time. Heroic Leadership offers arefreshingly original and provocativeperspective on what it means to be a great leader. Reading this book not only informs us, it also inspires!My only suggestion would be that weexpand their list to 102—adding their names in appreciation of their heroic scholarly labors!”--Roderick M. Kramer William R. Kimball, Professor of Organizational Behavior, Graduate School of Business, Stanford University
Scott Allison and George Goethals are pioneering scholars exploring the psychology of heroism and leadership, and this book outlines their contention that while all heroes are leaders, the converse is not true. They make their case by offering snapshots of 100 characters, some fictional (e.g., King Lear), some collective (e.g., Chilean miners, Power Rangers), and some surprising (e.g., Lady Gaga, Meryl Streep) who instantiate their taxonomy of heroes. For researchers and lay people alike, this book is packed with fascinating insights into the psychology of leadership, heroism, and mere celebrity. It is a book to be enjoyed by everyone who wonders why some people attract public attention, and others, who may deserve it (e.g., parents, soldiers, teachers) do not. --David Messick, Morris and Alice Kaplan Professor of Ethics and Decision in Management Emeritus, Kellogg School of Management, Northwestern University
Presenting vivid accounts of distinguishable forms of heroism, this is a welcome contribution to understanding heroic aspects of leader-follower relations. It deserves a place as a text, reference source, and feast of revealing narratives. The accounts chosen capture what individuals’ special qualities underlie and activate others' sense of the “heroic,” based on five factors affecting a leader's influence. This yields ten types of heroes that are profiled, from “trending” and “transitory” to “transforming” and “transcendent.” Among those receiving attention in this cavalcade are the “tragic,” (Oedipus, Tiger Woods, Richard Nixon), and many shown as the “moral,” (e.g., The Dalai Lama, Mother Teresa, Rosa Parks). Insightful analyses of individual cases provide an illuminating blend of scientific scrutiny with compelling storytelling.--Edwin P. Hollander, Emeritus, CUNY, Baruch College, and University Graduate Center
In this book, Scott Allison and George Goethals continue their fascinating study of heroes which they began in their earlier book entitled Heroes: What They Do and Why We Need Them. --Jon Howell, Professor Emeritus, New Mexico State University
Series Foreword by Georgia Sorenson & Ronald E. Riggio 1. Introduction 2. Trending Heroes 3. Transitory Heroes 4. Transitional Heroes 5. Tragic Heroes 6. Transposed Heroes 7. Transparent Heroes 8. Traditional Heroes 9. Transfigured Heroes 10. Transforming Heroes 11. Transcendent Heroes 12. Conclusion
Scott T. Allison is Professor of Psychology at the University of Richmond, where he has been on the faculty since 1987. He received his BA in Psychology from the University of California, San Diego and his PhD in Social Psychology at the University of California, Santa Barbara. His research program focuses on human belief systems about heroes, villains, legends, leaders, underdogs, and martyrs. He has served on the editorial boards of the top empirical journals in experimental social psychology, including the Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, and Group Dynamics: Theory, Research, and Practice. With George Goethals, he is author of Heroes, What They Do & Why We Need Them, published in 2011, and “Making Heroes: The Construction of Competence, Courage and Virtue” published in 2012 in Advances in Experimental Social Psychology. He is the recipient of the University of Richmond's Distinguished Educator Award and the Virginia Council of Higher Education's Outstanding Faculty Award.
George R. Goethals holds the E. Claiborne Robins Distinguished Professorship in Leadership Studies at the University of Richmond. Previously he taught at Williams College where he was Chair of the Department of Psychology, founding Chair of the Program in Leadership Studies, Acting Dean of the Faculty, and Provost. Goethals graduated with a BA from Harvard College and holds a PhD in social psychology from Duke University. Goethals explores leadership from psychological and historical perspectives. With Georgia Sorenson and James MacGregor Burns he edited the Encyclopedia of Leadership (Sage, 2004), with Sorenson, The Quest for a General Theory of Leadership (Elgar, 2006), and with Crystal Hoyt and Donelson Forsyth, Leadership at The Crossroads, Psychology and Leadership (Praeger, 2008). His recent research focuses on presidential debates, the presidency of Ulysses S. Grant, and the role of biography in shaping our understanding of leadership. With Scott Allison, he is author of Heroes, What They Do & Why We Need Them, published in 2011, and “Making Heroes: The Construction of Competence, Courage and Virtue” published in 2012 in Advances in Experimental Social Psychology, Volume 46.