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The Physical Chemistry of Materials

Energy and Environmental Applications

By Rolando M.A. Roque-Malherbe

CRC Press – 2009 – 522 pages

Purchasing Options:

  • Add to CartHardback: $169.95
    978-1-42-008272-2
    October 27th 2009

Description

In recent years, the area dealing with the physical chemistry of materials has become an emerging discipline in materials science that emphasizes the study of materials for chemical, sustainable energy, and pollution abatement applications. Written by an active researcher in this field, Physical Chemistry of Materials: Energy and Environmental Applications presents methods for synthesizing and characterizing adsorbents, ion exchangers, ionic conductors, heterogeneous catalysts, and permeable porous and dense materials. It also discusses their properties and applications.

The book explores various examples of these important materials, including perovskites, zeolites, mesoporous molecular sieves, silica, alumina, active carbons, carbon nanotubes, titanium dioxide, magnesium oxide, clays, pillared clays, hydrotalcites, alkali metal titanates, titanium silicates, polymers, and coordination polymers. It shows how the materials are used in adsorption, ion conduction, ion exchange, gas separation, membrane reactors, catalysts, catalysts supports, sensors, pollution abatement, detergency, animal nourishment, agriculture, and sustainable energy applications.

Rising pollution levels and the need for sustainable energy have necessitated new ways of using certain materials to combat these problems. Focusing on this emerging discipline, Physical Chemistry of Materials describes the methods of syntheses and characterization of adsorbents, ion exchangers, ionic conductors, catalysts, and permeable materials. It tackles key issues in materials science and physical chemistry.

Reviews

The structure of the book is coherent. Extensive equations, figures and references provide suitable complement to the text. The production quality allows the reader to understand the ideas with minimal confusion or difficulty. This book succeeds in being systematic and practical, and can be used as a great reference for science and engineering researchers or a textbook for university studies … Not only does this book summarize the classical theories under the discipline of physical chemistry of materials, but also exhibits their engineering applications in response to the currently urgent needs of energy and environmental issues.

Materials Today, March 2010

This useful, advanced course resource should interest graduate students in materials science, physics, engineering, or chemistry. … All chapters contain extensive, up-to-date, comprehensive bibliographies. There is an excellent balance between chapters on principles and chapters on specific applications; this balance makes the book attractive as a textbook. … Summing Up: Recommended.

CHOICE, September 2010

Contents

Materials Physics

Introduction

Crystallography

Bloch Theorem

Lattice Vibrations

Electrons in Crystalline Solid Materials

X-Ray Diffraction

Dielectric Phenomena in Materials

Nuclear Magnetic Resonance

Mössbauer Effect

Structure of Adsorbents, Ion Exchangers, Ion Conductors, Catalysts, and Permeable Materials

Introduction

Transition Metal Catalysts

Nonmetallic Catalysts

Permeable Materials

Crystalline and Ordered Nanoporous Adsorbents and Catalysts

Ion-Exchange Crystalline Materials

Amorphous Silica Adsorbents and Catalytic Supports

Active Carbon and Other Carbon Forms as Adsorbents and Catalytic Supports

Polymers

Synthesis Methods of Catalyst Adsorbents, Ion Exchangers, and Permeable Materials

Introduction

Methods for the Preparation of Metallic-Supported Catalysts

Synthesis of Inorganic Solids

Synthesis of Microporous Crystalline Materials

Synthesis of Ordered Silica Mesoporous Materials

Active Carbon and Carbon Nanotube Preparation Methods

Membrane Preparation Methods

Polymer Synthesis

Material Characterization Methods

Introduction

Application of XRD in Material Characterization

Electron Microscopy

Energy-Dispersive Analysis of X-Rays

Infrared and Raman Spectrometries

Nuclear Magnetic Resonance Spectrometry

Thermal Methods of Analysis

Dielectric Analysis Methods

Mössbauer Spectrometry

Mercury Porosimetry

Magnetic Force in Nonuniform Fields: Phase Analysis Method

Diffusion in Materials

Introduction

Fick’s Laws

Thermodynamics of Irreversible Processes

Diffusion Coefficients

Microscopic Description of Diffusion

Some Diffusion Processes in Metals

Diffusion in Oxides

Diffusion in Porous Media

Diffusion in Micropores

Adsorption in Nanoporous Materials

Introduction

Definitions and Terminology

Adsorption Interaction Fields

Measurement of Adsorption Isotherms by the Volumetric Method

Thermodynamics of Adsorption

Systems for the Automatic Measurement of Surface Area and Porosity by the Volumetric Method

Adsorption in Zeolites

Adsorption in Nanoporous-Ordered and Amorphous Materials

Howarth–Kawazoe Approach for the Description of Adsorption in Microporous Materials for the Slit, Cylindrical, and Spherical Pore Geometries

Adsorption from Liquid Solutions

Dynamic Adsorption: The Plug-Flow Adsorption Reactor

Some Chemical, Sustainable Energy, and Pollution Abatement Applications of Nanoporous Adsorbents

Porous Polymers as Adsorbents

Ion Exchange

Introduction

Aluminosilicate Zeolite Ion Exchangers

Some Definitions and Terms

Thermodynamics of Ion Exchange

Rules Governing the Ion-Exchange Equilibrium in Zeolites

Ion-Exchange Heat

Ion-Exchange Selectivity in Zeolites

Ion-Exchange Kinetics

Plug-Flow Ion-Exchange Bed Reactors

Chemical and Pollution Abatement Applications of Ion Exchange in Zeolites

Applications of Other Crystalline Inorganic Ion Exchangers

Ion-Exchange Polymeric Resins

Solid-State Electrochemistry

Introduction

Solid Electrolytes

Thermodynamics of Electrochemical Processes

Kinetics of Electrochemical Processes

Fuel Cell Efficiency

Electrochemical Impedance Spectroscopy

Sustainable Energy and Environmental Sensing Technology Applications of Solid-State Electrochemistry

Heterogeneous Catalysis and Surface Reactions

Introduction

General Properties of Catalysts

Crystalline and Ordered Nanoporous Heterogeneous Catalysts

Amorphous, Porous Heterogeneous Catalysts and Supports

Photocatalysts

Kinetics of Surface Reactions

Examples of Surface Reactions

Packed Bed Plug-Flow Catalytic Reactor

Chemical, Sustainable Energy, and Pollution Abatement Applications of Heterogeneous Catalysts

Membranes

Introduction

Definitions and Nomenclature

Permeability in Dense Membranes

Permeation in Porous Membranes

Zeolite-Based Ceramic Porous Membrane

Chemical, Sustainable Energy, and Pollution Abatement Applications of Inorganic Membranes

Examples of Polymeric Membranes

Index

References appear at the end of each chapter.

Author Bio

Rolando M.A. Roque-Malherbe is the director of the Institute of Physical and Chemical Applied Research at the University of Turabo in Puerto Rico.

Name: The Physical Chemistry of Materials: Energy and Environmental Applications (Hardback)CRC Press 
Description: By Rolando M.A. Roque-Malherbe. In recent years, the area dealing with the physical chemistry of materials has become an emerging discipline in materials science that emphasizes the study of materials for chemical, sustainable energy, and pollution abatement applications. Written by an...
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