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Climate Management Issues

Economics, Sociology, and Politics

By Julie K. Gines

CRC Press – 2012 – 470 pages

Purchasing Options:

  • Add to CartHardback: $109.95
    978-1-43-986106-6
    December 13th 2011

Description

Despite all the controversy and hype that climate change has generated, there now exists an overwhelming body of scientific evidence that the problem is real and that its effects are already being felt on a global scale. Part of what makes this a volatile and controversial issue is that it is not just confined to the realms of the scientific community, nor does it have just one simple, predefined solution—it has multifaceted dimensions involving economic, sociological, political, psychological, and personal issues, making this a topic that affects every person on earth now and in the future.

Connecting the dots, Climate Management Issues: Economics, Sociology, and Politics is the first book to propose a truly comprehensive solution to effectively deal with climate change in both the short and long term. It reaches across diverse sectors of society to link issues in climate change management and offer new insights into the complex interrelationships. As the author emphasizes, climate change extends far beyond the physical sciences to affect lifestyles, cultural values, political systems, economics, and health.

An overview of the physical science of climate change gives readers a firm understanding of the concepts they need for policy and decision making, sociological applications, and community leadership. The book then focuses on multifaceted aspects such as international cooperation, journalistic balance, human psychology, international policy, national security, socioeconomic impacts, agricultural conservation, healthcare, the economics of mitigation, climate modeling, and error amplification.

This timely volume puts on center stage those crucial ideas that are usually overlooked, misunderstood, or lost in media sensationalism. Enlightening and empowering readers, it looks at the decisions that must be made to mitigate climate change problems before irreversible damage is done.

Contents

Introduction

The Earth’s Climate System

What Is Climate Change?

The Global System Concept

The Atmosphere’s Structure

The Carbon Cycle: Natural versus Human Amplification

The Hydrologic Cycle and the Relationships between the Land, Ocean, and Atmosphere

Global Energy Balance

Rates of Change

Atmospheric Circulation and Climate Change

Extreme Weather

The Role of Ocean Circulation in Climate Change

The Great Ocean Conveyor Belt and Consequences of Destabilization: Abrupt Climate Change

Effects of Sea-Level Rise

Future Projections

The Role of Greenhouse Gases

Radiation Transmission

The Natural and Enhanced Greenhouse Effect

Radiative Forcing

The Earth’s Energy Balance

Greenhouse Gases

Climate Change Potential

Carbon Sequestration

Sinks and Sources

Types of Carbon Sequestration

Impacts of Deforestation

Anthropogenic Causes and Effects: Carbon Footprints

Areas Most at Risk

Fossil Fuels and Climate Change

The New Carbon Balance: Summing It All Up

The Concern about Coal Emissions

Health Issues Associated with Climate Change

Contributors to Climate Change and Pollution

Key Impacts

Climate Change and Its Effect on Ecosystems

The Results of Climate Change on Ecosystems

Impacts to Forests

Impacts to Rangelands, Grasslands, and Prairies

Impacts on Polar Ecosystems

Impacts to Desert Ecosystems

Mountain Ecosystems in Danger Worldwide

Challenges in Marine Environments

The Inception of Climate Change Management

The Montreal Protocol: A Working Model

The United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change and the Kyoto Protocol

The UNFCCC

The Kyoto Protocol

The U.S. Response and International Reactions

The G8

The Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change

IPCC Reports

The Bali Conference (2007)

Copenhagen Climate Change Conference (2009)

Cancun Convention (2010)

Bangkok (2011)

Sociological Connections to Climate Change

The Environment and Sociology

The Need for Biodiversity

Environmental Movements: The Classic Case of Earth Day

The Ramifications of Climate Change on Society

Climate Justice

Immigration Issues

One Explanation to Encourage Going Green

Other Social Factors to Consider

Human Psychology and the Media

Climate Change, Human Psychology, Cultural Values, and the Media

The Power of the Media

Keeping a Journalistic Balance

Scientists’ Mindsets and Data Change

The Occasional Data Flaw

The Role of International Organizations

The Evolution of International Cooperation

The Role of International Organizations

The Progress of Individual Countries

Nations Working toward Sustainability

The Political Arena

The Current Political Climate in the United States

President Obama’s Outlook on Climate Change at Election

The Beginnings of Change in Legislation

Current Executive Branch Action

Current Congressional Action

Congressional Input and Contributions toward Climate Change

Legislation with Obama

Past Congressional Input and Contributions toward Climate Change Legislation

The International Political Arena

Policies in Key Countries

Sociopolitical Impacts of Climate Change

Climate Change, National Security, and Terrorism

Climate Change, Inaction, and War

Climate Change, Conflict, and State Fragility

The Concept of Climate Justice and Equity

Military Issues and Climate Change

Climate Change and Military Effectiveness

The Pentagon Takes the Lead on Cutting Back on Fossil Fuels

DoD Embraces Green Energy: Turning Goals into Examples

Economics of Climate Change and Socioeconomic Implications

Climate Change and Economic Considerations

Economic Impacts of Drought and Desertification

The Fishing and Forestry Industries

Changes in Monsoon Patterns

Agriculture and Food Production

Impacts to the Recreation and Tourism Industry

Healthcare and Labor-Related Impacts

Transportation and Energy Considerations

Resulting Insurance Costs and Impacts

The Stern Review: The Economics of Climate Change

Meeting the Challenges of Climate Impacts

The Economics of Mitigation Options

Cap and Trade

Project-Based Markets

Allowance-Based Markets

The Economics of Cap and Trade

Economics of Mitigation

Carbon Capture and Storage

Geological Formation Sequestration

Ocean Sequestration

Adaptation Strategies

Professional Guidance: Climate Research, Modeling, and Data Analysis

Climate Change Research

Climate Modeling

The Modeling Challenge: A Brief History

Fundamentals of Climate Modeling

The Physics of Modeling

Simplifying the Climate System

Modeling the Climate Response

Types of Climate Models

Testing a Model: Modeling Trouble Spots

Confidence and Validation

Modeling Uncertainties and Challenges

Error Amplification

Modeling Uncertainties and Drawbacks

Other Unknowns

Two Case Studies

The Clock Is Ticking: Changing for the Benefit of Future Generations

A Look toward the Future

Winners and Losers

New Technologies

The Final Choice

Appendix

United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) Member Nations

Glossary

Index

Chapters begin with an overview, an introduction, and development, and end with conclusions, discussion, references, and suggested reading.

Author Bio

Julie Kerr Gines, PhD, has been an earth scientist for more than 34 years, promoting a healthier and better-managed environment. She has dealt with the hands-on applications of resource and climate change management, focusing on the delicate balance of the multifaceted issues involving the political, economic, and sociological components in both short- and long-term applications with real-world ramifications. Dr. Gines approaches the subject with a background uniquely blended with conservation and land-use management expertise with the U.S. Bureau of Land Management, military applications with the U.S. Air Force, and university-based research. She has also had environmental experience serving in the professional community as the president of the Intermountain Chapter of the American Society of Photogrammetry and Remote Sensing and spent years dedicated to the promotion of a healthier environment through participation with various environmental groups. A prolific author, she has published more than 23 books.

Name: Climate Management Issues: Economics, Sociology, and Politics (Hardback)CRC Press 
Description: By Julie K. Gines. Despite all the controversy and hype that climate change has generated, there now exists an overwhelming body of scientific evidence that the problem is real and that its effects are already being felt on a global scale. Part of what makes this a...
Categories: Social Psychology of Organizations, Climatology & Meteorology, Environmental Sciences