Rigor is NOT a Four-Letter Word
Routledge – 2013 – 208 pages
Learn how to increase rigor so that all students can reach higher levels of learning! With this new edition of a teacher-tested best seller, you get practical ideas for increasing text complexity, providing scaffolding during reading instruction, creating open-ended projects, and much more. The enhanced second edition provides important connections to the Common Core State Standards, plus new sections on problem-based learning, implementation of high standards, and working with special-needs students.
1: The Case for Rigor
The Call for Rigor
New Calls for Rigor
Seven Myths About Rigor
Does This Really Matter?
Students' Perceptions of Rigor
2: Digging Into Rigor
Expecting Students to Learn at High Levels
Levels of Questioning
Differentiated Instruction and Multiple Intelligences
Supporting Each Student to Learn at High Levels
Rigor Does Not Stand Alone
3: Raise the Level of Content
Increasing Text Difficulty
Reviewing, Not Repeating
Planning for Implementation of High Standards
4: Increase Complexity
Complexity Through Problem-Based Learning
Complexity in Writing
Complexity as You Assess Prior Knowledge
Complexity With Vocabulary
Complexity in Review Games
5: Give Appropriate Support and Guidance
Scaffolding During Reading Activities
Modeling Expected Instructional Behaviors
Providing Clear Expectations
Chunking Big Tasks
Presenting Multiple Opportunities to Learn
Working With Students With Special Needs
6: Open Your Focus
Open-Ended Vocabulary Instruction
Open-Ended Choices for Students
7: Raise Expectations
Expecting the Best
Expanding the Vision
Ownership of Learning
Creating a Culture
8: Assessment and Grading
Assessment That Impacts Learning
Learning Is Not Optional
9: Collaboration and Professional Learning Communities
Professional Learning Communities
Activities for Professional Learning Communities
10: Opportunities and Challenges
Where Should I Begin?
How Do I Handle Resistance from Students?
What Do I Say to Parents?
How Should I Respond When Other Teachers Aren't Supportive?
How Can I Gauge Progress?
Appendix: Correlations to the Common Core State Standards for English Language Arts, Grades K-12