Handbook of Restorative Justice
Edited by Gerry Johnstone, Daniel Van Ness
Published October 1st 2006 by Willan – 672 pages
This book provides a comprehensive and authoritative account and analysis of restorative justice, one of the most rapidly growing phenomena in the field of criminology and justice studies.
This book aims to meet the need for a comprehensive, reliable and accessible overview of the subject. It draws together leading authorities on the subject from around the world in order to:
The Handbook of Restorative Justice is essential reading for students and practitioners in the field.
The concept of restorative justice was coined two or three decades ago as a way of describing experimental attempts, largely by community-based practitioners, to develop more satisfactory ways of addressing the aftermath of criminal offending. Different models of restorative justice emerged in different places, but it wasnâ€™t too long before cross-fertilisation began taking place and a genuine international social movement for judicial and social reform emerged. Naturally this new movement and its agenda soon came to the notice of the academic world, and thus has arisen in the past 10 to 15 years a substantial and rapidly expanding body of scholarship on the theory and practice of restorative justice. It is now almost an impossible task, even for academics, to keep up with the wealth of literature on the many facets of restorative justice being generated by specialist scholars working in a range of disciplines. Inevitably a cleavage has opened up between grass roots practitioners who do the actual work of restorative justice and the scholarly â€œexpertsâ€� who reflect critically and theoretically in what is being done and who debate its merits and shortcomings. Some practitioners may have little time for or interest in the scholarlyis course that now exists around restorative justice. Yet being able to access the critical insights and empirical findings of these scholars is extremely important if the restorative justice movement is to continue to develop as a viable and sophisticated justice alternative. That is why this new reader in restorative justice is to be so warmly welcomed. Running to over 600 pages, it comprises a superb collection of essays, each specially commissioned by the editors from leading international authorities in the field, that cover almost all aspects of the movement in light of the latest scholarship. Without exception, the essays are well-written, carefully considered and thoroughly documented. Some essays are more demanding than others, and not all the contributors are equally enthusiastic about restorative justice. But all give an honest and reliable account of the many issues and debates that surround the definition and practice of restorative justice, and all are worth listening to carefully. The 29 chapters are grouped somewhat loosely into seven sections, each of which opens with a helpful summary by the editors of the main ideas that emerge in the discussion that follows. Essays in Part 1 deal with the increasingly contested definition of restorative justice and the meaning of its key ideas and principles (including what I think is an outstanding essay on restorative justice values). In Part 2, the contributors examine the alleged roots of restorative justice in indigenous and biblical traditions, as well as in more recent social movements such as feminism, civil rights and the victims movement. In Part 3, the essays focus more on restorative processes and practices, while those in the following section discuss the application of restorative approaches in different social contexts, such as policing, prisons, schools, truth commissions and terrorism. The two detailed essays in Part 5 give an up-to-date account of what empirical evaluations of restorative justice schemes have discovered. These are followed by several contributions in Part 6 that trace the international spread and diversification of restorative justice. Finally, in Part 7, the future of restorative justice is discussed, both its future in the criminal justice system and its intellectual future, specifically the extent to which it can, or should, attempt to formulate a universalizable theory of justice. Bringing together such a wide range of high quality offerings on restorative justice has been no small undertaking for the editors, and they are to be warmly thanked for doing so. They have created an outstanding resource book that will serve for many years to come as the premiere teaching aid and reference work in the field. I highly commend it to all restorative justice practitioners, policy makers, criminal justice professionals and academic commentators. Chris Marshall
List of abbreviations, Notes on contributors, Preface Part 1: The Idea of Restorative Justice Introduction, Gerry Johnstone and Daniel W. Van Ness 1. The meaning of restorative justice, Gerry Johnstone and Daniel W. Van Ness 2. The idea of reparation, Susan Sharpe 3. The ideas of engagement and empowerment, Jennifer Larson Sawin and Howard Zehr 4. Restorative values, Kay Pranis 5. Retribution and restorative justice, Declan Roche 6. Alternative visions of restorative justice, Margarita Zernova and Martin Wright Part 2: Roots of Restorative Justice Introduction, Gerry Johnstone and Daniel W. Van Ness 7. Reviving restorative justice traditions?, Chris Cunneen 8. Retribution and restoration in biblical texts, Jonathan Burnside 9. Feminist theory, feminist and anti-racist politics, and restorative justice, Kathleen Daly and Julie Stubbs 10. 'The victims' movement and restorative justice, Simon Green 11. Making amends, Linda Radzik Part 3: Restorative Processes, Outcomes, Stakeholders Introduction, Gerry Johnstone and Daniel W. Van Ness 12. Restorative processes, Barbara E. Raye and Ann Warner Roberts 13. Satisfying the needs and interests of stakeholders, Mara Schiff 14. Satisfying the needs and interests of victims, Christopher Bennett Part 4: Restorative Justice in Social Context Introduction, Gerry Johnstone and Daniel W. Van Ness 15. Juvenile justice, criminal courts and restorative justice, James Dignan 16. Policing and restorative justice, Carolyn Hoyle 17. Prisons and restorative justice, Daniel W. Van Ness 18. Schools and restorative justice, Brenda Morrison 19. Truth commissions and restorative justice, Jennifer Llewellyn 20. Terrorism, religious violence and restorative justice, Christopher D. Marshall Part 5: Evaluation and Restorative Justice Introduction, Gerry Johnstone and Daniel W. Van Ness 21. Evaluation of restorative justice, Gordon Bazemore and Lori Elis 22. Reoffending and restorative justice, Hennessey Hayes Part 6: The Global Appeal of Restorative Justice Introduction, Gerry Johnstone and Daniel W. Van Ness 23. The international development of restorative justice, David Miers 24. Regional reviews A. Africa (Ann Skelton) B. Asia (Ping Wang, Xiaohua Di and King Hung Wan) C. Europe (Jolien Willemsens and Lode Walgrave) D. Latin America (Pedro Scuro) E. North America (Daniel W. Van Ness) F. Pacific (Gabrielle Maxwell and Hennessey Hayes) G. Themes (Dobrinka Chankova and Daniel W. Van Ness) 25. Conflict resolution in South Africa: a case study, Jan Froestad and Clifford Shearing Part 7: The Future of Restorative Justice Introduction, Gerry Johnstone and Daniel W. Van Ness 26. Integrating criminal justice and restorative justice, Lode Walgrave 27. Human rights and restorative justice, Ann Skelton and Makubetse Sekhonyane 28. Critical perspectives on restorative justice, Gerry Johnstone 29. Ethics, universal principles and restorative justice, George Pavlich Glossary, Author index, Subject index, Index
Gerry Johnstone is Professor of Law at the University of Hull. He is well known for his work analysing the ideas, values and practices of restorative justice.
Daniel Van Ness works with the Prison Fellowship International, USA.