Skip to Content

Design of Hydraulic Gates

By Paulo C.F. Erbisti

Taylor & Francis – 2003 – 362 pages

Purchasing Options:

  • Add to CartHardback: $252.00
    978-90-5809-621-0
    January 1st 2003

Description

Based on the author's extensive expertise and experience as an engineer of hydromechanical projects, this book describes the principal aspects of the design, manufacture, installation and operation of hydraulic gates. Specific topics are analysed in depth, such as the selection of the gate type, the limits of their use, estimating their weight, operative forces, hoisting systems, design of structure and support elements, seals and hydrostatic and hydrodynamic forces. The use of recent technological advances, such as inflatable gates and fusegates is discussed. The book can be used as a text-book and manual for the design of gates. It features a number of worked examples, drawings and about 300 photographs to illustrate the concepts and methods involved, and covers several different types of gate and their support elements from a variety of applications.

Reviews

Nobody is better qualified than Professor Paulo Erbisti to have written this book “Design of Hydraulic Gates”, because he has acquired a very broad personal experience during his career devoted to hydroelectric projects, not only with a scientific spirit, but also a practical approach. He knows very well all the phases of implementation of hydromechanical equipment, from feasibility studies through to erection and commissioning, as well as rehabilitation.

This book is extremely welcome as an efficient synthesis of a broad subject, and engineers from the various disciplines, not only mechanical and electrical but also civil engineers, will recognize its value. The author has covered the subject of gates very comprehensively in his book, from history to new developments. He discusses not only the principle of gates and their associated equipment, the choice of type and calculation methods, but also he (as an excellent practical engineer, who knows that ‘the devil hides in the details’) describes their construction details. Each chapter is supported by a complete list of international references.

The book will be very useful for experienced engineers (as well as students) for the conception, construction and operation of gates.The interest of this book is evident as a reference, and Professor Erbisti should be gratefully acknowledged for his important contribution to this technology.

Raymond Lafitte, Professor at EPFL (Federal Institute of Technology, Lausanne), President of the International Hydropower Association

As one leafs through the book, one is pleasantly surprised by the many clear illustrations and photos (ca. 300), tables (ca. 70) and calculations (ca. 20). […] On the one hand, the book – as a textbook – offers students a very clear introduction to the field and on the other hand, represents a handbook with lots of useful advice for engineers in the field of steel hydraulic engineering. Some 90 bibliographic references lead the reader to further background information, also in the realm of more theoretically oriented steel hydraulic engineering. Erbisti’s book "Design of Hydraulic Gates" is all in all a very useful and recommended book.

Prof. Dr.-Ing. Gerhard Schmaußer, Aalen, in Stahlbau 73 (2004), 644-646

Contents

PREFACE

ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS

Chapter 1 INTRODUCTION

1.1 History and Development

1.2 Gate Components

1.3 Main Applications

1.4 Types and Classifications

Chapter 2 TYPES OF GATES

2.1 Flap Gate

2.2 Cylinder Gate

2.3 Stoplogs

2.4 Slide Gate

2.5 Caterpillar Gate

2.6 Miter Gate

2.7 Roller Gate

2.8 Segment Gate

2.9 Sector Gate

2.10 Stoney Gate

2.11 Drum Gate

2.12 Bear-Trap Gate

2.13 Fixed-Wheel Gate

2.14 Visor Gate

Chapter 3 BASIS FOR SELECTION OF GATE TYPE

3.1 Introduction

3.2 Most Common Types

3.3 Operational Requirements

3.4 Present Limits of Gate Sizes and Heads

Chapter 4 HYDROSTATICS

4.1 Introduction

4.2 Vertical Lift Gates

4.3 Radial Gates

Chapter 5 STRUCTURAL DESIGN

5.1 Load Cases

5.2 Allowable Stresses

5.3 Skin Plate

5.4 Horizontal Beams

5.5 Segment Gate

Chapter 6 EMBEDDED PARTS, GUIDES AND SUPPORTS

6.1 Slots and Niches

6.2 Wheel Track

6.3 Slide Track

6.4 Concrete Bearing Pressure

6.5 Lateral Guidance

6.6 Wheels and Pins

6.7 Bushings

Chapter 7 ESTIMATING GATE WEIGHTS

7.1 Introduction

7.2 Segment Gates

7.3 Fixed-Wheel Gates

7.4 Double-Leaf Fixed-Wheel Gates

7.5 Stoplogs

7.6 Flap Gates

7.7 Caterpillar Gates

7.8 Embedded Parts

Chapter 8 HYDRODYNAMIC FORCES

8.1 Introduction

8.2 Model Tests

8.3 Factors Influencing Downpull

8.4 Formulae for the Prediction of Downpull

8.5 Method of Knapp

Chapter 9 GATE OPERATING FORCES

9.1 Introduction

9.2 Gate Weight

9.3 Friction on Supports and Hinges

9.4 Seal Friction

Chapter 10 AERATION

10.1 Introduction

10.2 Air Vent – Functions and Features

10.3 Air Vents – Empirical Calculation

10.4 Air-Demand Ratio

10.5 Air Vent Dimensioning

Chapter 11 GATE HOISTS

11.1 Introduction

11.2 Screw Lifts

11.3 Wire Ropes

11.4 Roller Chains

11.5 Oil Hydraulic Drives

11.6 Gate Hoist Arrangement

11.7 Hand Operation

11.8 Design Criteria

11.9 Gate Position Measurement

Chapter 12 MATERIALS

12.1 Introduction

12.2 Heat Treatment

12.3 Rolled Steels

12.4 Steels for Machine Elements

12.5 Stainless Steels

12.6 Cast Steels

12.7 Forged Steels

12.8 Gray Cast Irons

12.9 Bronzes

12.10 Bolts

Chapter 13 GATE SEALS

13.1 Introduction

13.2 Wood Seals

13.3 Metallic Seals

13.4 Rubber Seals

13.5 Material for Rubber Seals

13.6 Clad Seals

13.7 Rubber Seal Hardness

13.8 Rubber Specifications

13.9 Seal Leakage

13.10 Manufacture and Assembly of Seals

Chapter 14 MANUFACTURE, TRANSPORTATION AND ERECTION

14.1 Manufacture

14.2 Transportation

14.3 Field Erection

14.4 Acceptance Tests

Chapter 15 TRENDS AND INNOVATION IN GATE DESIGN

15.1 Long-Span Gates

15.2 High-Head Gates

15.3 Refurbishment and Modernization of Gates and Dams

NAME INDEX

SUBJECT INDEX

Author Bio

Paulo Erbisti is a design engineer and a consultant with 45 years of experience working on various hydromechanical projects. This Brazilian engineer has contributed greatly to hydropower/dam engineering in the last 35 years in Brazil, Venezuela and in several other countries of the world as a result of his extensive consulting work. He has worked on a number of important project including Itaipu, Guri, Caruachi and Tocoma. In 2011, he was elected as one of twenty people believed to have made the biggest difference to the sector over the last decade by International Water Power & Dam Construction magazine.

Related Subjects

  1. Hydraulic Engineering

Name: Design of Hydraulic Gates (Hardback)Taylor & Francis 
Description: By Paulo C.F. Erbisti. Based on the author's extensive expertise and experience as an engineer of hydromechanical projects, this book describes the principal aspects of the design, manufacture, installation and operation of hydraulic gates. Specific topics are...
Categories: Hydraulic Engineering