1st Edition

4D Imaging to 4D Printing Biomedical Applications

Edited By Rupinder Singh Copyright 2023
    168 Pages 102 B/W Illustrations
    by CRC Press

    This book focuses on applications of 4D imaging and 4D printing for development of low-cost, indigenous lab-scale solutions for various biomedical applications. It is based on a selection of benchmark open-source 4D imaging solutions including the effect of different stimulus (such as light, electric field, magnetic field, mechanical load, thermal, hydro, and so forth) to better understand 4D capabilities of printed components. The material is covered across nine chapters dedicated to 4D imaging, 4D printing, and their specific biomedical applications illustrated via case studies related to orthopaedic and dental requirements of veterinary patients.

    The book:

    •Presents exclusive material on the integration of 4D imaging and 4D printing
    •Demonstrates the industrial applications of 4D imaging in 4D printing using multiple case studies
    •Discusses use of open-source 4D imaging tools for biomedical applications
    •Includes in-house development of smart materials for 4D printing
    •Reviews low-cost, indigenous lab-scale solutions for various veterinary applications.

    This book is aimed at graduate students and researchers in Additive Manufacturing, Manufacturing Engineering, Production Engineering, Mechanical Engineering, and Materials Engineering.

    1. Integration of 4D imaging and 4D printing.
    Kamaljit Singh Boparai, Abhishek Kumar, and Rupinder Singh

    2. Use of Open-source 4D imaging tools for Biomedical applications.
    Abhishek Kumar, Abhishek Barwar, and Rupinder Singh

    3. Orthopedic and dental 4D requirements for veterinary patients.
    Ranvijay Kumar and Rupinder Singh

    4. A case study for dentistry application using medical imaging.
    Abhishek Kumar, Smruti Ranjan Pradhan, Rupinder Singh, and Vaibhav Sahani

    5. Low-cost, indigenous lab-scale solutions for various biomedical applications of veterinary patients:  Clinical dentistry and Orthopaedics.
    Anish das, Abhishek Kumar, Rupinder Singh

    6. In-house development of smart materials for 4D printing.
    Vinay Kumar, Rupinder Singh, and Inderpreet Singh Ahuja

    7. A case study on the use of in-house prepared filament for 4D printing applications in orthopedics.
    Rupinder Singh and Abhishek Barwar

    8. A case study of 4D-imaging-assisted 4D printing for clinical dentistry for canines.
    Smruti Ranjan Pradhan, Minhaz Husain, Rupinder Singh, and Sukhwant Singh Banwait

    9. A case study of 4D-imaging-assisted 4D printing for an efficient drug-delivery system for veterinary cancer patients.
    Vinay Kumar, Nishant Ranjan, Ranvijay Kumar, Ajay Sharma, and Deepika Kathuria


    Dr. Rupinder Singh is a Professor in the Department of Mechanical Engineering, National Institute of Technical Teacher Training and Research, Chandigarh. He has received a Ph.D. in Mechanical Engineering from the Thapar Institute of Engineering and Technology Patiala. His area of research is additive manufacturing, composite filament processing, rapid tooling, metal casting, and plastic solid waste management. He has co-authored more than 350 science citation indexed research papers, 10 books, and more than 150 book chapters, and has presented more than 100 research papers in various national/international journals. His research has been cited more than 10210 times with an H index of 47 and a google scholar i-10 index of 212. As per Standford University, He has been listed among the world’s top 2% scientists.