Celebrating its 100th anniversary in 2015, the Ecological Society of America (ESA) is the largest professional society devoted to the science of ecology. A Centennial History of the Ecological Society of America tells the story of ESA's humble beginnings, growing from approximately 100 founding members and a modest publication of a few pages to a m
Ecological Society of America History: Introduction. 1914 to 1929: Origins. 1930 to 1944: Challenges. 1945 to 1959: Expansion. 1960 to 1974: The International Biological Program (IBP), The Institute of Ecology, and Others. 1975 to 1989: The International Biological Program (Concluded), the Long Term Ecological Research (LTER) Network, Ecosystems, Profe onal Certification, and Gender. 1990 to 2004: New Journals, the Sustainable Biosphere Initiative (SBI), Strategies for Education in Ecology, Development, and Sustainability (SEEDS), and More. 2005 to 2015: A Sustainable Biosphere and the National Ecological Observatory Network (NEON). ESA History: Conclusions. Appendix A: Ecological Society of America (ESA) Officers. Appendix B: Seven of the ESA Awards. ESA Bibliography.