A wide-ranging study, this book focuses on the effects of interaction between Indian and non-Indian peoples and on the complex relationships between Indians and their environments. Contributors confront common misconceptions about Indian groups by reexamining such controversial topics as boundary perceptions, land sharing, causes for migration, and economic conditions on Indian reservations. Issues of land claims, urbanization, patterns of economic development, and forced migration are also discussed. The information presented here is an essential component of an accurate assessment of whether North American Indians can survive as a distinct culture.
Table of Contents
Preface -- Introduction -- Indians in North America -- North American Indians in Historical Perspective -- Historical Geography and American Indian Development -- Two Worlds Collide: The European Advance into North America -- Spatial Awareness and Organization of the Land -- Sharing the Land: A Study in American Indian Territoriality -- Indian Delimitations of Primary Biogeographic Regions -- Land Ownership and Economic Development -- Indian Land in Southern Alberta -- The Loss of Indian Lands in Wisconsin, Montana and Arizona -- The Loss of Lands Inside Indian Reservations -- The Choctaw: Self Determination and Socioeconomic Development -- Migration, Cultural Change and Fusion -- The Iroquois Return to their Homeland: Military Retreat or Cultural Adjustment -- Women in Indian Removal: Stresses of Emigration -- Cultural Change and the Houma Indians: A Historical and Ecological Examination -- Cultural Fusion in Native-American Architecture: The Navajo Hogan -- Population Studies -- The Urban American Indian -- Early Twentieth Century Hopi Population -- The Lumbees: Population Growth of a Non-Reservation Indian Tribe -- Conclusions -- American Indian Problems and Prospects -- American Indian Population Living on and off Reservations by States: 1980