A History of Modern Germany: 1871 to Present, 8th Edition (Paperback) book cover

A History of Modern Germany

1871 to Present, 8th Edition

By Dietrich Orlow

Routledge

458 pages | 45 B/W Illus.

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Description

A History of Modern Germany is a well-established text that presents a balanced survey of the last 150 years of German history, stretching from nineteenth-century imperial Germany, through political division and reunification, and into the present day.

Beginning in the early 1870s and covering topics such as Wilhelmenian Germany, the World Wars, revolution, inflation and putsches, the Weimar Republic, the Federal Republic and the German Democratic Republic, the book offers a comprehensive overview of the entire period of modern German history. Fully updated throughout, this new edition details foreign policy, political and economic history and includes increased coverage of social and cultural history, and history ‘from the bottom up’, as well as containing a new chapter that brings it right up to the present day.

The book is supported by full discussion of past and present historiographic debates, illustrations, maps, further readings and biographies of key German political, economic and cultural figures within the Im Mittelpunkt feature. Fully exploring the complicated path of Germany’s troubled past and stable present, A History of Modern Germany provides the perfect grounding for all students of German history.

Table of Contents

LIST OF FIGURES

LIST OF MAPS

PREFACE

1 THE FOUNDERS’ GENERATION, 1871–1890

The Road to Unification

After Unification: Economic and Political Power Structures

The Kulturkampf

Im Mittelpunkt: Ludwig Windthorst (1812–1891)

Economic and Social Developments

Im Mittelpunkt: Gerson Bleichröder (1822–1893)

Social Legislation and Antisocialist Laws

Foreign Relations

The End of the Era and Bismarck’s Dismissal

2 WILHELMENIAN GERMANY, 1890–1914

The Structures and Personalities of Modern Politics

Economic and Social Developments

Literature, Art, and Society

Im Mittelpunkt: Heinrich (1871–1950) and Thomas Mann (1875–1955)

Im Mittelpunkt: Karl May (1842–1912)

Foreign Relations

Germany on the Eve of World War I

3 WORLD WAR I, 1914–1918

The Debate over the Outbreak of the War

Military Developments

Im Mittelpunkt: Erich Ludendorff (1865–1937)

Domestic Politics: Reform, Repression, and Revolution

War and Society

Conclusion: The Long-Term Impact of the War

4 REVOLUTION, INFLATION, AND PUTSCHES:

THE SEARCH FOR A NEW CONSENSUS, 1918–1923

Revolution

Im Mittelpunkt: Rosa Luxemburg (1870–1919)

Im Mittelpunkt: Friedrich Ebert (1871–1925)

The Weimar Constitution

The Treaty of Versailles

Economic and Social Problems

Im Mittelpunkt: Walther Rathenau (1867–1922)

Everyday Life under Extreme Duress

Counterrevolution

Foreign Relations

Conclusion

5 FOOLS’ GOLD: THE WEIMAR REPUBLIC, 1924–1930

The Search for the Elusive Political Consensus

Economic and Social Developments

Weimar Culture

Im Mittelpunkt: Marlene Dietrich (1901–1992)

Im Mittelpunkt: Kurt Weill (1900–1950)

Foreign Relations

The Depression and the End of Parliamentary Democracy

6 FROM AUTHORITARIANISM TO TOTALITARIANISM, 1930–1938

The Rule of the New Conservatives

Im Mittelpunkt: Heinrich Brüning (1885–1970)

Im Mittelpunkt: Franz von Papen (1879–1969)

The Nazis’ Rise to Power

Gleichschaltung: The Establishment of Nazi Totalitarianism

Social Life and the Concept of the Volksgemeinschaft

Foreign Relations

Conclusion

7 CONQUEST, DEATH, AND DEFEAT, 1938–1945

Further Growth of the Nazi Führer State

Im Mittelpunkt: Reinhard Heydrich (1904–1942)

The Road to War

Nazi Rule in Europe

The Holocaust

Im Mittelpunkt: Viktor Klemperer (1881–1960)

Economy and Society

The End of the Third Reich

8 "CONDOMINIUM OF THE ALLIED POWERS," 1945–1949

The German Resistance: Strengths and Delusions

Im Mittelpunkt: Claus von Stauffenberg (1907–1944)

Allied Visions and Plans, 1941–1945

The Immediate Legacy of the Third Reich: The Reality of "Zero Hour"

Reparations and Economic Recovery

"Exorcising the Evil": De-Nazification and Reeducation

Revival of Administrative, Political, and Cultural Life

The Cold War and the Division of Germany

Conclusion

9 THE FEDERAL REPUBLIC OF GERMANY, 1949–1990

The Adenauer Era, 1949–1963

Im Mittelpunkt: Konrad Adenauer (1876–1967)

The Changing of the Guard, 1963–1974

Im Mittelpunkt: Helmut Schmidt (1918–2015)

Culture and Society

Im Mittelpunkt: Günter Grass (1927–2015)

1968 and Beyond: Troubled 1970s and 1980s

Conclusion

10 THE GERMAN DEMOCRATIC REPUBLIC, 1949–1990

The Quest for Viability

Im Mittelpunkt: Erich Mielke (1907–2000)

East Germany in the 1960s

Culture and Society

Im Mittelpunkt: Wolf Biermann (1936–)

Conflicting Signals: East Germany under Erich Honecker, 1971–1989

1989: The Year of the Ultimate Crisis

Im Mittelpunkt: Kurt Masur (1927–2015)

Conclusion

11 EUPHORIA AND DISILLUSIONMENT, 1990–2005

Political Developments

Im Mittelpunkt: Gerhard Schröder (1944–)

The End of the Kohl Era

Economic and Social Developments

Foreign Policy

German Society Fifteen Years after Reunification

Problems and Prospects

12 THE NEW NORMAL, 2005 to the Present

Im Mittelpunkt: Angela Merkel (1954–)

Parties, Politics and Elections

Foreign Relations

Im Mittelpunkt: Ursula von der Leyen (1958–)

The Refugee Crisis of 2015/16 and the Rise of Anti-Establishment Groups

Culture

Im Mittelpunkt: Herta Müller (1953–)

Problems and Prospects

13 CONCLUSION

SUGGESTIONS FOR FURTHER READING

INDEX

About the Author

Dietrich Orlow is Professor (emerit.) of History at Boston University. He has taught and written extensively on contemporary German and European history. His recent books include Common Destiny: A Comparative History of the Dutch, French, and German Social Democratic Parties, 1945-1969 (2000) and Socialist Reformers and the Collapse of the German Democratic Republic (2015).

Subject Categories

BISAC Subject Codes/Headings:
HIS000000
HISTORY / General
HIS014000
HISTORY / Europe / Germany
HIS022000
HISTORY / Jewish
HIS037060
HISTORY / Modern / 19th Century
HIS037070
HISTORY / Modern / 20th Century
HIS037080
HISTORY / Modern / 21st Century
HIS043000
HISTORY / Holocaust