311 pages | 83 B/W Illus.
Industries worldwide have been impacted by environmental regulations, economics, and ultimately consumers, which has led to more thought about the development of sustainable products. The textile industry is no exception. The preparation, dyeing, and finishing of textile fibres requires large amounts of water and other chemicals which may be toxic or hazardous. Green chemistry along with other green technologies may now play a leading role in this process. This book emphasises the importance of plasma treatment as a green and sustainable technology.
A Novel Green Treatment for Textiles: Plasma Treatment as a Sustainable Technology discusses the plasma treatment of textile fibres and its environmental, economic, and social benefits. The book reviews the general properties of textiles and provides a description of the current treatment methods typically used today. The author then introduces the concept of plasma and its application in treating textile materials. The application of plasma as a pretreatment as well as a treatment in dyeing textiles is discussed.
The book summarizes the application of plasma treatment in the printing and finishing of textiles. Also explored is the concept of sustainability and its role in the development of plasma treatments in textile wet processing. The 12 Principles of Green Chemistry are incorporated throughout the book.
Twelve Principles of Green Chemistry for Textile Wet Processing
Importance of Green Chemistry in Textile Wet Processing
Water Requirement for Textile Wet Processing
Sustainability Consideration of Conventional Textile Wet Processing
Development of Non-Aqueous Green Treatment
Classification of Textile Fibres
Essential Properties of Textile Fibres
Processes for Treating Textile Fibres
Pretreatment (Preparation) Process
What Is Plasma?
Mechanisms of Plasma Treatments on Material
Method of Generating Plasma
Various Plasma Treatment Operating Systems
Factors Affecting Plasma Treatment
Application of Plasma in the Pretreatment of Textiles
Plasma Pretreatment for Cellulosic Fibres
Plasma Pretreatment for Protein Fibres
Plasma Pretreatment for Synthetic Fibres
Application of Plasma Treatment in the Dyeing of Textiles
Effect of Plasma Treatment on Dyeing of Cellulosic Fibres
Effect of Plasma Treatment on Dyeing of Protein Fibres
Effect of Plasma Treatment on Dyeing Synthetic Fibres
Application of Plasma Treatment in the Printing of Textiles
Effect of Plasma Treatment on Printing of Cellulosic Fibres
Effect of Plasma Treatment on Printing of Protein Fibres
Effect of Plasma Treatment on Printing Synthetic Fibres
Application of Plasma Treatment in Finishing of Textiles
Effect of Plasma Treatment on Finishing Cellulosic Fibres
Effect of Plasma Treatment on Finishing Protein Fibres
Effect of Plasma Treatment on Finishing of Synthetic
Sustainability and Development of Plasma Treatment in Textile Wet Processing
Social Accountability Aspect
Sustainability is rapidly moving from the wings to center stage. Overconsumption of nonrenewable and renewable resources, as well as the concomitant production of waste has brought the world to a crossroads. Green chemistry, along with other green sciences technologies, must play a leading role in bringing about a sustainable society. The Sustainability: Contributions through Science and Technology series focuses on the role science can play in developing technologies that lessen our environmental impact. This highly interdisciplinary series discusses significant and timely topics ranging from energy research to the implementation of sustainable technologies. Our intention is for scientists from a variety of disciplines to provide contributions that recognize how the development of green technologies affects the triple bottom line (society, economic, and environment). The series will be of interest to academics, researchers, professionals, business leaders, policy makers, and students, as well as individuals who want to know the basics of the science and technology of sustainability.