1st Edition

A Practical Guide to Microstructural Analysis of Cementitious Materials

    560 Pages 320 B/W Illustrations
    by CRC Press

    560 Pages 320 B/W Illustrations
    by CRC Press

    A Practical Guide from Top-Level Industry Scientists

    As advanced teaching and training in the development of cementitious materials increase, the need has emerged for an up-to-date practical guide to the field suitable for graduate students and junior and general practitioners.

    Get the Best Use of Different Techniques and Interpretations of the Results

    This edited volume provides the cement science community with a state-of-the-art overview of analytical techniques used in cement chemistry to study the hydration and microstructure of cements. Each chapter focuses on a specific technique, not only describing the basic principles behind the technique, but also providing essential, practical details on its application to the study of cement hydration. Each chapter sets out present best practice, and draws attention to the limitations and potential experimental pitfalls of the technique. Databases that supply examples and that support the analysis and interpretation of the experimental results strengthen a very valuable ready reference.

    Utilizing the day-to-day experience of practical experts in the field, this book:

    • Covers sample preparation issues
    • Discusses commonly used techniques for identifying and quantifying the phases making up cementitious materials (X-ray diffraction and thermogravimetric analysis)
    • Presents good practice oncalorimetry and chemical shrinkage methods for studying cement hydration kinetics
    • Examines two different applications of nuclear magnetic resonance (solid state NMR and proton relaxometry)
    • Takes a look at electron microscopy, the preeminent microstructural characterization technique for cementitious materials
    • Explains how to use and interpret mercury intrusion porosimetry
    • Details techniques for powder characterization of cementitious materials
    • Outlines the practical application of phase diagrams for hydrated cements

    Avoid common pitfalls by using A Practical Guide to Microstructural Analysis of Cementitious Materials. A one-of-a-kind reference providing the do’s and don’ts of cement chemistry, the book presents the latest research and development of characterisation techniques for cementitious materials, and serves as an invaluable resource for practicing professionals specializing in cement and concrete materials and other areas of cement and concrete technology.

    Sample Preparation
    Frank Winnefeld, Axel Schöler and Barbara Lothenbach
    Lars Wadsö, Frank Winnefeld, Kyle Riding and Paul Sandberg
    Characterization of Development of Cement Hydration Using Chemical Shrinkage
    Mette Geiker
    X-Ray Powder Diffraction
    Ruben Snellings
    Thermogravimetric Analysis
    Barbara Lothenbach, Pawel Durdzinski and Klaartje de Weerdt
    High-Resolution Solid-State Nuclear Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy of Portland Cement-Based Systems
    Jørgen Skibsted
    Proton Nuclear Magnetic Resonance Relaxometry
    Arnaud C. A. Muller, Jonathan Mitchell and Peter J. McDonald
    Electron Microscopy
    Karen Scrivener, Amélie Bazzoni, Berta Mota Gassó and John E. Rossen
    Mercury Intrusion Porosimetry
    E. Berodier, Julien Bizzozero and Arnaud C. A. Muller
    Laser Diffraction and Gas Adsorption Techniques
    Marta Palacios, M. Kazemi-Kamyab, S. Mantellato and P. Bowen
    Ternary Phase Diagrams Applied To Hydrated Cement
    Duncan Herfort and Barbara Lothenbach
    Glossary of Terms


    Karen Scrivener is professor of construction materials at École Polytechnique Fédérale de Lausanne, Switzerland. She is a former senior researcher of the Lafarge Research Center in Lyon and is a fellow of the Royal Academy of Engineering, of RILEM, and of the Institute of Materials, Minerals and Mining.

    Ruben Snellings is a researcher of the Sustainable Materials Management unit at VITO, the Flemish Institute for Technological Research in Belgium.

    Barbara Lothenbach is group leader of the Thermodynamic Modelling Group of the Laboratory for Concrete & Construction Chemistry at Empa, the Swiss Federal Institute for Materials Science & Technology.

    "If we want to develop a true science of Portland cement and concrete we must rely on reliable test methods. This is what this book does. …A must in any laboratory involved in Portland cement and concrete characterization."
    —Pierre-Claude Aïtcin, Professor Emeritus Université de Sherbrooke, Canada

    "The book is written on a high scientific level. … It incorporates all advanced testing techniques which are used in modern well-equipped laboratories."
    —Hans W. Reinhardt, Professor Emeritus University of Stuttgart, Germany

    "This book introduces detailed processes of micro-analyses which are useful for both researchers and practitioners. … The microstructural analysis of cementitious materials is being developed rapidly and is popular among industries and academia. The contents are very timely and can be expected to serve many engineers."
    —Koichi Maekawa, The University of Tokyo, Japan