A World of Difference
Encountering and Contesting Development
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Widely regarded as the authoritative text on development geography, this volume examines the nature and causes of global inequality and critically analyzes contemporary approaches to economic development across the third world. Students gain a deeper understanding of the interacting dynamics of culture, gender, race, and class; biophysical factors, such as climate, population, and natural resources; and economic and political processes—all of which have led to the present-day disparities between the first and third worlds. Numerous examples, sidebars, and figures illustrate how people in the Global South are experiencing and contesting the forces of globalization.
Table of Contents
I. Differentiated Ways of Knowing
2. Measuring, Describing, and Mapping Difference and Development
3. Knowing the Third World: Colonial Encounters
4. Knowing the Third World: The Development Decades
5. The Third World and Neoliberal Globalization
II. Differentiated Livelihoods and the Nonhuman World
6. Geographies of Population: Discourse and Politics
7. Contested Environments: The Entanglements of Environment, Development, and Globalization
8. Disease and Health
9. Uncertain Rains: The Atmospheric Energy Cycle and the Hydrologic Cycle
10. Other Challenges to Rural Livelihood: Soils, Vegetation, and Pests
11. Nature as Latitudinal Trickster: The Carbon Cycle and Plant Growth
12. The Management of Tropical and Subtropical Ecosystems: The Pokot of West Central Kenya—An Indigenous Knowledge System
III. Differentiated Social Relations Encountering Global Strategies
13. The Historical Geography of Colonialism and the Slave Trade
14. Colonialism as Spatial and Labor Control System
15. The End of Colonialism and the Promise of Free Trade
16. Trading Primary Commodities
17. Peripheral Industrialization: Paths and Strategies
18. The Earth's Crust as Resource
19. Urbanization, Migration, and Spatial Polarization
20. Transnational Production
21. Foreign Branch Plants and Economic Growth
22. Money and Global Finance Markets, with Bongman Seo
23. Borrowing Money: Aid, Debt, and Dependence, with Bongman Seo
24. Toward Different Worlds
Eric Sheppard is Regents Professor of Geography and Associate Director of the Interdisciplinary Center for the Study of Global Change, University of Minnesota. Among his awards are Distinguished Scholarship Honors, Association of American Geographers; Fellow, Center for Advanced Study in the Behavioral Sciences; Fesler-Lampert Professor in Public Humanities, University of Minnesota; and Scholar of the College of Liberal Arts, University of Minnesota. He is coauthor or coeditor of several books and over 100 articles.
Philip W. Porter is Professor Emeritus, University of Minnesota, where he taught geography from 1957 to 2000. He has specialized in African geography, with particular emphasis on livelihood systems and the biophysical environments in which they are pursued, as well as the political economies in which they are embedded. His first research was in Liberia and he subsequently did research in Kenya, Tanzania, and Uganda. He has taught courses dealing with third world development and underdevelopment. He has also had a research and teaching interest in cartography and remote sensing.
David R. Faust is the Librarian for South Asia at the Ames Library of South Asia, University of Minnesota. He has published articles on development politics, nongovernmental organizations, and the disjunctures related to English-medium education in India.
Richa Nagar is Professor of Gender, Women, and Sexuality Studies at the University of Minnesota. She is coauthor or coeditor of two prior books and has published articles on space and communal politics among South Asians in postcolonial Tanzania and the politics of empowerment in India.
-A magnificent achievement! A richly detailed yet highly accessible text for courses on globalization and development. The second edition synthesizes diverse perspectives on the inequalities that characterize the contemporary world, clearly laying out how approaches such as postcolonialism and political economy can help us understand global differences. The authors are to be congratulated for crafting a text that does not shy away from the immense complexities of the natural and social world, but presents them in ways that invite reflection. The examples, case studies, and striking graphics and photographs will help students connect global patterns and processes with local lives, including their own.--Susan M. Roberts, Department of Geography, University of KentuckyThe first edition of A World of Difference was a uniquely valuable volume that used the leitmotif of difference to present a comprehensive picture of the world's physical and social systems. In the second edition, this approach is given an added dimension by pairing the focus on difference with a focus on knowledge. The authors artfully weave these two themes together, providing readers with a profound understanding of the world in which they live.--Philip E. Steinberg, Department of Geography, Florida State UniversityA textbook of impressive scope. The authors bring to the fore the perspectives of those inhabiting subject positions, spaces, and scales that have historically been excluded. Richly illustrated, the book introduces students to the complexity of our world and examines the multiple, intersecting forces that shape lives, livelihoods, and possibilities for change. Ultimately, the text offers a hopeful analysis that takes careful account of how globalization and resistance are always worked out in specific contexts, rather than being dictated from on high.--Victoria A. Lawson, Department of Geography, University of WashingtonThis book is an invaluable resource not only for geographers, but for all who are interested in development and social change. Coverage ranges from colonial projects to corporate globalization, from local resource use to the politics of transnational investment, from theories of development to the social outcomes of actual development processes. Unlike those who claim that the world of globalization is 'flat,' Sheppard, Porter, Faust, and Nagar illuminate the historical and contemporary interconnections that make for a highly variegated and uneven global topography.--Jim Glassman, Department of Geography, University of British Columbia, CanadaA 600-plus-page epic tour-de-force of geographical and historical analysis of development discourse and data. Drawing on Marxist, feminist, and postmodern critiques of history, power, and knowledge, it takes the reader on a historical world tour of development ideas and concepts and keeps her questioning fundamental disciplinary assumptions right across the social sciences throughout....There is a wealth of information within the pages of this second edition, with over 50 sidebars, many of which go over numerous pages, more than 100 graphs and figures, a further 50 plus tables and maps, as well as many photographs and substantial quotes supporting the arguments throughout....Much of this data and information have been updated, which is invaluable to placing the arguments presented in the text within the recent context, and is a huge credit to the authors and publishers of the book.--The Canadian Geographer, 8/10/2009ƒƒA valuable work that historically traces how the unequal development of the world has been produced and accelerated by Western powers since the colonial era....With a new edition, one usually expects at most an update with new information and the addition of one or two new chapters. However, this book by far exceeds such an expectation....This intellectual work is highly important to fostering critical awareness of the world. The authors provide abundant concrete examples and explain complex theoretical points in simpler terms....This book is crucial to diagnosing the ills of our world of difference in terms of how the Third World has been reduced to a marginalized position and how the Western development model has been spread, enforced, and maintained as a monolithic template. This is the book's enduring value for radical geographers. A World of Difference allows us a means to teach critical insights about neoliberal globalization and developmentalism to our students, some of whom may dream of going to work for international organizations like the World Bank to help the Third World.--Human Geography, 8/10/2009ƒƒThis book is the second edition of an impressive organized collection of topics on development and globalization....This second edition expands the focus of analysis by adding two contributing authors, who provide other theoretical perspectives (feminist and postcolonial analyses) to the initial use of political economy. Hopefully this accessible and valuable book will inspire students to get firsthand experiences on development and the consequences of globalization in cities and villages of Asia, Africa, and Latin America and critically reflect on the consequences of development and globalization.--European Planning Studies, 8/10/2009