Absolute poverty causes about one third of all human deaths, some 18 million annually, and blights billions of lives with hunger and disease. Developing universalizable norms aimed at tackling absolute poverty and the complex and multilayered problems associated with it, this book considers the levels, trends and determinants of absolute poverty and global inequality. Examining whether much faster progress against absolute poverty is possible through reductions in national and global inequalities that produce economic growth for poor countries and households, this book suggests that diverse moral views imply that international agencies as well as the citizens, corporations and governments of affluent countries bear a moral responsibility to reduce absolute poverty. In considering strategies of eradication through specific policies and structural reforms it is argued that because of its moral importance and requirement for only modest efforts and resources, the goal of overcoming absolute poverty must be given much higher political priority by international agencies and governments of affluent countries. Suggesting that these agencies should be encouraged to facilitate and promote new initiatives, this book concludes with a discussion of how such initiatives might be realized.
Table of Contents
Contents: The Erfurt Manifesto. Common stance of all contributors; Commentary on the Erfurt manifesto. Introduction: justice for the poor - a global paradigm in progress and dispute, Elke Mack. Part 1 Poverty Data Under Scrutiny: Levels and trends in absolute poverty in the world: what we know and what we don't, Stephan Klasen; Identifying absolute global poverty in 2005: the measurement question, Michael Ward; How world poverty is measured and tracked, Thomas Pogge. Part 2 Christian Ethics on Justice and the Poor: Christian ethics and the challenge of absolute poverty, Clemens Sedmak; 'De iustitia in mundo' - global justice in the tradition of the social teaching of the Catholic church, Gerhard Kruip; Religions and global justice: reflections from an inter-cultural and inter-religious perspective, Johannes MÃ¼ller and Michael Reder. Part 3 Global Theories of Justice and Responsibility: On the concept of global justice, Peter Koller; Poverty and responsibility, Stefan Gosepath; Absolute poverty and global inequality, Darrel Moellendorf; Sufficientarianism: both international and intergenerational?, Lukas Meyer; The alleged dichotomy between positive and negative rights and duties, Elizabeth Ashford; Complicity in harmful action: contributing to world poverty and duties of care, Barbara Bleisch; Transnational political elites and their duties of the common good, Eike Bohlken; World poverty and moral free-riding: the obligations of those who profit from global injustice, Norbert Anwander. Part 4 Policies and Actions: Medicines for the world: boosting innovation without obstructing free access, Thomas Pogge; Not only ' a simple math equation': business organisations as agents for poverty reduction, Michael Schramm and Judit Seid; The role of corporate citizens in fighting poverty: an ordonomic approach to global justice, Ingo Pies and Stefan Hielscher; Global justice in the context of worldwide poverty and climate change, Johannes Wallacher. Conclusion: the paradox
Elke Mack is Professor of Christian Social Science at the Department of Christian Social Ethics, University of Erfurt, Germany. Michael Schramm is Professor at the Department of Catholic Theology and Business Ethics, University of Stuttgart-Hohenheim, Germany. Stephan Klasen is Professor at the Department of Development Economics, University of GÃ¶ttingen, Germany. Thomas Pogge is a German philosopher, currently Leitner Professor of Philosophy and International Affairs at Yale University, Professorial Fellow at the Centre for Applied Philosophy and Public Ethics at the Australian National University, Research Director in the Centre for the Study of Mind in Nature at the University of Oslo, and Adjunct Professor in the Centre for Professional Ethics at the University of Central Lancashire
'It is essential that theories of global justice are grounded in an adequate and critical assessment of global reality. This does not just refer to the reality of grave poverty and material inequality, but first and foremost to an account of social and economic relations that cause or support the status quo. This volume is exemplary in bringing normative and empirical perspectives together in order to ask what can and should be done for the sake of justice - and by whom.' Rainer Forst, Goethe-University Frankfurt am Main, Germany