Fast-paced, practical, and innovative, this text for pre-service and in-service teachers features clear, easily accessible lessons and professional development activities to improve the delivery of academic language/literacy education across the content areas in junior/middle school and high school classrooms. Numerous hands-on tools and techniques demonstrate the effectiveness of content-area instruction for students in a wide variety of school settings, particularly English language learners, struggling readers, and other special populations of students.
Based on a strong professional development model the authors have been instrumental in designing, Academic Language/Literacy Strategies for Adolescents addresses:
- attributes of academic language
- vocabulary: theory and practice
- reading skills development
- grammar and writing.
A wealth of charts, graphs, and lesson plans give clear examples of academic language/literacy strategies in action. The appendices – a key component of the practical applications developed in the text – include a glossary, exemplary lessons that address key content areas, and a Grammar Handbook.
In this era of increased accountability, coupled with rapid demographic change and challenges to traditional curricula and pedagogical methods, educators will find this book to be a great resource.
Table of Contents
CHAPTER 1 BACKGROUND
A short history of the term "Academic Language"
Instruction from an Academic Language perspective
Why should we teach Academic Language?
How this book can help
CHAPTER 2 MOTIVATION
The importance of motivation
Research on student motivation
Setting a purpose for learning: The anticipatory set
Active learning and hands-on activities
Modeling and guided practice
CHAPTER 3 ATTRIBUTES OF ACADEMIC LANGUAGE
Receptive and expressive language
Application of receptive and expressive strategies
Professional input and feedback for Academic Language literacy Instruction
CHAPTER 4 VOCABULARY: THEORY AND PRACTICE
Learning and acquisition: The importance of multiple exposures
Cognates, root words, and affixes
Personalizing and operationalizing vocabulary
Strategies for teaching vocabulary
A sample lesson
CHAPTER 5 READING SKILLS DEVELOPMENT
Importance of reading in the content areas
Research on reading and reading comprehension
Literacy and reading
Expository vs. narrative text
The phases of reading: Reading into, through, and beyond
Strategies for getting students "INTO" reading
Strategies for getting students "THROUGH" reading
Strategies for getting students "BEYOND" reading
Sample lesson Geometry proofs
CHAPTER 6 GRAMMAR & WRITING
The importance of grammar to language acquisition
How should grammar be taught?
Brick and mortar words
Why should content area teachers teach grammar?
Writing and Academic Language literacy
The relationship between verbal and written language
Student writing skills
Building the academic register for writing
Assessing writing in order to develop writing skills
Writing: "Into, through and beyond"
Activities that develop writing skills
Sample lesson: Three search paper on the Holocaust
CHAPTER 7 SUMMING UP
APPENDIX 1 Expressive and Receptive Language Strategies and Model Lesson Plan Format
APPENDIX 2 Sample Lesson Plans Including Expressive and Receptive language Prompts
Sample Lesson Plan 2.1 Sentence analysis and rephrasing (Earth Science)
Sample Lesson Plan 2.2 Using the text (Algebra)
Sample Lesson Plan 2.3 Classifying the elements (Chemistry)
Sample Lesson Plan 2.4 Using a science notebook (General Science)
Sample Lesson Plan 2.5 Stem-and-leaf plots (Graphing)
APPENDIX 3 Sample Lesson Plans Without Expressive and Receptive Language Prompts
Sample Lesson Plan 3.1: Unit Analysis (Math and Science)
Sample Lesson Plan 3.2: Word Problems(Math)
Sample Lesson Plan 3.3: Scientific Method (General Science/Biology)
Sample Lesson Plan 3.4: Linear Equalities in 2 Variables (Math)
Sample Lesson Plan 3.5: Intro to Relations and Functions (Math)
APPENDIX 4 Sample Writing Rubric
APPENDIX 5 List of Useful Websites for Math and Science
APPENDIX 6 Common Cognates
APPENDIX 7 Grammar Handbook
Debra L. Cook Hirai is Associate Professor, California State University Bakersfield, where she teaches Masters courses in the Education Bilingual Multicultural Program.
Irene Borrego is Associate Professor and BCLAD Coordinator at California State University Bakersfield, and a State of California School Assistance and Intervention Team member identified by the California State Department of Education.
Emilio Garza \is Assistant Professor, School of Education, California State University, Bakersfield, where he teaches in the Advanced Educational Studies Department.
Carl T. Kloock is in the Department of Biology at California State University Bakersfield, where he teaches courses for biology majors and integrated science for pre-professional teacher candidates.
"Attention, teachers of all content areas, here is a manual to help with your writing instruction....As a former middle school language arts teacher, this reviewer wishes that she had this book as a reference manual….Highly recommended."--CHOICE