Businesses are complex, and, as a result, teachers face a difficult task developing students' understanding of how they work, especially in the global context. Accounting for Business Studies helps teachers focus on modern commercial issues and integrates accounting into business and management studies.
This book includes:
* A business perspective rather than an accounting perspective
* e-business, including case studies
* Globalisation, including case studies
* Business skills, like interpretation, analysis and communication
* IT integrated into specific business situations
* Includes models such as Porter's Five Forces, Supply Chain, Product Life Cycle
Table of Contents
Introduction: Capital; Circuit of Capital; Capital and Profit; Circuit of Capital in Action; P & L Account; Balance Sheet; Definitions: Accounting Language; Accounting Framework; Supply Chain; Cash and Credit; Accounting Framework: Accounting Framework; Accounting Framework in Action; Trial Balance Format; Spreadsheet Format; Opening + Closing Balances; Loans and Interest; Two Sides of Accounting Transactions; Year End Adjustments: Stock, Purchases and Cost of Sales; Stock Adjustment in Action; Fixed Assets and Depreciation; Depreciation in Action; Acquisition of a Fixed Asset; Disposal of a Fixed Asset; Transfer of profit to Capital; Year End Adjustments in Spreadsheet; Trading and Profit and Loss Account and Balance Sheet: Formats; Presentation Points; Trading Account; Short Format; Service Sector; Manufacturing Sector; Trial Balance; P&L and Balance Sheet; P&L using the Spreadsheet Format; Frequently Asked Questions; P & L and Balance Sheet: Step by Step; Cash Flow: Keywords in Cash Flow; Net Cash Flow; Preparing a Cash Flow: Step by Step; Cash Flow in Action; Layout of a Cash Flow; Common Errors in Cash Flows; Difference Between Cash Flow and Profit; Start up Costs; Budgeting Process: Definition; Budget Process; Product Life Cycle; Factors in Setting the Sales Budget; Measuring Performance Against Budget; Functions of a Budget; Limiting Factor; Problems with Budgeting; Budgeting in Action; Budgeting in a Continuing Business; Budget Interpretation: Interpretation; Report Writing; Interpretation in Action; Ratios: Accounting Ratio Formula; Accounting Ratios in Action; What Accounting Ratios Mean; Uses of Accounting Ratios; Porter's Five Forces; Ratios and Porter's Five Forces Model; Links Between Ratios; Improving Ratios; Bad Debts and Discounts: Bad Debt Write Off; Specific Bad Debt Provision; General Bad Debt Provision; Bad Debt Recovered; Bad Debts in the Spreadsheet Format; Bad Debt and Risk; Liquidation and Bankruptcy; Discounts Allowed; Discounts Received; Discounts in the Spreadsheet Format; Other Write Offs; Other Accounting Adjustments (Accruals and Prepayments) Limited Companies and plc's: Risk; Types of Businesses; Starting a Limited Company; Taxation Dividends and Reserves; Types of Shares; plc formats; Formats in Action; Stock Market Ratios; Stock Market Ratios in Action; Groups Holding Companies and Subsidiaries; Financial Management: Sources of Finance; Managing Stock; Managing Debtors; Working Capital Cycle; Fixed Assets and Intellectual Property; Breakeven: Fixed and Variable Costs; Fixed Costs and Risk; Calculating Break even and Margin of Safety; Breakeven in Action; Breakeven Graph Step by Step; Interpretation; Uses of Breakeven; Ways to Reduce Breakeven; Problems With Breakeven Analysis; Key words Summary; Costing: Production and Service Departments; Allocation and Apportionment; Product Costing; Product Costing Step by Step; Layout and Presentation; Product Costing In Action; Another Example; Complications and Issues; Key Words Summary; Activity Based Costing: Flexible Manufacturing; Problems with traditional costing; Mechanics of an ABC System; Purchasing Case Study; Personnel Department Case Study; Advantages and Disadvantages of ABC; Key Words Summary; e-business: The Business Model; Raising Finance (Venture Capital); Getting To Profit; Ratio Analysis; Breakeven; Strategies; International Business: International Capital Markets; Exchange Rates; Converting Foreign Currencies; Converting P&L Account (Income Statement); Converting Balance Sheet (Position Statement); Conversion in Action; Forms of Foreign Investment; Key Words; Decision Making: Discounted Cash Flow; Internal Rate of Return and Payback; Conclusions & Summary: Applying accounting techniques; Risk, Tips for Running a Successful Business; Creative Accounting; Discounted Cash Flow; Management Disciplines; Further reading.