Modernity tends to be considered a mostly Western, chronologically recent concept. Looking at locations in Brazil, Java, India, Georgia, and Yugoslavia, among others, Across Space and Time provides architectural and cultural evidence that modernity has had an impact across the globe and for much longer than previously conceived. This volume moves through space and time to illustrate the way global modernity has been negotiated through architecture, urban planning, design pedagogies, preservation, and art history in diverse locations around the world. Bringing together emerging and established architecture and art history scholars, each chapter focuses on a particular site where modernity was defined, challenged, or reinterpreted. The contributors examine how architectures, landscapes, and design thinking influence and are influenced by conflicts between cultural, economic, technological, and political forces. By invoking well-researched histories to ground their work in a post-colonial critique, they closely examine many prevailing myths of modernity. Notable topics include emerging architectural history in the Indian subcontinent and the connection between climate change and architecture. Ultimately, Across Space and Time contributes to the ongoing critique of architecture and its history, both as a discipline and within the academy. The authors insist that architecture is more than a style. It is a powerful expression of representational power that reveals how a society negotiates its progress.
Table of Contents
1. Identity Tectonics: Contested Modernities of Java and Bali 2. Carceral Capital: The Prison Industrial Complex in Colonial India 3. The City as Business Plan: Baťa from Batangar to the Calcutta Riverside 4. Sir John Summerson and the Art of Modern Storytelling: Radio, Architecture, and Democratic Culture 5. Drawing Out a Modern Point of View: Projecting Architecture through Simultaneity, Abstraction, Dissection, and Montage 6. A Found “Desert” and an Imagined “Garden”: Modernity, Landscapes, and Architecture in Southern Georgia’s Longleaf Pine Forest, 1865–1920 7. “Houses Will Be Built Everywhere”: Modernity and Urban Space in the Press, Minas Gerais, Brazil, 1884–1914 8. Le Corbusier, Architecture, and Eugenics: From France to Brazil and Back 9. Expressions of Political Power: Case del fascio, Modernism, and Vernacular Traditions 10. Zoning and the Controlled Space of Modernity 11. Held in Suspension: Competing Discourses on Urban Modernity in 1960s Slovenia, Yugoslavia 12. The Triconch and Stibadium in Late Roman and Early Christian Architecture: A Consideration of Assertions of Modernity 13. When Art History Was Global: Helen Gardner’s Art through the Ages in 1948 14. The Politics of Architecture and History in the Anthropocene