Action and Ethics in Aristotle and Hegel: Escaping the Malign Influence of Kant, 1st Edition (Paperback) book cover

Action and Ethics in Aristotle and Hegel

Escaping the Malign Influence of Kant, 1st Edition

By Gary Pendlebury

Routledge

222 pages

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Paperback: 9781138266339
pub: 2017-05-16
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Description

Pendlebury alleges that abstraction and rationalization have had a strong and malign influence on normative moral philosophy in the 20th century. Criticizing writers such as Hare, Rawls and Scanlon for pursuing a conception of moral philosophy that bears little resemblance to the way in which human beings actually think and conduct themselves, Pendlebury, instead, suggests a ’Virtue Ethics’ inspired by Hegel’s and Aristotle’s accounts of action as a corrective to this trend, showing that moral activity is historically and socially based and must address the formed character of individual agents. This trend, which began with the responses by Locke, Hume and Kant to Descartes’ Meditations, rendered moral philosophy individualistic and psychologistic in contrast to Aristotle and Hegel’s claim that man is essentially a social creature. Pendlebury argues that this should be the starting point of any account and understanding of morality which roots the concept of will in the practical activity involved in being a member of an ethical community rather than an abstract metaphysical entity that is supposedly in the possession of individuals. In providing a critique of modern moral philosophy from this perspective, Pendlebury’s line of enquiry lends much support to ’Virtue Ethics’ as exemplified in the work of Hursthouse and Slote, while taking a more combative approach with those with whom he disputes. In doing so he shows that serious considerations of continental philosophy highlights the richness of moral activity absent from ’analytical’ tradition which for so long has been bent on marginalizing it.

Reviews

’Throwing light on significant elements of Hegel's ethics which have until recently been poorly understood, Pendlebury's book is a welcome addition to the literature on desire and agency. Not only students of Aristotle and Hegel but also anyone interested in these issues will find much that is valuable in the book.’ Ethics

Table of Contents

Contents: Preface; Introduction. Part One Hegel on Philosophy, Ethics and Will: Modern philosophy and ethics; Ethics and the individual: law, reason and freedom; Will, ethics and action. Part Two Aristotle and Hegel on the Conditions of Action: Reason and desire in character and action; Judgement, conscience and weakness of will; Agency, choice and self-sufficiency; Eudaimonia and action. Conclusion; Bibliography; Index.

About the Author

Dr Gary Pendlebury is Associate Lecturer of Philosophy for the Open University in the East Midlands, UK.

About the Series

Ashgate New Critical Thinking in Philosophy

Ashgate New Critical Thinking in Philosophy
The Ashgate New Critical Thinking in Philosophy series brings high quality research monograph publishing into focus for authors, the international library market, and student, academic and research readers. Headed by an international editorial advisory board of acclaimed scholars from across the philosophical spectrum, this monograph series presents cutting-edge research from established as well as exciting new authors in the field. Spanning the breadth of philosophy and related disciplinary and interdisciplinary perspectives Ashgate New Critical Thinking in Philosophy takes contemporary philosophical research into new directions and debate.

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Subject Categories

BISAC Subject Codes/Headings:
PHI000000
PHILOSOPHY / General
PHI002000
PHILOSOPHY / History & Surveys / Ancient & Classical