Advanced Nutrition: Macronutrients, Micronutrients, and Metabolism, Second Edition, 2nd Edition (Paperback) book cover

Advanced Nutrition

Macronutrients, Micronutrients, and Metabolism, Second Edition, 2nd Edition

By Carolyn D. Berdanier, Lynnette A. Berdanier

CRC Press

608 pages | 138 B/W Illus.

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Description

Expanded and updated, the new edition of Advanced Nutrition: Macronutrients, Micronutrients, and Metabolism continues in the tradition of its predecessor, serving as an essential textbook for advanced undergraduate and first-year graduate students studying human nutrition.

The book incorporates fundamental concepts in nutrition science—while also acknowledging the contributions made by other sciences such as biochemistry, genetics, and physiology—in order to help us understand why specific nutrients are required. It provides comprehensive coverage of both macro and micronutrients, emphasizing each nutrient’s description, absorption, use, and excretion.

Highlights of the Second Edition include

  • Chapters addressing exercise, obesity, starvation, and trauma
  • Updates with respect to nutrigenomics and nutrient-gene interactions within specific topics
  • Expansion of the aging effects with regard to life cycle and nutrient-specific chapters
  • Nutrition requirement comparisons among different species and animal models for human diseases
  • The chemistry and physiology of each essential nutrient and its integration in the body
  • Chapter summaries, case studies, problem-solving activities, and critical thinking questions
  • Web addresses and expansion and updating of the reference lists at the end of each chapter

Ancillary material designed to enhance the teaching experience is provided for instructors on PowerPoint® slides.

Table of Contents

Energy

Definition

How Is Energy Measured?

Energy Intake

Energy Need

Energy Equation

Energy Terminology

Energy Retained

Energetic Efficiency

Utilizable Energy

Thermogenesis

Summary

Learning Opportunities

Multiple-Choice Questions

References

Negative Energy Balance

Set-Point Theory in Body Weight Regulation

Abnormal Energy States

Recovery from Malnutrition and Starvation

Trauma and Energy Needs

Voluntary Starvation: Anorexia Nervosa and Bulimia

Abnormal Appetite: Pica

Summary

Learning Opportunities

Multiple-Choice Questions

References

Positive Energy Balance

Obesity

Summary

Learning Opportunities

Multiple-Choice Questions

References

Regulation of Food Intake

Psychological Aspects of Food Intake

Physiological Aspects of Food Intake

Neuronal Signals for Hunger and Satiety

Summary

Learning Opportunities

Multiple-Choice Questions

References

Exercise

Definitions

Minimum Physical Activity Recommendations

Exercise and Nutrient Needs

Elite Athletes

Aging and Exercise

Summary

Learning Opportunities

References

Cell Cycle, Life Cycle

Cell Structure and Function

Receptors

Signal Systems

Cell Differentiation

Apoptosis

Life Cycle

Growth and Development

Conception to Birth

Birth to Childhood

Childhood and Adolescence

Maturity

Aging (Senescence)

Summary

Learning Opportunities

Self-Study Your Nutritional Status

Multiple-Choice Questions

References

Nutrigenomics

Genes

Gene Expression

Transcription

Translation

Genetic Diseases of Interest to Nutrition

Summary

Learning Opportunities

Problem Solving

Multiple-Choice Questions

References

Protein

Amino Acids

Protein Structure

Protein Denaturation

Classification of Proteins

Protein Analysis

Biological Value of Dietary Protein

Protein Use

Functions of Proteins

Protein Turnover

Protein Degradation

Protein Intake Recommendations

Protein and Amino Acid Interactions with Other Nutrients

Vegetarian Diets

Renal Disease

Integration of the Metabolic Features of Protein Nutrition

Summary

Learning Opportunities

Multiple-Choice Questions

References

Carbohydrates

Classification

Structure and Nomenclature

Digestion and Absorption

Metabolism

Abnormalities in the Regulation of Glucose Homeostasis: Diabetes Mellitus

Mutations Associated with Type 2 Diabetes

Other Health Concerns in Carbohydrate Nutrition

Carbohydrate Needs

Summary

Learning Opportunities

Multiple-Choice Questions

References

Lipids

Classification

Structure and Nomenclature

Sources of Lipids

Digestion and Absorption

Transport

Endogenous Lipid Transport

Genetic Basis for Lipoproteinemia

Defects in Exogenous Fat Transport

Diet Effects on Serum Lipids

Nutrient-Gene Interactions in Lipid Transport

Function

Fatty Acid Auto-Oxidation

Fatty Acid Auto-Oxidation and the Inflammation Cascade

Cancer and Dietary Fat

Other Diseases

Summary

Learning Opportunities

Multiple-Choice Questions

References

Fat-Soluble Vitamins

Vitamin A

Vitamin D

Vitamin E

Vitamin K

Summary

Learning Opportunities

Analysis and Problem Solving

Multiple-Choice Questions

References

Water-Soluble Vitamins

Ascorbic Acid

Thiamin

Riboflavin

Niacin, or Nicotinic Acid

Pyridoxine

Pantothenic Acid

Biotin

Folic Acid

Vitamin B

Carnitine

Choline

Inositol

Other Compounds That May or May Not Be Vitamins

Summary

Learning Opportunities

Multiple-Choice Questions

References

Macrominerals

Sodium

Potassium

Chloride

Calcium

Phosphorus

Magnesium

Summary

Learning Opportunities

Multiple-Choice Questions

References

Trace Minerals

Essential Microminerals

Trace Mineral Toxicity

Antagonisms and Interactions among Trace Minerals

Iron

Zinc

Copper

Selenium

Iodine (Iodide)

Molybdenum

Manganese

Cobalt

Other Minerals

Summary

Learning Opportunities

Multiple-Choice Questions

References

Appendix A

Glossary

Index

About the Authors

Carolyn D. Berdanieris a professor emerita of nutrition at the University of Georgia in Athens, Georgia. She earned her BS from Pennsylvania State University, University Park, Pennsylvania, and MS and PhD from Rutgers University, Piscataway, New Jersey. She served as department head of Foods and Nutrition at the University of Georgia for 11 years before stepping down from this position to resume full-time research and teaching with a special interest in diabetes. Her research has been funded by a variety of funding agencies.

Lynnette A. Berdanieris a lecturer in the Department of Biology at the University of North Georgia, Gainesville, Georgia. She teaches biology as well as anatomy, physiology, and medical microbiology. She earned her BS from the University of Nebraska, Kearney, Nebraska, and MS in physiology at the University of Georgia, Athens, Georgia. She served as a lecturer at Athens Technical College and at North Georgia College in Dahlonega prior to moving to her current position at the University of North Georgia in Gainesville, Georgia.

Subject Categories

BISAC Subject Codes/Headings:
MED060000
MEDICAL / Nutrition
TEC012000
TECHNOLOGY & ENGINEERING / Food Science