Advanced Nutrition: Micronutrients, a continuation of the first Advanced Nutrition text on macronutrients, focuses on how vitamins and minerals operate at the genomic level. It reflects the major research endeavors by nutrition scientists throughout the world in studying nutrient-gene, nutrient-nutrient, and nutrient-drug interactions. The book is organized in units-ideal for advanced undergraduate and graduate-level courses-as well as for research. Unit 1 provides an overview of the effects of micronutrients on human health. Unit 2 discusses the integration of functional aspects of vitamins and minerals. The next three units, fat-soluble vitamins, water-soluble vitamins, and other organic nutrients, provide important data such as:
Table of Contents
Unit 1. Micronutrients, Human Health and Well Being, I. Overview, II. Assessment, III. Factors Affecting Micronutrient Needs, Unit 2. Integration of the Functional Aspects of Vitamins and Minerals, I. Overview, II. The Role of Micronutrients in Gene Expression, III. Synthesis of Purines and Pyrimidines, IV. Micronutrients as Stabilizers, Supplemental Readings, Unit 3. Fat-Soluble Vitamins, I. Vitamin A, A. Structure and Nomenclature, B. Chemical Properties, C. Biopotency, D. Sources, E. Metabolism of Vitamin A, 1. Absorption, 2. Transpor, 3. Degradation and Excretion, F. Functions of Vitamin A, 1. Protein Synthesis, 2. Reproduction and Growth, 3. Vision, G. Hypervitaminosis A, H. Recommended Dietary Allowances, II. Vitamin D, A. Overview, B. Structure and Nomenclature, C. Physical and Chemical Properties, D. Biopotency, F. International Units (IU), G. Metabolism of Vitamin D, 1. Absorption, 2. Transport, 3. Metabolism, 4. Function, a. Regulation of Serum Calcium Levels, b. Mode of Action at the Genomic Level, H. Vitamin D Deficiency, I. Hypervitaminosis, J. Recommended Dietary Allowances, III. Vitamin E, A. Overview, B. Structure and Nomenclature, C. International Units and Methods of Analysis, D. Chemical and Physical Properties, E. Sources, F. Metabolism, 1. Absorption and Transport, 2. Intracellular Transport and Storage, 3. Catabolism and Excretion, 4. Function, G. Hypervitaminosis E, H. Deficiency, I. Recommended Dietary Allowance, IV. Vitamin K, A. Overview, B. Structure and Nomenclature, C. Biopotency, D. Chemical and Physical Properties, E. Chemical Assays, F. Bioassays, G. Biosynthesis, H. Antagonists, Antivitamins, I. Sources, J. Absorption, K. Metabolism and Function, L. Deficiency, M. Recommended Dietary Allowance, Supplemental Readings, Unit 4. Water-Soluble Vitamins, I. Ascorbic Acid, A. Overview, B. Structure, Physical and Chemical Properties, C. Sources, D. Absorption, Metabolism, E. Distribution, F. Function, G. Deficiency, H. Toxicity, I. Recommend
Carolyn D. Berdanier, Ph.D., is a Professor of Nutrition at the University of Georgia in Athens, Georgia. She received a B.S. degree from The Pennsylvania State University and M.S. and Ph.D. degrees from Rutgers University in Nutrition in 1966. After a post-doctoral fellowship year with Dr. Paul Griminger at Rutgers, she served as a Research Nutritionist with the Human Nutrition Institute which is part of ARS, a unit of the U.S. Department of Agriculture. In 1975 she moved to the University of Nebraska College of Medicine where she continued her research in nutrient gene interactions. In 1977 she moved to the University of Georgia where she served as Head of the Department of Foods and Nutrition. She stepped down from this post ten years later and devoted her full time efforts to research and teaching in her research area. Her research on the diet and genetic components of diabetes and vascular disease has been supported by NIH, USDA, U.S. Department of Commerce, The National Livestock and Meat Board, and the Egg Board. She is a member of the American Institute of Nutrition, the American Society for Clinical Nutrition, The Society for Experimental Biology and Medicine, American Diabetes Association, and several honorary societies in science. She has served on the Editorial Boards of the FASEB Journal, The Journal of Nutrition, and Nutrition Research and Biochemistry Archives. She has also served as a Contributing Editor for Nutrition Reviews and Editor of the AIN News Notes. Current research interests include studies on aging, the role of diet in damage to mitochondrial DNA, and the role of specific dietary ingredients in the secondary complications of diabetes.