1st Edition

# Advances in Engineering Materials, Structures and Systems: Innovations, Mechanics and Applications Proceedings of the 7th International Conference on Structural Engineering, Mechanics and Computation (SEMC 2019), September 2-4, 2019, Cape Town, South Africa

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**Advances in Engineering Materials, Structures and Systems: Innovations, Mechanics and Applications** comprises 411 papers that were presented at SEMC 2019, the Seventh International Conference on Structural Engineering, Mechanics and Computation, held in Cape Town, South Africa, from 2 to 4 September 2019. The subject matter reflects the broad scope of SEMC conferences, and covers a wide variety of engineering materials (both traditional and innovative) and many types of structures.

The many topics featured in these Proceedings can be classified into six broad categories that deal with: (i) the mechanics of materials and fluids (elasticity, plasticity, flow through porous media, fluid dynamics, fracture, fatigue, damage, delamination, corrosion, bond, creep, shrinkage, etc); (ii) the mechanics of structures and systems (structural dynamics, vibration, seismic response, soil-structure interaction, fluid-structure interaction, response to blast and impact, response to fire, structural stability, buckling, collapse behaviour); (iii) the numerical modelling and experimental testing of materials and structures (numerical methods, simulation techniques, multi-scale modelling, computational modelling, laboratory testing, field testing, experimental measurements); (iv) innovations and special structures (nanostructures, adaptive structures, smart structures, composite structures, bio-inspired structures, shell structures, membranes, space structures, lightweight structures, long-span structures, tall buildings, wind turbines, etc); (v) design in traditional engineering materials (steel, concrete, steel-concrete composite, aluminium, masonry, timber, glass); (vi) the process of structural engineering (conceptualisation, planning, analysis, design, optimization, construction, assembly, manufacture, testing, maintenance, monitoring, assessment, repair, strengthening, retrofitting, decommissioning).

The SEMC 2019 Proceedings will be of interest to civil, structural, mechanical, marine and aerospace engineers. Researchers, developers, practitioners and academics in these disciplines will find them useful. Two versions of the papers are available. Short versions, intended to be concise but self-contained summaries of the full papers, are in this printed book. The full versions of the papers are in the e-book.

1. Keynotes

Recent developments in cold-formed steel structures *B. Young*

Advancing frontiers in finite element procedures *K.J. Bathe*

Using fabric to shape appropriate FRP-reinforced concrete structures *K.Z. Kostova, T.J. Ibell, A.P. Darby & M.C. Evernden*

Application, behaviour and design of high performance steel-concrete composite structures *B. Uy*

2. Dynamic analysis, vibration response, vibration control, environmental vibrations, human-induced vibrations

A surrogate model for vibration transmission in layered soil *L.V. Andersen, P. Bucinskas, P. Nguyen, L. Manuel & P. Persson*

An efficient semi-analytical procedure for assessing aeolian vibrations of overhead transmission lines *C. Gazzola, F. Foti, L. Martinelli & F. Perotti*

On the analysis of passive vibration mitigation of nose landing gears*M. Rahmani & K. Behdinan*

An iterative linear matrix inequality controller-design strategy for H∞ structural vibration control *F. Palacios-Quiñonero, J. Rubió-Massegú, J.M. Rossell & H.R. Karimi*

Inhomogeneous beam-like models for the dynamic analysis of multistorey buildings *A. Greco, I. Fiore, S. Caddemi, I. Caliò & G. Occhipinti*

Influence of damping effect on the dynamic response of plate *L. Borkowski*

FEM modeling of different factors affecting the cross wind direction vibrations of a tall building steel spire *M.D. Gajewski, R.B. Szczerba, M.A. Gizejowski, M. Siennicki & S.Wierzbicki*

Dynamic analysis of unbalanced rotary machine support structures considering the effect of loading on the geometric stiffness *R.M.L.R.F. Brasil*

Hybrid approach for the assessment of vibrations and re-radiated noise in buildings due to railway traffic: Concept and preliminary validation *P. Alves Costa, R. Arcos, P. Soares &A. Colaço*

Evaluating the effect of vibration isolation mats on train-induced ground vibrations *J. Malmborg, K. Persson & P. Persson*

Analysis of vibrations on the historical structures induced by technical seismicity *Sh. Urushadze, M. Pirner & J. Bayer*

Ground-borne vibrations induced by pile driving: Prediction based on numerical approach *C. Mont’Alverne Parente, P. Alves Costa &A. Silva Cardoso*

Offshore pile driving noise: Capability of numerical prediction models and ways to consider new technologies *S. Lippert & O. von Estorff*

Dynamic structure response using surrogate models *P. Bucinskas & L.V. Andersen*

Surrogate models for the prediction of SFSI relevance in earthquake-induced vibrations of buildings: A case study *L. de Sanctis, P. Franchin, M. Iovino & F. Noto*

A surrogate model to describe uncertainties in wood floor modal frequencies *H.U. Lim, L. Manuel, P. Persson & L.V. Andersen*

Influence of uncertain parameters on modal properties of wood floors *P. Persson, C. Frier, L. Pedersen, L.V. Andersen & L. Manuel*

Human induced vibration of staircases: Measurements and analysis *I. Kraincanic &A. Sparkes*

Dynamic analysis of a steel footbridge under running pedestrians *M.G. Mulas, M. Pisani, F. Beeckmans & P. Latteur*

Serviceability assessment of a pedestrian bridge: Concrete vs. GFRP composite deck *I.J. Drygala, J.M. Dulinska & R. Ciura*

3. Seismic response, seismic analysis, earthquake-resistant design

A new perspective on seismic Intensity Measures (IMs) *M. Grigoriu*

Control of dynamic collapse mechanism of double layer truss walls by means of fuse type connections subjected to earthquake motion *K. Ishikawa*

A rational methodology for the design of linked compound shear walls in tall buildings in high-seismic regions *G. Vannini, F. Bazzucchi, G.A. Ferro, D. Shook, N.J. Mathias & M. Sarkisian*

A frame structure with elastically embedded diaphragms for regions with increased seismicity *J.Witzany, R. Zigler, T. Cˇejka, A. Polák & D. Makovicˇka*

The influence of spatial variations of mass eccentricities on the earthquake induced torsion in buildings *G.K. Georgoussis, A. Mamou & M.T. Kyrkos*

The effect of the rupture distance of the earthquake on the seismic response of wind turbine support towers *J.Wang, A.J. Sadowski &A. Camara*

Numerical prediction of out-of-plane instability in RC walls subject to in-plane cyclic loading *F. Dashti, R.P. Dhakal & S. Pampanin*

Experimental evaluation of CFS braced-truss shear wall under cyclic loading *S. Shafaei, H.R. Ronagh & N. Usefi*

Effect of shear modulus and shape factor on the performance of prototype un-bonded fibre reinforced elastomeric isolators *T.V. Ngo, S.K. Deb &A. Dutta*

Evaluation of FEMA P-58 overturning fragility curves for freestanding building components *A. Lucchini, O. AlShawa & L. Sorrentino*

The ‘skeleton curve’ as a tool for seismic risk analyses of buildings *F. Braga & C. Picchi*

Seismic assessment of a U-beam composite material footbridge under earthquake sequence *I.J. Drygala & M.A. Polak*

Benefits of submodeling in dynamic analysis of an integral bridge *P. Boron, J. Dulinska & D. Jasinska*

The analysis of damage evolution in a gravity dam under a seismic shock *P. Boron, J. Dulinska, D. Jasinska & M. Torba*

A case study for sloshing phenomenon in a cylindrical tank under seismic events: Numerical modeling and comparison with current regulations *G. Buccino, C. Guerini & F. Perotti*

Seismic behaviour of Gothic transversal arcades: A preliminary parametric investigation *G. De Matteis, D. Cacace, M. Zizi & J. Rouhi*

4. Material modelling, multi-scale modelling, porous media, composite materials, functionally graded materials

Modelling of nonlinear concrete behaviour – microplane and phase-field approaches *C. Steinke, I. Zreid & M. Kaliske*

Two-scale modelling of reinforced concrete deep beams: Choice of unit cell and comparison with single-scale modelling *A. Sciegaj &A. Mathern*

A multiphase material model considering strain-induced crystallisation in polymers *K. Loos, A. Lion, M. Johlitz & J. Calipel*

Bloch-based and homogenization procedures for investigating wave propagation periodic poroelastic structures *V.-H. Nguyen, E. Rohan & S. Naili*

On the simulation of fracking processes in porous media by use of a phase-field approach *W. Ehlers & C. Luo*

Hydrogels – a macroscopic approach based on microscopic physics *K. Keller, T. Ricken &T.Wallmersperger*

Modelling the flexoelectric effect in solids *A. McBride, D. Davydov & P. Steinmann*

A finite element formulation for freezing and thawing processes of ice within the framework of the TPM *A. Schwarz, J. Bluhm & J. Schröder*

Comparative study on time-integrator schemes in a least-squares sea ice finite element formulation *C. Nisters, J. Schröder, R. Niekamp &T. Ricken*

Development of a thermodynamically consistent model towards biogeochemical processes within Antarctic sea ice microstructure within the extended Theory of Porous Media (eTPM) *A. Thom &T. Ricken*

Transition of the variational sensitivity analysis to polymorphic uncertainty quantification to soil investigations *C. Henning &T. Ricken*

A multiscale and multiphase model for the description of function-perfusion processes in the human liver *L. Lambers, T. Ricken & M. König*

A hyperelastic biphasic fiber reinforced model of articular cartilage incorporating the influences of osmotic pressure and damage *F. Egli, T. Ricken, X.Wang & D.M. Pierce*

Nonlocal simulation of failure evolution with MD and MPM: A case study *Z. Chen, Y. Su, J. Tao & F.M. Pfeiffer*

3D truss model for large deformations and large strains: Nonlinear formulation and continuum mechanical aspects *W. Guggenberger & B. Krenn*

Invariant-free hyperelasticity using a fourth-order structural tensor approach *D.J. O’Shea, M.M. Attard & D.C. Kellermann*

Vibration analysis of stochastic open-cell foam *K.Weinberg & L. Bogunia*

Novel vistas on the foundations of peridynamics *P. Steinmann, A. McBride &A. Javili*

A semi-analytical method of solution of contact problems on indentation of coated elastic and electroelastic piezoelectric solids *A.S. Vasiliev, S.S. Volkov & S.M. Aizikovich*

On nonlinear thermo-magneto-electro-elasticity and FE analysis of magneto-electro-elastic structures *R. Schmidt, M.N. Rao & K.-U. Schröder*

Computational modelling of the dynamics of sea ice in the Antarctic marginal ice zone *R. Marquart, A. Bogaers, M. Vichi, K. MacHutchon, J. Schröder & S. Skatulla*

A review on modelling of brine transport mechanisms in sea ice *A.D. Cook, S. Skatulla, K. MacHutchon, T. Ricken & J. Schröder*

A rational framework for dynamic homogenization at finite wavelengths and frequencies *B.B. Guzina, S. Meng & O. Oudghiri-Idrissi*

5. Micromechanics of advanced materials and processes, manufacturing processes, assembly processes

Deformation characteristics in 6H silicon carbide – effects of length scale and irradiation *D.Z. Zhang, L.G. Zhao, A. Roy &Y.-L. Chiu*

Modelling the temperature and strain-rate effects of extruded magnesium alloy accounting for deformation slip and twinning *R. Zhou, A. Roy &V.V. Silberschmidt*

Plastic deformation micro-mechanisms in magnesium and its alloys *J.Wu, S. Si, U. Ghori &Y.L. Chiu*

Mapping high temperature strain localisation in steel weldments using digital image correlation *R. Curry, R.D. Knutsen & K. Singh*

Initiation and growth of short cracks in a nickel-based single crystal superalloy *L. Zhang, L.G. Zhao, A. Roy, V.V. Silberschmidt & G. McColvin*

Optimising the performance of interference-fitted work rolls *J.D. Booker & M.D. McMillan*

Improved structural mechanics simulation by considering residual stress and strain properties from metal forming simulation *D. Ulrich, H. Binz, R. Meissner, M. Liewald &A. Dietrich*

Stochastic modelling of the cold forming process *J.D. Booker & J.Woodhead*

Vibration-assisted robotic machining in advanced materials *K.H. Pang, D.Wang, A. Roy, I. Redman, M. Castelli, J. Dunleavey, D. Dawson, L. Parkinson, K. Lindsey & M. Lidgett*

Relation between part curvature and warpage in injection molding process *M. Szostak, P. Poszwa, I. Gontariew & P. Brze˛k*

Influence of material properties on spontaneous buckling of thin-walled injection molded parts *P. Poszwa, I. Gontariew, M. Szostak & P. Brze˛k*

3-D-printing with steel: Additive manufacturing of connection elements *T. Feucht & J. Lange*

The influence of material temperature on the in-print strength and stability of a 3D print mortar *F.P. Bos, R.J.M.Wolfs, Z.Y. Ahmed, L.J. Hermens &T.A.M. Salet*

FEM modelling of digitally printed concrete structures using 3D extrusion *L. Jendele, J. Cervenka & M. Vaitova*

Modelling crack-tip behaviour in a directionally solidified nickel alloy under fatigue-oxidation conditions *R.J. Kashinga, L.G. Zhao &V.V. Silberschmidt*

Evaluation of the adhesive bonding of aluminum alloys produced by Hot Form Quenching for automotive applications *F. Sun, C.I. Pruncu, J. Jiang, B.R.K. Blackman & J. Lin*

6. Composite structures, laminated structures, sandwich structures

Finite element modeling of CFRP fuselage panels under high velocity transverse impact loading *F. Fonseca, A.P.C. Duarte & N. Silvestre*

From buckliphobes to buckliphiles: Recent developments in exploiting positive virtues of instability *M.A.Wadee, A.T.M. Phillips &A. Bekele*

Optimal location of active piezoelectric sensors and actuators for noise reduction in composite sandwich panels *A.L. Araújo, J.F.A. Madeira &A.J.M. Ferreira*

Multiscale nanocomposites and laminates reinforced by carbon nanotubes and fibres *M. Zeeman & S. Adali*

A similarity transformation leading to an exact transfer matrix for the composite beam-column with refined zigzag kinematics: A benchmark example *K. Nachbagauer & H.Wimmer*

Compressive behaviour of carbon fibre reinforced thermoplastic lattice structures *B. Aryal, H.Wang, K. Shankar, E.V. Morozov & P.J. Hazell*

Axial and flexural behaviour of elastic nano-beams by stress-driven two-phase elasticity *R. Barretta & F. Marotti de Sciarra*

Multilayer composite beam-column with refined zigzag kinematics resting on variable two-parameter foundation *H.Wimmer & K. Nachbagauer*

Design and multi-objective optimization of a composite impact attenuator for a Formula Student car *J.M.P.B.C. Castro, A.L. Araújo & J.F.A. Madeira*

Isotropic and orthotropic parameter identification from full field bulge inflation tests on PVC-coated polyester *C.F. Jekel, R.T. Haftka, M.P. Venter & G. Venter*

Flexural response of composite fibre cement sheeting-cementitious polystyrene sandwich panels *D. Makweche & M. Dundu*

Nonlinear static FE-analysis of smart piezolaminated FGM shells at finite rotations *R. Schmidt, M.N. Rao & K.-U. Schröder*

7. Numerical schemes, numerical simulations, computing, finite element modelling, finite element analysis

Simulation of buoyancy-driven fracture propagation using the displacement discontinuity boundary element method *J.A.L. Napier & E. Detournay*

Chances of real-time simulation in FE analyses with conventional hardware *M.W. Zehn & D. Marinkovic*

Evaluating artificial neural networks and quantum computing for solving mechanical boundary value problems *A. Mielke &T. Ricken*

An efficient Latin hypercube sampling for probabilistic nonlinear finite element analysis of reinforced concrete structures *N.L. Tran, C.-A. Graubner & G. Rombach*

Finite element analysis of concrete members reinforced with GFRP reinforcements *R. Barrage, G.J. Milligan & M.A. Polak*

Numerical simulation of carbon reinforced concrete structures and uncertain data *W. Graf, F. Leichsenring, D. Konopka & M. Kaliske*

A 3D beam element to study torsion of steel open sections exposed to fire *L. Possidente, N. Tondini & J.-M. Battini*

Friction moments of ball joint supports used in structural test rigs subjected to cyclic loading *M. Rosemeier, T. Gebauer, C. Lester & M. Bätge*

8. Damage mechanics, damage modelling, fracture, fatigue

Prediction of the initial fatigue crack location of automatically welded tubular joints for jacket support structures *P. Schaumann, K. Schürmann, A. Pittner & M. Rethmeier*

FE modeling of fracture in quasi-brittle material *M.A. Scamardo, A. Franchi & P.G. Crespi*

Virtual testing of plasticity effects on fatigue crack initiation *M. Mlikota & S. Schmauder*

Cyclic properties of P91 steel at variable temperatures *W. Egner, P. Sulich, H. Egner & S. Mrozi´nski*

The effects of aspect ratio and bi-axial loading on the initiation of plastic deformation in three-dimensional semi-elliptical effects *S.O.S. bin Syed Kamil & N.O. Larrosa*

A study on delamination onset and propagation in CFRP beam specimens with mechanical coupling *S. Samborski, J. Rzeczkowski & J. Pa´snik*

Fatigue analysis of a vehicle using vibration modes *T.Y. Kim, Y.G. Hwang,W.S. Yoo, S.G. Yoon &Y.J. Shin*

Modelling of discrete cracks in reinforced concrete plates with the Strong Discontinuity Approach (SDA) *U. Häussler-Combe, A. Chihadeh &A. Shehni*

Microstructural analysis of crack growth caused by static and dynamic loads in a carbon fiber reinforced cement paste *M. Rutzen, D. Volkmer, U.Weiß, L. Reischmann, M.A. Peter, P. Lauff, O. Fischer, M. Raith & C. Große*

Effects of impactor mass on pultruded profiles subjected to low-velocity impacts *Z. Li, H.Wang, B. Aryal, P.J. Hazell, A. Khennane, K. Shankar & J.P. Escobedo-Diaz*

Finite element modelling of tensile reinforcement laps in steel fibre reinforced concrete *P. Grassl & J. Middlemiss*

Finite element modelling of steel/concrete bond for corroded reinforcement *Q. Du & B. Martín-Pérez*

Theoretical fatigue response of plantain fiber based composites in structural applications *C.E. Okafor & C.S. Metu*

Design of pressurised pipes subjected to mechanochemical corrosion *Y. Pronina*

A phase field modeling of dynamic brittle fracture at finite strains *E. Omatuku & S. Skatulla*

Strain-based approach to fatigue crack initiation on high-strength-steel welded joints under multiaxial loading *M. Garcia, A. Nussbaumer & H. Remes*

Experimental investigation of water leakages through a longitudinal crack due to expansion of the pipe material under pressure *D.T. Ilunga, M.O. Dinka & D. Madyira*

9. Renewable energy structures, fluid-structure interaction

Wind turbine structures – challenges and market needs *M. Rauch*

Efficient time-domain hydrodynamic model for floating offshore wind turbines using rational approximations *C.E. Høeg & Z. Zhang*

Modal dynamics of a three-bladed tri-rotor wind turbine *O.T. Filsoof, M.H. Hansen, A. Yde, P. Bøttcher & X. Zhang*

The influence of uncertain soil conditions on the dynamic response of offshore wind turbines using an efficient time-domain model *Z. Zhang, C.E. Høeg & L.V. Andersen*

On the design of monopile foundations for monotonic and cyclic loading *M. Achmus*

Structural vibration considerations for the design of onshore piled wind turbine foundations *N.R. Featherston*

Influence of geometry on the dynamic behaviour of steel tubular towers for onshore wind turbines *K. Folster & K. Mudenda*

Experiment research of basin tuned and particle damper for wind turbine tower on shaker *J.L. Chen &Y.C.Wang*

Dynamic response analysis of spar-type floating wind turbines against ship collision *Y.L. Ren, X.G. Hua, Z.Q. Chen & B. Chen*

Effect of coupling with internal and external fluids on the mechanical behavior of aerostats *J.-S. Schotté, R. Le Mestre & O. Doaré*

Nonlinear fluid-structure interaction of a restrained slender body of revolution at high angles of attack *D. Degani, O. Gottlieb & M. Ishay*

Vibration fatigue analysis of liquid-filled pipelines considering fluid-structure interaction *Y. Jiang, J. Tao & L. Zhu*

Segment gate model testing of the Staji´cevo Sluice *E. Popovi´c*

10. Blast, impact, shock and explosion loading

Near-field blast loading and transient target response: A collaboration between Sheffield and Cape Town *S.E. Rigby, A. Tyas, R.J. Curry & G.S. Langdon*

A dimensionless number for shock-structure interaction *T.J. Cloete & G.N. Nurick*

Numerical evaluation of simple blast wall system to be used in developing countries *A.T. Hussein, H.N. Mahmoud & P.R. Heyliger*

Numerical simulation of underwater subway tunnel subjected to internal blast loading *J. Mandal, M.D. Goel &A.K. Agarwal*

Response of a structural target to an explosive charge incorporating foreign objects *G. Kang & S. Chung Kim Yuen*

Comparison of curved GFRE foam sandwich panels response to close-proximity air-blast loading: Influence of curvature and load direction *C.J. von Klemperer, G.S. Langdon, G. Sinclair & I. Ghoor*

Investigation into the effect of V-tip radius on the blast performance of steel V-plates *V.R. Shekhar, G.S. Langdon & C.J. von Klemperer*

Simulation of ATD pelvic response of an under body blast *Z. Schutte, T. Pandelani, G.S. Langdon, R. Ahmed, C. Mahlase & D. Reinecke*

Dynamic response of blast loaded metal plates with composite beam stiffeners *T.P. Masango, G.N. Nurick & G.S. Langdon*

Crash analysis of foam and concrete filled automatic retractable bollard under vehicle impact *M.D. Goel*

Assessment of deformation pattern and energy absorption capacity of a novel fourfold-tube nested system under oblique impact loading *B. Xu, C.Wang, S. Chung Kim Yuen &W. Xu*

Blast mitigation of reinforced concrete hollow core slabs using CFRP as externally bonded reinforcement *A. Maazoun, S. Matthys, B. Belkassem, D. Lecompte & J. Vantomme*

Experimental response of S2-glass fibre reinforced composites subjected to localised blast loading *A. Daliri, A. Orifici, R.J. Curry, G.S. Langdon, H. Bornstein & R. Odish*

11. Stability of beams, columns and thin-walled sections

Complementary shear and transversal elongation modes in Generalized Beam Theory (GBT) for thin-walled circular cross-sections *M.J. Bianco, A.K. Habtemariam, C. Könke, F. Tartaglione &V. Zabel*

On stability and load-bearing capacity of thin-walled composite profiles subjected to eccentric compression *H. Debski & S. Samborski*

Stiffening strategies for perforated plate girders under shear loading *A. Jaramillo, N. Loaiza, C. Graciano & E. Casanova*

Optical experimental investigations of thin-walled channel beams with non-standard flange *P. Paczos*

Effects of large displacements on the flexural-torsional buckling resistance of steel H-section beam-columns *M.A. Gizejowski, Z. Stachura, M.D. Gajewski & R.B. Szczerba*

Stabilization effect on portal frames given by stressed skin action of sandwich panels *Zs. Nagy, M. Nedelcu &A. Dez˝o*

Common criterion for structures critical states *J.B. Obre˛bski*

On the lateral-torsional buckling of non-uniform C-beams *I. Mascolo, M. Modano, A. Amendola & F. Fraternali*

Main influences on the shape of failure of large-scale buckling tests under biaxial stresses *N. Maier, M. Mensinger & J. Ndogmo*

On LTB predictions using equivalent geometric imperfection modeling *M.A. Gizejowski, Z. Stachura, M.D. Gajewski & R.B. Szczerba*

Buckling of the flexible rod under shock loads *A.V. Egorov &V.N. Egorov*

Experimental investigation of distortional-lateral torsional buckling interaction of single channels restrained by angle cleats *G.M. Bukasa & M. Dundu*

12. Plates, shells, membranes, cables, cable-stayed structures, lightweight structures, space structures

Structural system design of spatial and shell structures by means of Album of Spatial Structures (ALOSS) *K. Ishikawa*

Details and assembly of two cladded double curved cable net roofs *H. Pasternak &T. Krausche*

Sandwich panels in buildings: Core, structure and design *J. Lange, A. von der Heyden & S. Grimm*

Frequencies of vibrations of a spherical shell with all-around pressure *S. Shrivastava*

Buckling of rectangular nanoplates *Y. Sapsathiarn & R.K.N.D. Rajapakse*

Thermal post-buckling behavior of functionally graded plates with nonlinear temperature distribution *W. Xia, H.T. Yang, J.M.Wu & S.P. Shen*

Some results in the theory of chiral Cosserat elastic plates *S. De Cicco*

Stresses in a pressurised parabolic ogival toroidal vessel *N. Enoma &A. Zingoni*

Buckling of parabolic ogival toroidal vessels under external pressure *N. Enoma &A. Zingoni*

Validation of a numerically inflated polyethylene bag *B. Bezuidenhout, G. Venter & M.P. Venter*

The human body: An instantaneously and dynamically self-equilibrating tensegrity structure *N. Mathias, J. Li & M. Sarkisian*

Paper-based water tower for post-disaster emergency scenarios *M. Morales-Beltran, P. Eigenraam & J. Latka*

Non-linear analysis of tall telecommunication towers in South Africa *N.R. Featherston*

A new mechanical model for metallic wire ropes *F. Foti, C. Guerini, A. Marengo & L. Martinelli*

High-strength composite materials in design process of tensegrity structures *D. Zaja˛c*

13. Adaptive structures, smart structures

Concentric joint connectors for form-changing space frames *P. Harkin, R. Vaidyanathan & S. Morad*

Manufacturing, optimization and design of electroactive CNT-actuators for adaptive building envelopes *R. Neuhaus, C. Glanz, I. Kolaric, J. Siegert &T. Bauernhansl*

Integrating structure and control design using tensegrity paradigm *R. Goyal & R.E. Skelton*

Optimal prestress design of the band gap dynamics in tensegrity metamaterials *A. Amendola, A. Krushynska, R. Miranda & F. Fraternali*

Adaptive structures of resilient cyclic knots *D. Kozlov*

Actuation of structural concrete elements under bending stress with integrated fluidic actuators *C. Kelleter,W. Sobek, T. Burghardt & H. Binz*

Structures that adapt to loads through large shape changes: Design and optimization *A.P. Reksowardojo, G. Senatore & I.F.C. Smith*

Design of thermally deformable laminates using machine learning *A. Abdel-Rahman, M. Kosicki, P. Michalatos & M. Tsigkari*

The integration of actuation concepts and adaptive elements into an experimental high-rise building *S.Weidner, S. Steffen,W. Haase,W. Sobek, C. Honold, T. Burghardt, H. Binz, M. Böhm, J.Wagner & O. Sawodny*

Design and control of adaptive tensegrity sunscreens *R. Miranda, A. Amendola, I. Mascolo, F. Fraternali & E. Babilio*

Design and development of a morphing wing utilising flexible materials *E.J. van Zyl & M.P. Venter*

Synthesis of shape-adaptive plain bearings *S. Kirmse, B. Prase &A. Hasse*

Characterization of variable stiffness joints for adaptive structures *Q.Wang, A. Habraken, P. Teuffel, G. Senatore & K. Jansen*

Design and optimization of pre-tension forces in cable-stayed bridges *M. Modano, I. Mascolo & F. Fraternali*

14. Cold-formed steel structures, stainless steel structures, aluminium structures

Testing and analysis of shear connectors between cold-formed steel members and wood-based panels *P. Kyvelou, L. Gardner & D.A. Nethercot*

Numerical modelling of prestressed composite cold-formed steel flooring systems *N. Hadjipantelis, P. Kyvelou, L. Gardner & M.A.Wadee*

Elastic buckling analysis of asymmetrically braced steel storage racks *Z. Huang & X. Zhao*

Tests of cold-formed steel built-up open section beam-columns *Q.Y. Li & B. Young*

Material property characterization of advanced high strength cold-formed steel *Y. Xia, Z. Li, B.W. Schafer & H.B. Blum*

Parametric study of cold formed steel joints using the component method *Zs. Nagy, A. Dez˝o &A.A. Mure¸san*

Load capacity of cold-formed column members of lipped channel cross-section with perforations subjected to compression loading – results of more detailed parametric study and proposals of design code modifications *M.P. Kulatunga & M. Macdonald*

Behaviour factor evaluation of CFS shear walls with gypsum board sheathing according to FEMA P695 *S. Shakeel, A. Campiche & R. Landolfo*

Structural stainless steel design by advanced analysis with CSM strain limits *F.Walport, L. Gardner & D.A. Nethercot*

Stainless steel beams of slender I-section *M. Šorf & M. Jandera*

An assessment of rolled stainless steel angles under compression *A. da S. Sirqueira, P.C.G. da S. Vellasco, L.R.O. de Lima, A.T. da Silva, M.C. Rodrigues & M.M.B.R. Vellasco*

Fatigue design of aluminum structures *C. Radlbeck, M. Rengstl & M. Mensinger*

Numerical study of distortional-lateral torsional buckling interaction of single channels restrained by angle cleats *G.M. Bukasa & M. Dundu*

Lipped cold-formed starred angles in compression *J.D.T. Nhokwara & M. Dundu*

15. Steel structures, steel connections, steel-concrete composite construction

Development of a new method for the direct numerical consideration of welding effects in the component design of welded plate girders *B. Launert, Z. Li & H. Pasternak*

Behavior of RHS X-joints having high brace to chord width ratio under axial compression *C.H. Lee, S.H. Kim & J.H. Kim*

Finite element modeling of steel tubes filled with rubberized concrete under cyclic loading *A.P.C. Duarte, N. Silvestre, J. de Brito & E. Júlio*

On elastic buckling of bisymmetric H-section steel elements under bending and compression *M.A. Gizejowski & J. Uziak*

An investigation on residual stress re-distribution and deformation of H-rolled beam end under partial volume loss process *T. Miyoshi*

Influence of steel brackets supporting crane runway girders structure on the stress distribution in the brackets *N. Korcz-Konkol, P. Iwicki & E. Urba´nska-Galewska*

Performance of welded flange plate joints between steel beams and box columns without continuity plates *M.A. Mahdavipour, S. Ding & D. Vysochinskiy*

Estimation of rotation capacity of monosymmetric I-beams *I. Nanayakkara, C. Mallikarachchi & P. Dias*

Adaptation or adoption of Eurocode steel design: A comparison with South African standard *J. Mahachi*

Assessing the ultimate load capacity of plate-shaped and hollow section steel components under tension using damage mechanics *S. Schaffrath & M. Feldmann*

A hygro-thermo-chemical-mechanical model for the service response of composite steel-concrete floor systems *G. Ranzi & M. Bocciarelli*

The study on structural characteristics for the steel concrete composite slab using Deformed Flange T-shapes *T. Takasuka, T. Kumano & K. Sugiura*

Column base connections subjected to axial compression and biaxial moments *R. Cloete & C. Roth*

Artificial neural network prediction of bearing capacity of welded columns based on simplified welding simulations *Z. Li, B. Launert, H. Pasternak &Y. Ciupack*

Numerical validation of *LRPH *behaviour by FEM analysis *L. Palizzolo, S. Benfratello, P. Tabbuso & S. Vazzano*

Bending and shear response of bonded steel sections *L.T. Chikore & M. Dundu*

Concrete-filled double-skin circular tubes with high strength concrete *Y. Essopjee, M. Dundu & C. Maluleke*

Cost optimization of structures and connections using the VirtualWork Optimization Method *J.H. Strydom &A.A. Elvin*

16. High strength steel, high performance steel

Testing of hot-finished high strength steel SHS and RHS utilising advanced experimental techniques *X. Meng & L. Gardner*

Experimental investigation on the fatigue strength assessment of welded joints made of S1100 ultra-high-strength steel in as-welded and post-weld treated condition *A. Ahola, T. Skriko &T. Björk*

Effects of residual stresses on fatigue crack initiation of butt-welded plates made of high strength steel *H. Xin & M. Veljkovic*

Behavior of double-shear high strength steel bolted connections at elevated temperatures *Y.H. Cho, L.H. Teh & B. Young*

Design and execution of welded connections at high-strength steels *R. Stroetmann &T. Kästner*

Stability design of high strength steel members *T. Tankova, L. Simões da Silva &T.Y. Tun*

Experimental and numerical investigation on HSS stiffened curved plates *S. Piculin, D. Grigillo & P. Može*

Welded connections in innovative high strength steel constructions *J. Spiegler & U. Kuhlmann*

Fatigue strength of high strength steel butt-welded connections *L.W. Tong, L.C. Niu, K. Si, L.W. Ai, M.L. Liu & X.L. Zhao*

Experimental and numerical analyses of high-strength steel welds *R. Stroetmann &T. Kästner*

Bearing behavior of bolted connections in high strength steel *Y.B.Wang, Y.F. Lyu & G.Q. Li*

Influence of residual stresses on the behaviour of flat and curved steel plates *J. Gomboši, S. Piculin & P. Može*

Pre-tensioned UHS steel bracing system for CFS structures: Planning of research project *A. Campiche, S. Shakeel & R. Landolfo*

17. Reinforced concrete structures, prestressed concrete

Control of shrinkage cracking in reinforced concrete members with end restraint *R.I. Gilbert*

Modelling of reinforced concrete structures subjected to cyclic loading *A.C. Ferche & F.J. Vecchio*

Probabilistic and semi-probabilistic design of large concrete beams failing in shear *L. Novák, D. Novák & R. Pukl*

Resistance to diagonal tension cracking of single span prestressed girders *M.A. Roosen, C. van der Veen, D.A. Hordijk & M.A.N. Hendriks*

Shear design of concrete bridge decks without shear reinforcement *G. Rombach, M. Harter & L. Henze*

Comparing Eurocode 2 prestress loss estimations to strains measured on a pretensioned bridge beam *T. Bosman, E.P. Kearsley, S.A. Skorpen, L.J. Butler & M.Z.E.B. Elshafie*

Non-linear analysis of prestressed concrete T-beams *S.W.H. Ensink, C. van der Veen & M.A.N. Hendriks*

Evaluation of shear capacity of prestressed concrete beams using the Softened Membrane Model for Prestressed Concrete (SMM-PC) *Y.R. Holebagilu, V.K. Polimeru &A. Laskar*

Flexural behavior of concrete beams with PET reinforcement *J.O. Akinyele, C.M. Ogwumeh & U.T. Igba*

Mechanical analysis of prestressed concrete curved bridges *H. Felix, J.Q. Lei &W.Q.Wang*

18. High strength concrete, high performance concrete, fibre-reinforced concrete

Innovative applications of steel fibre reinforced concrete *M. Empelmann & J.-P. Lanwer*

Numerical calibration of elasto-plastic phase-field modeling of fracture for experimental pullout tests of single steel fibers embedded in high-performance concrete *M. Pise, D. Brands, M. Sarhil, J. Schröder, G. Gebuhr & S. Anders*

Analysis of load-induced temperature development in UHPC under cyclic compressive loading *N.L. Tran, M. Deutscher & S. Scheerer*

Numerical investigation on effects of steel fibers content on flexural behavior of UHPCC *M. Halimi, M. Kioumarsi, H. Bakhshi & H. Sarkardeh*

Modelling of fibre-reinforced concrete by a fibre super-element overlay mesh *J. Storm, M. Kaliske, M. Ranjbarian &V. Mechtcherine*

A multi-scale finite element analysis and sectional design approach for the creep of polymeric FRC *R. Vrijdaghs, L. Vandewalle & M. di Prisco*

Numerical investigations on grouted segment joints for UHPC-structures *H. Matz, M.Wichert & M. Empelmann*

DEM simulation and electron microscopy analysis of the fatigue behavior of ultra-high performance concrete *S. Rybczy´nski, M. Dosta, G. Schaan, M. Ritter & F. Schmidt-Döhl*

Influence of fibre orientation on pull-out behaviour of PVA microfibre embedded in cement-based matrix under monotonic and cyclic loading *M. Ranjbarian, V. Mechtcherine, J. Storm & M. Kaliske*

Experimental characterization of effective mechanical properties of (micro-) fractured high performance concrete *J. Sauer, J. Musialak, H. Steeb, M. Markert, V. Birtel & H. Garrecht*

Deterioration development of steel fibre reinforced high performance concrete in low-cycle fatigue *G. Gebuhr, S. Anders, M. Pise, M. Sahril, D. Brands & J. Schröder*

Experimental investigation of load-induced increase of temperature in UHPC *M. Deutscher, S. Scheerer & N.L. Tran*

Implementing image analysis to assess the variability in flexural response of SFRC *T. Bosman & E.P. Kearsley*

Pull-out behaviour of smooth steel microfibres embedded in UHPC *S. Höper, U. Kowalsky, D. Dinkler, J.-P. Lanwer, V. Oettel & M. Empelmann*

Influence of aggregate morphological characteristics on the fracture resistance of high performance concrete *G. Basutkar, T. Leusmann & D. Lowke*

Cracking behaviour of carbon textile reinforced concrete members *R. El Ghadioui, N.L. Tran, T. Proske & C.-A. Graubner*

Influence of water in the microstructure on the fatigue deterioration of high-strength concrete *C. Tomann & L. Lohaus*

Flexural behavior of polymer-based textile-reinforced concrete using basalt fibers *B. Çomak, E. Soliman, R. Chennareddy & M. Reda Taha*

Acoustic emission due to fatigue damage mechanisms in high-strength concrete with different aggregates *T. Scheiden, N. Oneschkow, S. Löhnert & R. Patel*

Steel fibre orientation by means of magnetic field *R. Lovichova, K. Takacova, J. Fornusek & M. Mara*

The influence of fibre orientation on the mechanical properties of cement composites *M. Mara, R. Lovichova & J. Fornusek*

19. Structural applications of FRP composites

Computational simulation of shear behavior of scaled GFRP-reinforced concrete beams *F. Matta, S. Khodaie & M. Alnaggar*

Bond between FRP bars and fine-grain high-performance concrete with CFRP mesh confinement *K. Holschemacher & H. Zhong*

Structural analysis of FRP parts from waste wind turbine blades for building reuse applications *L.C. Bank, F.R. Arias, T.R. Gentry, T. Al-Haddad, B. Tasistro-Hart & J.F. Chen*

Influence of adhesive thickness on stress transfer between steel and CFRP plates *M. Takemura & K. Sugiura*

Shear capacity of BFRP reinforced concrete beams without shear reinforcement *S. Hofmann, N.L. Tran, T. Proske & C.-A. Graubner*

Flexural performance of extremely damaged reinforced concrete beams after SRP repair *H.H. Alghazali, Z.K. Al-Jaberi, Z.R. Aljazaeri & J.J. Myers*

Recycling and reuse of carbon fiber reinforcement *F. Kopf, J. Kortmann & P. Jehle*

Shear behavior of reinforced concrete beams with GFRP needles as coarse aggregate partial replacement: Full-scale experiments *X.F. Nie, B. Fu, J.G. Teng, L.C. Bank &Y. Tian*

F-RCM bundle as connection in multiple leaf masonry: Experimental investigation *L. Anania*

Effect of different temperatures on epoxy adhesive used in near surface mounted FRP bars strengthened concrete masonry unit under direct shear test *Z.K. Al-Jaberi & J.J. Myers*

Durability assessment of non-steel reinforcement after more than ten years of service *A.F. Al-Khafaji & J.J. Myers*

Towards rational design approaches for FRP reinforced concrete structures in fire *M.F. Green, H. Hajiloo &A. Mousavi*

Seismic response of pultruded GFRP frame using Multi-Continuum Theory *L.Wang, E. Soliman & M. Reda Taha*

Review and assessment of various theories for modeling durability of GFRP reinforcement for concrete structures *B. Benmokrane &A.H. Ali*

20. Mechanics of concrete, properties of concrete, construction materials, construction technology, pavement design

Recycling of cement stabilised gravel base material in a highway into aggregates for concrete *H. Fan, D. Shang, D. Han, B. Chen, Y.Wu, G. Liu, Q. Zhang, H. Li, Z. Sierens, B. Vandevyvere & J. Li*

Study of finite element model on skid resistance for pavement made of engineered cementitious composite *A.A. Bawono, N. NguyenDinh, B. Lechner &Y. En-Hua*

Thermo-mechanical material properties of concrete in the cooling phase *J. Lyzwa & J. Zehfuss*

Study of the impact of cement type used on selected physical and mechanical properties of aerated SCC concrete *K. Zieli´nski & P.Witkowski*

Mechanical strength and freeze-thaw resistance of fly ash alkaline-based mortars containing recycled aggregates submitted to accelerated carbonation *M. Mastali, Z. Abdollahnejad & F. Pacheco-Torgal*

Effect of silicon carbide (SiC) nanoparticles on 3D printability of cement-based materials *M. van den Heever, F.A. Bester, P.J. Kruger & G.P.A.G. van Zijl*

Using existing models and finite element analysis to predict the long term deformation of lightweight foamed concrete *D.R. Do Amaral &A.S. van Rooyen*

Mechanical properties of fly ash alkaline-based mortars containing recycled aggregates and reinforced by hemp fibres submitted to accelerated carbonation *M. Mastali, Z. Abdollahnejad & F. Pacheco-Torgal*

The use of PET pellets in cement stabilized compressed earth bricks *J.O. Akinyele, O.M. Akinwande & U.T. Igba*

Ground granulated blast-furnace and corex slag – comparative study *S. Alaud*

Multi criteria analysis for the functional performance of surface pavement *A.A. Bawono, E. Caliskan, B. Lechner &Y. En-Hua*

Cost and environmental performance of waste based alkali-activated mortars *Z. Abdollahnejad, M. Mastali & F. Pacheco-Torgal*

Effect on concrete properties of mixing and curing with seawater: Compression and tension tests *P. van Tonder, N. Selepe, Z. Kunene, B. Lefifi, P. Munyai, A. Shumba & P.K. Mlangeni*

21. Masonry structures, glass structures, timber structures, properties of wood

A semi-analytical approach to the evaluation of the local collapse mechanisms of masonry domes subject to seismic loads *F. Foti, A. Manzo & C. Chesi*

Research into the effect of grouting on physical-mechanical properties of historic masonry *J.Witzany, R. Zigler, T. Cˇejka, A. Maroušková & J. Kubát*

Limiting structural damage on masonry structures due to foundation movement *J. Mahachi*

Stiffness of unreinforced masonry walls subjected to static-cyclic shear *N. Mojsilovi´c*

Performance of confined masonry of 1953 during the 2014 Cephalonia Earthquake *F.V. Karantoni & S.J. Pantazopoulou*

Form-finding for arches and vaults using the moment-step method *R.A. Bradley*

Strength of materials and masonry structures in Malawi *P. Kloukinas, I. Kafodya, I. Ngoma, V. Novelli, J. Macdonald & K. Goda*

The effect of manufacturing flaws in the meso-structure of cast glass on the structural performance *T. Bristogianni, R. Nijsse, F. Oikonomopoulou & F. Veer*

Dry interlayers out of cast polyurethane rubber for interlocking cast glass structures: Experimental exploration and validation *F. Oikonomopoulou, F. Veer, T. Bristogianni & L. Barou*

The glass swing; a vector active glass structure *A.H. Snijder, C. Louter, L. van der Linden & R. Nijsse*

Performance of above ground floor CLT wall systems and connections under monotonic loading *C. Hughes, D. McPolin, P. McGetrick & D. McCrum*

Experimental investigation and numerical modelling of mechanical properties of CLTs *X. Li, M. Ashraf, M. Subhani & P. Kremer*

Design and testing of pre-engineered prefabricated Casuarina wooden truss *A. Mahmoud, J. Said, S. Bader, M. Sayed, M. Fayez, O. Yacoub, P. Youssef, M. Darwish, K. Nassar, E.Y. Sayed-Ahmed & M.N. AbouZeid*

Toward a quantitative evaluation of timber strength through on-site tests *A. Benedetti & M. Tarozzi*

Comparative studies of three tropical wood species under compressive cyclic loading and various moisture content levels *A.C. Engonga Edzang, C.F. Pambou Nziengui, S. Ikogou & R. Moutou Pitti*

Thermo-hygro-mechanical behaviour of notched beams of European species under creep loadings in outdoor conditions *M. Asseko Ella, C.F. Pambou Nziengui, S. Ikogou & R. Moutou Pitti*

Mechanical characterization of tropical glued solid timber beams *C.H. Ndong Bidzo, R. Moutou Pitti, S. Ikogou & B. Kaiser*

The effect of the moisture content on some mechanical properties of Casuarina wood *M. Hussein, K. Nassar & M. Darwish*

A database for spatial variability assessment of mechanical parameters for Ozigo specie under long-term bending tests in Gabon *V. Nsouami, E. Bastidas-Arteaga, R. Moutou Pitti & N. Manfoumbi*

Simulation and analysis of adhesive failure in Glued-in Rod (GiR) connections for timber structures *S.R. Atashipour, K. Lundgren, P. Feldt &A. Thelin*

22. Railway bridges, railway infrastructure, highway bridges

Railway vehicle dynamics interaction with a flexible track *J. Ambrosio, J. Costa, P. Antunes, H. Magalhaes & J. Pombo*

Running safety assessment of a high-speed train moving over the new Volga River Bridge subjected to crosswinds *P.A. Montenegro, R. Calçada, A. Bolkovoy & I. Chebykin*

Pantograph-catenary interaction in curved railway tracks *J. Ambrosio, P. Antunes, J. Pombo &A. Facchinetti*

Investigation of track-bridge interaction in railway cable-stayed bridges under train braking *Y.H. Yan, D.J.Wu, Q. Li, A. O’Connor & M. Nogal*

Assessment of the dynamic behavior of the railway bridge over the Sado River based on a monitoring system *A. Meixedo, R. Calçada, D. Ribeiro & J. Santos*

Real-time hybrid simulation of a bridge-damper system *S. Tell, A. Andersson, R. Karoumi, A. Najafi & B.F. Spencer Jr.*

Dynamic analysis of high-speed precast railway bridges *D. Nunes, C. Gomes, J. Terra, D. Ribeiro & R. Calçada*

Application of the SPS-technology in short span railway bridges *P. Händler & J. Lange*

Investigating heavy haul train loading spectra through weigh-in-motion big data analysis *F. Busatta*

Maintenance and recovery of bridges and tunnels in a freight traffic railway line *A.M. Bonatto, F.A.F. Furtado & C.V. Schlögel*

Study on behavior due to creep of cables in short and medium size unstiffened suspension bridges *K. Ueno, T. Yamaguchi & H. Kaido*

Modeling of permit trucks for bridge loading along German highways *M. Nowak & O. Fischer*

Multilane reduction factors based on WIM data *P.F. van der Spuy, R. Lenner, T. deWet & C.C. Caprani*

The development of a vehicle-bridge interaction model for South African traffic *M.W. Meyer, R. Lenner & P.F. van der Spuy*

Dynamic amplification factor for South African bridges *P.F. van der Spuy, R. Lenner & M.W. Meyer*

Reliability verification of bridges designed according to TMH-7 *S.E. Basson & R. Lenner*

Design of the new Olifants river arch bridge in theWestern Cape province of South Africa *P.F. van der Spuy & H.J. Niehaus*

Implication of constructing the New Mhloti river deck monolithically with the existing deck *A.J. Faure &W.J. Martin*

23. Performance of structures in fire, design for fire resistance

Probability-based approach to structural fire resistance evaluation *M. Maslak*

Steel-timber connections and structures in normal and fire conditions *A. Bouchaïr, S. Durif, M. Audebert & D. Dhima*

Thermal coupling in hybrid fire simulation *F. Faghihi & M. Knobloch*

Studies on fire resistance of self-drilling screws and those connections *Y. Liu & F. Ozaki*

Estimating time to structural collapse of informal settlement dwellings based on structural fire engineering principles *A. Cicione & R.Walls*

Non-linear finite element analysis of a fire protected steel connection *I. Singh, G.A. Drosopoulos & G.E. Stavroulakis*

Numerical simulation of fire-following-earthquake at urban scale *G.P. Cimellaro, M. Domaneschi, V. Villa & M. De Iuliis*

Thermal and axial compression behaviour of full-scale concrete-filled steel-tube columns (RCFST) exposed to fire: Experimental study *M. Acito*

Effects that change in strain ratio causes to structural fire resistance of a steel member – formulation of stress-strain relationships considering effects of strain ratio and verification based on in-plane analyses *F. Ozaki &T. Umemura*

Elevated temperature resistance of welded tubular joints *Y.C.Wang & E. Ozyurt*

Stiffness decrease for steel end-plate beam-to-column joint when exposed to fire *M. Maslak, M. Pazdanowski & M. Snela*

RCFST columns exposed to fire: Standard thermal test results discussion *M. Acito &V. Lavermicocca*

RCFST columns exposed to fire: Residual compression test results discussion *M. Acito &A. Jain*

RCFST columns exposed to fire: Non-standard thermal test and “hot” compression test results discussion *M. Acito & C. Chesi*

24. Structural health monitoring, damage detection, system identification, maintenance, durability, long-term performance

Structural health monitoring as a tool for smart maintenance of wind turbines *M. Botz, M. Raith, A. Emiroglu, B.Wondra & C.U. Grosse*

A numerical study of vibration-based scour detection in offshore monopile foundations *M. Samusev, M.D. Ulriksen & L. Damkilde*

Remote scour detection of a railway bridge utilizing ambient vibrations *S. Kitagawa, M. Shinoda, H. Yao, K. Yoshitome & C.W. Kim*

Impact of environmental based effects on SHM strategies *M. Baeßler, D. Bhuyan, F. Hille, E. Viefhues, M. Döhler & L. Mevel*

Adaptive training of neural networks by a particle filter for prognosis of damaged structures *F. Cadini, C. Sbarufatti, M. Corbetta & M. Giglio*

Vibration-based structural health monitoring: Challenges and opportunities *M.P. Limongelli*

Damage detection in hyperbolic cooling towers using vibration based damage detection techniques *S.M.C.M. Randiligama, D.P. Thambiratnam &T.H.T. Chan*

Preliminary analysis of the dynamic behavior of two strategic buildings subjected to the 2016 Central Italy earthquake *C. Iacovino, R. Ditommaso, F.C. Ponzo & M.P. Limongelli*

On the use of kernel PCA for compensation of environmental effects on natural frequency estimates *C. Rainieri & E. Reynders*

A concept for an integrated risk-based operation and maintenance strategy for wind turbines *C.T. Geiss & C.U. Grosse*

Damage experiment on a steel plate girder bridge and vibration based damage detection *C.W. Kim, Y. Goi, T. Mimasu & M. Kawatani*

Earth mass movements monitoring by means of fiber optics inclinometers and pattern recognition techniques *J. Sierra-Pérez, J. Alvarez-Montoya, J. Álvarez-Guerrero, J.S. Parra-Sánchez & F. Amaya-Fernández*

Vibration monitoring and damage experiment on a prestressed concrete bridge *O.S. Luna Vera, Y. Kondo, C.W. Kim &Y. Oshima*

Analysis, visualization and monitoring of traffic-induced low frequency sound radiated from bridges *S. Kimura, K. Ono, R. Chen & C.W. Kim*

Initial curing monitoring of composite civil-engineering repairs and life-time embedded wave-based surveillance network *O.A. Bareille, M. Salvia, M. Ichchou & M. Zhang*

Influence of damage and boundary conditions on the modal properties of unreinforced masonry infill walls in reinforced concrete frames *C. Rainieri, M. Di Domenico, P. Ricci, G. Fabbrocino & G.M. Verderame*

On dependencies in value of information analysis for structural integrity management *K. Ali, J. Qin & M.H. Faber*

Investigations on relationship between the soundness of superstructure and the measured acceleration given by FWD system *H. Onishi*

Conception of an interface for rotor blade inspections to semantic database for wind turbines *S. Obermeier, C. Geiss & C. Grosse*

Structural damage identification based on parameter identification using Monte Carlo method and likelihood estimation *T. Sato, L. Zhao & C.Wan*

Embedded fiber-optic sensors in reinforced concrete beams *G.P. Cimellaro, M. Domaneschi, M. Morgese, F. Ansari & D. Inaudi*

Building information modelling in whole life management of reinforced concrete structures *Q. Jiang, J. Douglas & S.T. Yang*

Structural identification of bridges using computer vision techniques *C.Z. Dong & F.N. Catbas*

Corrosion resistance of carbon steel reinforcing bars: Cold gas spray treatment vs oil based solvent sprays *P. van Tonder, Z. Ndodana & N.W. Ngcobo*

25. Structural assessment, historic structures, collapse behaviour, failure analysis, repair, strengthening, retrofitting

Assessment of existing structures *M. Holicky, C. Viljoen & J.V. Retief*

Progressive collapse of structures – review and outlook *U. Starossek*

Standardized basis for assessment of existing structures *J.V. Retief, C. Viljoen & M. Holicky*

Damage assessment of concrete structures based on fractal dimension using nonlinear fracture mechanics cracks simulation *L.X. Pan, M.S. Cao, D. Novák & D. Lehký*

The anatomy of a collapse: Forensic analyses, monitoring and restoration attempts of the Fossano Bridge *F. Bazzucchi & G.A. Ferro*

Historical reinforced concrete arch bridges of Songavazzo and Brivio (Italy): Dynamic identification and seismic vulnerability assessment *M. Acito, C. Chesi &A. Jain*

Seismic vulnerability assessment of Italian masonry churches at territorial scale *G. De Matteis &V. Corlito*

Application of carbon fibre composite materials for the rehabilitation of fatigue damaged steel structures *Y. Kasper, M. Albiez, T. Ummenhofer, Y. Ciupack, L. Ledecky, H. Pasternak, A. Geßler & M. Feldmann*

A numerical study on the collapse of a precast industrial building *P. Bamonte, M.G. Mulas, E. Nuzzi & D. Siciliano*

Large-scale contact analysis for the stability estimation of the Mnajdra monuments *S.M. Motsa, G.A. Drosopoulos, M. Stavroulaki, G. Stavroulakis, R.P. Borg, P. Galea & S. d’Amico*

Evaluating the influence of daily truck traffic flow on load effects using Monte Carlo simulations *S. Pérez Sifre & R. Lenner*

Rehabilitation of a historic building in Egypt: King Farouk Rest House *R. Abdelmaksoud, S. Abdellatif, A. Aboulela, M. El Tawil, O. Rizk, A. Sefein, O. El Kadi, M.N. AbouZeid, S. Khedr & E.Y. Sayed-Ahmed*

Assessment of historical steel bridges *P. Ryjáˇcek*

Influence of no longer permitted stirrup types on the shear capacity – experimental investigations on prestressed continuous beam subsystems *N. Schramm & O. Fischer*

Shear tension resistance of prestressed girders with a low stirrup ratio *M.A. Roosen, C. van der Veen, D.A. Hordijk & M.A.N. Hendriks*

Safety of infrastructures: A case study *M. Domaneschi, G.P. Cimellaro, F. Ansari, A. Zona & M. Morgese*

Seismic behavior of irregular RC-frames damaged by corrosion *S. Imperatore & M. Kioumarsi*

BIM-based approach for seismic vulnerability analysis: A case study *G.P. Cimellaro, M. Domaneschi, V. Villa, A. Zamani Noori, M.V. Pietropinto, A. Cardoni & S. Marasco*

Demolition engineering: Determination of the axial load capacity of steel columns weakened by horizontal and diagonal cuts *T.P.A. Dunn & R.S.Walls*

Demolition engineering: Lateral load carrying capacity of weakened steel beams *D. Mitchell & R.S.Walls*

Steel contribution effect of pre-cracked RC beams bonded with steel plates *S.D. Ngidi & M. Dundu*

Dynamic performance of steel plate-strengthened reinforced concrete slabs in bending *A.M. Olajumoke & M. Dundu*

Structural failure analysis and proposed remedies for underground mining tunnels in third world countries: *The case of structural collapses of Merelani Small Scale Tanzanite Mining tunnels, Tanzania **H.J. Mtyana*

Comparison between strengthening of reinforced concrete beams using steel plates and double FRCM layers *D. Khouzam, A. El-Nemr, E.A. Khattab & N. Hanna*

26. Soil-structure interaction, foundations, underground structures, geotechnical engineering, rock mechanics

A contribution to a new bearing capacity equation in cohesionless soil *S. Krabbenhoft, L. Damkilde & K. Krabbenhoft*

Decreasing computational cost of a slope stability analysis by differential evolution accelerated particle swarm optimization *R. van der Meij & J.P. Kwekkeboom*

Investigation of the soil structure interaction of integral bridges *J. Grabe, P. Vogel & G. Rombach*

Cyclic tensile response of suction bucket foundations in sand *P. Gütz & M. Achmus*

The behavior during construction of an existing tunnel that lies between two large vertically parallel shield tunnels adjacent to each other *N. Horichi, L.F. Boswell, S. Chang &Y. Oku*

Case study of a rock slope failure and remediation *Z. Cabarkapa*

Porous concrete in secant pile walls *M. Pulsfort, M. Herten & C. Fierenkothen*

Analytical investigations regarding critical suction and skirt friction for bucket installations in sand *C. Schröder & M. Achmus*

Design of railway embankment using the Mohr Coulomb criterion and GSK Model for cohesionless soil *S. Krabbenhoft & R. Christensen*

27. Safety and reliability, structural design, architectural considerations, building technology, structural engineering education

Advances in the reliability basis of structural design *J.V. Retief & C. Viljoen*

Flexibility and variability of industrial buildings *A. Harzdorf*

Tall diagrid structures: Unique behavior and design considerations of an unusual structure type *M. Sarkisian, N. Mathias, J. Gordon & R. Garai*

Challenging expansions of major conference and convention centers in California, USA: Two case studies *M. Sarkisian, N. Mathias, J. Zhang & L. Hu*

Architectonic forms and engineering systems designed by application of method of superposition *J. Re˛bielak*

Generalized parametric structural design: Framework and perspectives *X. Lai & Z. He*

Perspectives of experimentally based design strategies in steel engineering *I.Wudtke & M. Kraus*

Building cost implications of tsunami design per ASCE 7-16 *I.N. Robertson & J. McKamey*

The effect of labor and material cost on the optimization of structures using the VirtualWork Optimization Method and empirical formula *J.H. Strydom & A.A. Elvin*

An analysis of South African wind gust data in the context of the built environment *F.P. Bakker & C. Viljoen*

Development of an innovative composite mullion *S. Jiao, S. Gunalan, B.P. Gilbert, B. Baleshan & H. Bailleres*

Testing and strengthening of funicular arched steel truss false-work *A.Y.A.A. El Sayed, M. Darwish, K. Nassar, O. Elkady & M. Hussein*

Perspectives of moss species in urban ecosystems and vertical living-architecture: A review *P. Julinova & D. Beckovsky*

Incorporating the particularities of soil and water bioengineering works into a design methodology with monitoring feedback loops *G. Tardio, S.B. Mickovski & P. Sangalli*

How much law education a civil or structural engineering graduate needs *U. Quapp & K. Holschemacher*

Engineering education in Egypt: Past, present and future *E.Y. Sayed-Ahmed*

### Biography

Alphose Zingoni earned an MSc (with distinction) and a PhD from Imperial College London in 1992, and was a recipient of a prestigious postdoctoral fellowship of the Royal Commission for the Exhibition of 1851 from 1992 to 1994. He held appointment as Dean of the Faculty of Engineering at the University of Zimbabwe from 1996 to 1999, before moving to the University of Cape Town in 1999, where he served as Head of the Department of Civil Engineering from 2008 to 2012.

His research spans shell structures, vibration analysis, studies of symmetry in structural mechanics, and group-theoretic formulations. He has written numerous scientific papers and four books in these areas, and serves on the editorial boards of several international journals. He is founder, chair and editor of the Structural Engineering, Mechanics and Computation (SEMC) series of international conferences, successfully held in Cape Town every 3 years since 2001.

In recognition of his outstanding contributions, three learned societies have elected him a Fellow: the South African Academy of Engineering, the Institution of Structural Engineers (London), and the International Association of Bridge and Structural Engineering (Zurich). He received a B1 rating of the National Research Foundation in 2016, and in the same year, was elected a Fellow of the University of Cape Town in recognition of "original distinguished academic work".