Advances in Fischer-Tropsch Synthesis, Catalysts, and Catalysis: 1st Edition (Hardback) book cover

Advances in Fischer-Tropsch Synthesis, Catalysts, and Catalysis

1st Edition

Edited by B. H. Davis, Mario L. Occelli

CRC Press

424 pages | 194 B/W Illus.

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Description

Rising oil costs have stimulated significant interest in the Fischer-Tropsch synthesis (FTS) as a method for producing a synthetic petroleum substitute. Drawn from the proceedings at a symposium held during the 236th meeting of the American Chemical Society in Philadelphia in August 2008, Advances in Fischer-Tropsch Synthesis, Catalysts, and Catalysis explores the recent developments in Fischer-Tropsch technology, which holds great promise in the area of renewable resources.

Expert contributors explore a range of issues

The book focuses on three main themes: catalyst preparation and activation, reaction mechanism, and process-related topics. A panel of expert contributors discusses synthesis of catalysts, carbon nanomaterials, nitric oxide calcinations, the influence of carbon, catalytic performance issues, chelating agents, and Cu and alkali promoters. They also explore Co/silica catalysts, thermodynamic control, the Two Alpha model, co-feeding experiments, internal diffusion limitations, Fe-LTFT selectivity, and the effect of co-fed water. Lastly, the book examines cross-flow filtration, kinetic studies, reduction of CO2 emissions, syncrude, and low-temperature water-gas shift.

Attaining the maximum catalytic activity and catalyst life

The themes explored in the book demonstrate that while the Fischer-Tropsch synthesis (FTS) has advanced in maturity, many issues remain concerning the preparation of increasingly active catalysts and the method of activation to attain the maximum catalytic activity and catalyst life. The book includes coverage of the structural features, their changes, and the application of increasingly sophisticated characterization techniques, shedding light on the reaction mechanism and providing a glimpse into the processes and reaction rates under realistic commercial process conditions.

 

Table of Contents

Synthesis of High Surface Area Cobalt-on-Alumina Catalysts by Modification with Organic Compounds, P. R. Ellis, D. James, P. T. Bishop, J. L. Casci, C. M. Lok, and G. J. Kelly

Carbon Nanomaterials as Supports for Fischer-Tropsch Catalysts, A. Jung, C. Kern, and A. Jess

Effect of a Novel Nitric Oxide Calcination on the Catalytic Behavior of Silica-Supported Cobalt Catalysts during Fischer-Tropsch Synthesis, and Impact on Performance Parameters, W. Ma, G. Jacobs, M. K. Gnanamani, U. M. Graham, and B. H. Davis

The Formation and Influence of Carbon on Cobalt-Based Fischer-Tropsch Synthesis Catalysts: An Integrated Review, D. J. Moodley, J. van de Loosdrecht, A. M. Saib, and H. J. W. Niemantsverdriet

Catalytic Performance of Ru/Al2O3 and Ru/Mn/Al2O3 for Fischer-Tropsch Synthesis, M. Nurunnabi, K. Murata, K. Okabe, M. Inaba, and I. Takahara

Preparation of Highly Active Co/SiO2 Catalyst with Chelating Agents for Fischer-Tropsch Synthesis: Role of Chelating Agents, N. Koizumi, D. Hongo, Y. Ibi, Y. Hayasaka, and M. Yamada

Fischer-Tropsch Synthesis: Temperature-Programmed EXAFS/XANES Characterization of the Impact of Cu and Alkali Promoters to Iron-Based Catalysts on the Carbide Formation Rate, G. Jacobs, A. Sarkar, B. H. Davis, D. Cronauer, A. J. Kropf, and C. L. Marshall

Characterization of Co/Silica Catalysts Prepared by a Novel NO Calcination Method, G. Jacobs, W. Ma, Y. Ji, S. Khalid, and B. H. Davis

Fischer-Tropsch Synthesis and Hydroformylation on Cobalt Catalysts: The Thermodynamic Control, H. Schulz

The Value of a Two Alpha Model in the Elucidation of a Full Product Spectrum for Fe-LTFT, J. Huyser, M. J. van Vuuren, and G. Kupi

Studies on the Reaction Mechanism of the Fischer-Tropsch Synthesis: Co-feeding Experiments and the Promoter Effect of Alkali, J. Gaube and H.-F. Klein

Modeling of Internal Diffusion Limitations in a Fischer-Tropsch Catalyst, A. Jung, C. Kern, and A. Jess

Fe-LTFT Selectivity: A Sasol Perspective, M. J. van Vuuren, J. Huyser, T. Grobler, and G. Kupi

Fischer-Tropsch Synthesis: Comparison of the Effect of Co-Fed Water on the Catalytic Performance of Co Catalysts Supported on Wide-Pore and Narrow-Pore Alumina, A. Sarkar, G. Jacobs, P. Mukoma, D. Glasser, D. Hildebrandt, N. J. Coville, and B. H. Davis

Fischer-Tropsch Synthesis: A Continuous Process for Separation of Wax from Iron Nano-Catalyst Particles by Using Cross-Flow Filtration, A. Sarkar, J. K. Neathery, R. L. Spicer, and B. H. Davis

Detailed Kinetic Study and Modeling of the Fischer-Tropsch Synthesis over a State-of-the-Art Cobalt-Based Catalyst, C. G. Visconti, Z. Ballova, L. Lietti, E. Tronconi, R. Zennaro, and P. Forzatti

Reduction of CO2 Emissions from CTL Processes: Use of a Novel FT-Based Chemistry, D. Hildebrandt, D. Glasser, and B. Patel

Refining Fischer-Tropsch Syncrude: Perspectives on Lessons from the Past, A. de Klerk

Low-Temperature Water-Gas Shift: Assessing Formates as Potential Intermediates over Pt/ZrO2 and Na-Doped Pt/ZrO2 Catalysts Employing the SSITKA-DRIFTS Technique, G. Jacobs, B. H. Davis, J. M. Pigos, and C. J. Brooks

Index

About the Editors

Dr. Davis is responsible for catalysis, Fischer-Tropsch synthesis, and direct coal liquefaction research at the Center for Applied Energy Research at the University of Kentucky. Dr. Occelli has published extensively, received thirty U.S. patents, and presented papers and lectures at national and international meetings. Currently he works as an independent consultant.

About the Series

Chemical Industries

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Subject Categories

BISAC Subject Codes/Headings:
SCI013000
SCIENCE / Chemistry / General
SCI013060
SCIENCE / Chemistry / Industrial & Technical