246 pages | 23 B/W Illus.
Research and theorizing on criminal decision making has not kept pace with recent developments in other fields of human decision making. Whereas criminal decision making theory is still largely dominated by cognitive approaches such as rational choice-based models, psychologists, behavioral economists and neuroscientists have found affect (i.e., emotions, moods) and visceral factors such as sexual arousal and drug craving, to play a fundamental role in human decision processes.
This book examines alternative approaches to incorporating affect into criminal decision making and testing its influence on such decisions. In so doing it generalizes extant cognitive theories of criminal decision making by incorporating affect into the decision process. In two conceptual and ten empirical chapters it is carefully argued how affect influences criminal decisions alongside rational and cognitive considerations. The empirical studies use a wide variety of methods ranging from interviews and observations to experimental approaches and questionnaires, and treat crimes as diverse as street robbery, pilfering, and sex offences. It will be of interest to criminologists, social psychologists, judgment and decision making researchers, behavioral economists and sociologists alike.
"Personally, the editors (and contributors) convinced me of the critical importance of this field in criminology."
Benoit Leclerc, PhD, Senior Lecturer, School of Criminology and Criminal Justice, Griffith University
1. Introduction Affect and Cognition in Criminal Decision Making: Between Rational Choices and Lapses of Self-Control, Jean-Louis Van Gelder, Henk Elffers, Danielle Reynald and Daniel Nagin 2. Affect and the Reasoning Criminal: Past and Future, Ronald V. Clarke 3. Affect and the Dynamic Foreground of Predatory Street Crime: Desperation, Anger, and Fear, Volkan Topalli and Richard Wright 4. Posterior Gains and Immediate Pains: Offender Emotions Before, During and After Robberies, Marie Rosenkrantz Lindegaard, Wim Bernasco, Scott Jacques and Babet Zevenbergen 5. The Role of Sexual Arousal and Perceived Consequences in Men’s and Women’s Decisions to Engage in Sexually Coercive Behaviors, Jeff Bouffard 6. Sexual Arousal and the Ability to Access Sexually Aggressive Consequences from Memory, M. Lyn Exum and Ashley Zachowicz 7. Emotional Arousal and Child Sex Offending: A Situational Perspective, Richard Wortley and Stephen Smallbone 8. "I Would Have Been Sorry": Anticipated Regret and the Role of Expected Emotions in the Decision to Offend, Amy Sariti Kamerdze, Tom Loughran and Ray Paternoster 9. Anticipated Emotions and Immediate Affect in Criminal Decision Making: From Shame to Anger, Jean-Louis van Gelder, Danielle Reynald and Henk Elffers 10. Emotional Justifications for Unethical Behavior, Shaul Shalvi, Jean-Louis van Gelder and Job van der Schalk 11. A Neuropsychological Test of Criminal Decision Making: Regional Prefrontal Influences in a Dual Process Model, Kyle Treiber 12. Traits and States of Self-Conscious Emotions in Criminal Decision Making, Stephen G. Tibbetts.
Crime science is a new way of thinking about and responding to the problem of crime in society. First, crime science is about crime. Instead of the usual focus in criminology on the characteristics of the criminal offender, crime science is concerned with the characteristics of the criminal event. Second, crime science is about science, advocating an evidence-based, problem-solving approach to crime control. Crime scientists actively engage with front-line criminal justice practitioners to reduce crime by making it more difficult for individuals to offend, and making it more likely that they will be detected if they do offend
The Crime Science series is utilitarian in its orientation and multidisciplinary in its foundations, drawing on disciplines from both the social and physical sciences, including criminology, sociology, psychology, geography, economics, architecture, industrial design, epidemiology, computer science, mathematics, engineering, and biology.