This is a synthesis of case studies and theory which takes issue with established African demographic theory, emphasising that demography is an historical process, a permanent and varied adaptation to social and economic change. The book covers 20 African societies in the sub-Saharan region, examining not the effects of slavery, colonialism and capitalism on each, but also the resistance and resilience of indigenous African institutions and individuals.
Table of Contents
1. African Historical Demography: The Search for a Theoretical Framework PART I. PRELUDE TO COLONIALISM: SEQUELS OF SLAVERY 2. Local Versus Regional Impact of Slave Exports on Africa 3. The Demography of Slavery in Western Soudan: The Late Nineteenth Century 4. Population and Capitalist Development in Precolonial West Africa: Kasar Kano in the Nineteenth Century PART II. WEST AFRICA: THE DEMOGRAPHIC EFFECTS OF FRENCH COLONIAL POLICIES 5. L'évolution démographique régionale du Sénégal et du bassin arachidier (Sine-Saloum) au vingtième siećle, 1904-1976, 6. "Faire du nègre": Military Aspects of Population Planning in French West Africa, 1920-1940 7. Creating Hunger: Labor and Agricultural Policies in Southern Mosi, 1919-1940 8. Making Migrants: Zarma Peasants in Niger, 1900-1920 PART III. CENTRAL AFRICA: FORCED MIGRATION AND THE DEMOGRAPHIC REGIME 9. Extracting People from Precapitalist Production: French Equatorial Africa from the 1890s to 1930s 10. Les origines des migrations modernes dan l'ouest du Zaire PART IV. EAST AND NORTHEAST AFRICA: CONQUEST AND THE READJUSTMENT OF FERTILITY AND MORTALITY 11. Differential High Fertility and Demographic Transitions: Peripheral Capitalism in Sudan 12. Population Growth and the Deterioration of Health: Mainland Tanzania, 1920-1960 13. Health, Nutrition, and Population in Central Kenya, 1890-1945 PART V. SOUTHERN AFRICA: INTENSE PRESSURES ON DEMOGRAPHIC VIABILITY 14. Dimensions of Conflict: Emigrant Labor from Colonial Malawi and Zambia, 1900-1945 15. Demography, Production, and Labor: Central Angola, 1890-1950 16. Capital, State, and the African Population of Johannesburg, 1921-1980 PART VI. CONCLUSION 17. Toward a Historical Sociology of Population in Zaïre: Proposals for the Analysis of the Demographic Regime
Dennis D. Cordell is associate professor of African and Middle Eastern history at Southern Methodist University.
Joel W. Gregory is professor of demography at the Université de Montréal.