Of the world's refugees, more than a third live in Africa, displaced from their homelands by war, poverty, famine and political persecution. In this book, contributors explore key issues related to these refugee populations. The first section looks at the legal framework for defining and assisting refugees, and the second deals with the issue of relief by considering specific cases, the general problems faced and particular relief efforts. Subsequent chapters examine forced migration, resettlement and repatriation, conflict with local populations, integration of refugees, and sustainable development.
Part 1 Refugee definitions, conventions and problems: forced migration in Africa - the OAU convention, Chris J. Barkwesegiia; the legal dimensions of the refugee problem in Africa, Ayok Chol Anthony; refugee determination in Africa, Peter Nobel. Part 2 Refugees and relief: refugees in the Sudan - some unresolved issues, Gaim Kibreab; Eritrean association, John Sorenson; refugees and rural development, Jan Sterkenberg et al. Part 3 Settlement and repatriation of refugees: refugee settlement and repatriation in Africa - development prospects and constraints, Peter H. Koehn; organized and spontaneous settlement of refugees in Africa, Tom Kuhlman; government-sponsored land settlement schemes for involuntary migrants - the long way towards self-sufficiency, Veronique Lassailly-Jacob; voluntary repatriation by force - Rwandan refugees in Uganda, Edward Khiddu-Makabuya; promoting successful reintegration of African refugees and displaced people, Roger Winter. Part 4 Refugees and development in Africa: refugees and development in Africa - a local perspective on research and policy needs, Robert F. Gorman; refugee law and development, Peter Nobel.