Of the world's refugees, more than a third live in Africa, displaced from their homelands by war, poverty, famine and political persecution. In this book, contributors explore key issues related to these refugee populations. The first section looks at the legal framework for defining and assisting refugees, and the second deals with the issue of relief by considering specific cases, the general problems faced and particular relief efforts. Subsequent chapters examine forced migration, resettlement and repatriation, conflict with local populations, integration of refugees, and sustainable development.
Introduction -- Background of the Legal Regime -- Forced Migration in Africa and the OAU Convention -- Basic Needs and Refugees -- Resource Depletion, Famine and Refugees in Tigray -- Refugees in the Sudan: Unresolved Issues -- Refugees, Relief and Rehabilitation in the Horn of Africa: The Eritrean Relief Association -- Traditional Solutions: Integration and Repatriation -- Refugee Settlement and Repatriation in Africa: Development Prospects and Constraints -- Organized Versus Spontaneous Settlement of Refugees in Africa -- Voluntary Repatriation by Force: The Case of Rwandan Refugees in Uganda -- Ending Exile: Promoting Successful Reintegration of African Refugees and Displaced People -- Refugees and Development -- An Overview: Refugees and Development -- Refugees and Rural Development: A Comparative Analysis of Project Aid in Sudan and Tanzania -- Government-Sponsored Agricultural Schemes for Involuntary Migrants in Africa: Some Key Obstacles to Their Economic Viability -- Refugee Aid and Development in Africa: Research and Policy Needs from the Local Perspective