What are the ultimate motives that instigate individuals’ behaviours? What are the aims of social perception? How can an individuals’ behaviour be described both from the perspective of the actor and from the perspective of an observer? These are the basic questions that this book addresses using its proposed agency-communion framework. Agency (competence, assertiveness) refers to existence of an organism as an individual, to "getting ahead" and to individual goal-pursuit; communion (warmth, morality) refers to participation of an individual in a larger organism, to "getting along" and to forming bonds.
Each chapter is written by experts in the field and use the agency-communion framework to explore a wide variety of topics, such as stereotypes, self-esteem, personality, power, and politics.
The reader will profit from the deep insights given by leading researchers. The variety of theoretical approaches and empirical contributions shows that the parsimonious and simple structure of two types of content in behavior, motives, personality, self-concept, stereotypes, and more to build an overarching frame to different phenomena studied in psychology.
Table of Contents
1. Introduction: The fundamental dimensions of social cognition (Andrea E. Abele & Bogdan Wojciszke)
2. Evolutionary and functional meaning of agency and communion (Oscar Ybarra et al.)
3. Agency and communion in social cognition (Bogdan Wojciszke & Andrea E. Abele)
4. Stereotype Content Model, Twenty Years Later: Communion (Warmth) and Agency (Competence) in Group Images (Susan Fiske)
5. Agency and communion in self-perception (Andrea E. Abele & Nicole Hauke)
6. Agentic and communal forms of self-presentation (Delroy Paulhus)
7. Agentic and communal motives (Kenneth D. Locke)
8. The Agency-Communion Model of Grandiose Narcissism (Jochen Gebauer & Constantine Sedikidis)
9. Agency, communion and gender (Sabine Sczesny & Christa Nater)
10. Power, self-focus and the Big Two (Aleksandra Cislak & Aleksandra Cichocka)
11. The Big Two in politics (Susanne Bruckmüller & Nicole Methner)
12. Compensation and innuendo effects in agency and communion (Vincent Yzerbyt)
13. Dimensional comparison theory and the agency – communion framework (Friederike Helm & Jens Möller)
14. Rethinking the nature and relation of fundamental dimensions of meaning (Alex Koch & Roland Imhoff)
Andrea E. Abele is a professor at Friedrich-Alexander University (Erlangen, Germany). Her research interests are social cognition and the fundamental dimensions of social judgment and behavior. She has published about 220 articles. She is a full member of the Bavarian Academy of Science and a fellow of the Association for Psychological Science and of the Society for Experimental Social Psychology.
Bogdan Wojciszke is a professor at SWPS University of Social Sciences and Humanities (Sopot, Poland). His research interests are social cognition and moral judgments and has published 11 books and over 160 papers. He is a full member of Polish Academy of Science and a fellow of Association for Psychological Science.