This comprehensive volume advances heterodox reconstructions of agrarian Marxism on the occasion of Marx’s 200th birth anniversary. While Marxists have long criticized ‘populists’ for ignoring capitalism and class, populists have charged Marxists with historical determinism. This ongoing debate has now reached something of an impasse, in part because new empirical work addressing the complex contemporary patterns and conjunctures of global agrarian capitalism offers exciting new horizons, along with new and generative theoretical reconstructions of Marxism itself. This book helps to point the way beyond this impasse, and illustrates that agrarian Marxism remains a dynamic theoretical program that offers powerful insights into agrarian change and politics in the twenty-first century.
This book was originally published as a special issue of The Journal of Peasant Studies.
1. Introduction: Agrarian Marxism
Michael Levien, Michael Watts and Yan Hairong
2. An urban proletariat with peasant characteristics: land occupations and livestock raising in South Africa
3. ‘Hot chocolate’: financialized global value chains and cocoa production in Ecuador
Thomas F. Purcell
4. Conjugated oppression within contemporary capitalism: class, caste, tribe and agrarian change in India
Jens Lerche and Alpa Shah
5. Gender and class relations in rural India
6. Custom and exploitation: rethinking the origins of the modern African chieftaincy in the political economy of colonialism
7. Agrarian questions of labor in urban India: middle migrants, translocal householding and the intersectional politics of social reproduction
Vinay Gidwani and Priti Ramamurthy
8. From South Africa to China: land, migrant labor and the semi-proletarian thesis revisited
Shaohua Zhan and Ben Scully
9. The politics of classes of labour: fragmentation, reproduction zones and collective action in Karnataka, India
10. Social reproduction of ‘classes of labour’ in the rural areas of South Africa: contradictions and contestations
Ben Cousins, Alex Dubb, Donna Hornby and Farai Mtero
11. Without the blanket of the land: agrarian change and biopolitics in post–Apartheid South Africa
Andries du Toit
12. Marx and Chayanov at the margins: understanding agrarian change in Java
13. The ‘peasant problem’ in the Russian revolution(s), 1905–1929
Critical Agrarian Studies is the new accompanying book series to the Journal of Peasant Studies. It publishes selected special issues of the journal and, occasionally, books that offer major contributions in the field of critical agrarian studies. The book series builds on the long and rich history of the journal and its former accompanying book series, the Library of Peasant Studies (1973-2008) which had published several important monographs and special-issues-as-books.