This comprehensive study outlines the current transformation in agriculture and its effect on the demography, development, and economy of the People’s Republic of the Congo. G. Nguyen Tien Hung analyzes fundamental structural changes within the economy and the impact of the application of the Marxist model of development upon the performance and growth of the agricultural sector. The course of rural development over the past fifteen years is charted with an emphasis on migration, welfare, and the influence of aid on small farming communities. Dr. Hung assesses the constraints on agricultural production and marketing and the effectiveness of farmer cooperatives in overcoming these limitations. This study explores the prospects for future development in the Congo and provides an analysis applicable to other African states.
Preface -- An Overview -- Historical Setting -- Economic and Financial Conditions Bearing on Agriculture, 1960–1985 -- The Agricultural Sector -- Agriculture in the Congolese Economy -- Agronomic and Engineering Aspects -- Agricultural Performance -- Agricultural Marketing -- The Rural Milieu -- The Farming Systems -- Farmers’ Organizations: The Cooperatives -- Small Farmers’ Participation in the Economy -- Problems and Prospects -- Constraints to Agriculture and Rural Development -- Supporting Agriculture and Rural Development -- Appendixes -- Administrative Division in the Congo -- Population Pyramid -- Ratio of Men Per 100 Women -- Appendix 2.1 -- Financial Operations of State Enterprise in Agriculture* (in thousands of CFAF) -- Organization of Ministry of Agriculture and Husbandry -- Organizational Chart of OCC -- Evolution of Rainfall, 1979–1983 -- Soil Classification -- The RNTP Organization Chart -- Equipment Needed for the Road Work in the Plateaux Region -- Necessary Equipment and Deficit for the Road Work in the Plateaux Region -- Value of Agro-Industrial Products (In Million CFAF) -- Consumer Price Index For Brazzaville, 1973–1982 January 1964 = 100 -- Distribution of Rural Population, Number of Holdings and Areas Under Cultivation (1973 Census) -- Rice Production by Regions (tons) -- Organizational Structure of the Co-operatives -- Illustration of Extension Services: Farmers’ Accounting -- Public Investment in Transportation 1982–1986 Plan -- Agriculture and Rural Development: Selected Projects -- Exchange Rates -- List of Abbreviations -- The People’s Republic of the Congo: Basic Data