Agrochemical Environmental Fate State of the Art  book cover
1st Edition

Agrochemical Environmental Fate State of the Art

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ISBN 9781566700344
Published April 28, 1995 by CRC Press
432 Pages

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Book Description

Accurate risk assessment is critical to pesticide regulation. This authoritative reference provides an exhaustive evaluation of current agrochemical environmental fate studies, a critical review of current EPA pesticide assessment guidelines, and a wide variety of environmental simulation models.
Divided into four sections, this well-organized book provides a wealth of data and information vital to anyone involved in environmental exposure assessment, groundwater, surface water, and water contamination, pesticide regulation, and environmental simulation modeling. At your fingertips, you will have the latest information on the development of meaningful environmental fate data and how this information will result in accurate assessment of potential environmental and human hazards. The inadequacy of current regulatory guidelines and the resulting nonscientific assessment of agrochemical environmental fate are discussed in detail. A wide variety of environmental fate studies are included to demonstrate the current use of data to assess environmental fate and potential hazards associated with agrochemical use. Finally, ten chapters discuss the use of computer models that have been developed for analyzing and integrating data from a variety of environmental fate studies on agrochemicals used under various field conditions.

Table of Contents

Why We Need This Information
Pesticides in the Environment: Supplanting Fears with Facts. History and Development of EPA's Pesticide Assessment Guidelines for Subdivision N-Chemistry: Environmental Fate. Environmental Fate and Transport Data for Agrochemicals in the 1990s. Environmental Regulation of Pesticides in California. Pesticide Environmental Fate Requirements in the European Community.
Test Guidelines: Changes and New Directions
Ambiguities and Deficiencies in U.S. EPA Guidelines for Conducting Laboratory Environmental Fate Studies on Pesticides. Inadequacies in EPA Test Guidelines for Laboratory Studies on Environmental Fate of Pesticides: An Assessment from Industry. Pesticide Hydrolysis and Photolysis Studies: Guideline Challenges and Experimental Approaches. Critical Assessment of Guidelines for Terrestrial Field Dissipation of Pesticides. Physicochemical and Mobility Studies with Pesticides. EPA Guidelines for Environmental Fate Studies: Meaningful Data for Assessing Exposure to Pesticides. Pesticide Assessment Guidelines and Standardized Protocols: To Have or Not to Have-A Contract Laboratory's Viewpoint. Future Agrochemicals - An Industry Perspective. Analysis of Factors Leading to EPA's Rejection of Pesticide Environmental Fate Studies.
Data Integration and Environmental Assessment
Data Integration and Environmental Assessment of Pesticides. Occurrence and Distribution of Pesticides in Rivers of the Midwestern United States. Design of Large Scale Field Runoff Studies for Pesticides. A Compilation of Aerial Spray Drift Field Study Data for Low-Flight Agricultural Application of Pesticides. Intermediate Range Deposition of Pesticides from Aerial Applications. Integrated Environmental Fate Studies for Agricultural Chemicals. Probabilistic Groundwater Exposure Assessment Using GRASP (Geographically Based Risk Analysis System for Pesticides). Pesticide Management for Groundwater Protection: The Case for General Management. Analysis of Aldicarb Leaching Potential. Status of Groundwater Monitoring Studies. Groundwater Monitoring Studies for Agrochemicals: Directions and Guidelines. Pesticide Runoff Studies: Towards a New Protocol. Integration and Extrapolation of Measured Runoff Data Using Simulation Modeling.
Simulation Modeling and Environmental Assessment
Simulation Modeling for Integrating Environmental Fate Data with Environmental Assessment for Pesticides. PIRANHA-A Computer-Based System for Chemical Risk Assessment. Geographic Databases and Interface for the PIRANHA Chemical Risk Assessment System. PIC/PRZM: A Data-Layered System for Screening Pesticide Runoff Potential. Using PRZM Modeling to Compare Leaching Potential of Wheat Herbicides. Modeling Bioaccumulation in Aquatic Organisms. PRE-AP (Pesticide Registration and Environmental Application Program): An Early Research Screening Model for Experimental Agricultural Pesticides. A New Visual-Interface Platform for Pesticide Transport Models. Use of a Linked Biophysical and Economic Modeling System to Evaluate Risk-Benefit Tradeoffs of Corn Herbicide Use in the Midwest. The Pesticide Information Network: An Information Tool for Environmental Management.

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