Air Pollution : Measurement, Modelling and Mitigation, Third Edition book cover
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3rd Edition

Air Pollution
Measurement, Modelling and Mitigation, Third Edition



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ISBN 9781315272481
Published July 12, 2017 by CRC Press
508 Pages

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Book Description

A one stop, comprehensive textbook, covering the three essential components of air pollution science. The Third Edition has been updated with the latest developments, especially the inclusion of new information on the role of air pollutants in climate change. The authors give greater coverage to the developing economies around the world where air pollution problems are on the rise.

The Third Edition continues to cover a wide range of air quality issues, retaining a quantitative perspective. Topics covered include - gaseous and particulate air pollutants, measurement techniques, meteorology and dispersion modelling, mobile sources, indoor air, effects on plants, materials, humans and animals. Moving away from classical toxic air pollutants, there is a chapter on climate change and another on the depletion of stratospheric ozone. A special feature of this new edition is the inclusion of a fresh chapter on air pollution mitigation by vegetation, mainly its role in maintaining a sustainable urban environment.

Recommended for upper-level undergraduate and postgraduate courses specialising in air pollution, both for environmental scientists and engineers. The new material included in the Third Edition extends its use by practitioners in consultancies or local authorities.

Table of Contents

Air Pollutants: Sources and Control of Gases
Units for Expressing Pollutant Concentration
The Basic Atmosphere
The Vertical Structure of the Atmosphere
Anthropogenic Emissions
Primary Emission Summary
Adsorption and Adsorption of Gases
Other Air Pollutants
Secondary Gaseous Pollutants
Emission Interventions

Air Pollutants: Particulates
Particle Terminology
Particle Size Disturbations
Aerosol Mechanics
Particle Sources
Abatement of Primary Particle Emissions
Secondary Particles
Trends in Particle Emissions

Mobile Sources
Motor Vehicle Emissions
Train Emissions
Shipping Emissions
Aircraft Emissions
Different Models of Transport

Measurement of Gases and Particles
Methods of Describing Pollutant Concentration
Sampling Requirements
Gas Sampling
Gas Concentration Measurement
Quality Control
Particle Sampling
Particle Measurement Methods
Chemical Composition of Aerosol
Measurement of Course Particle Deposition
Emission Measurement from Stationary Sources
Measurement Uncertainty

Concentrations and Deposition
Gaseous Pollutants
Patterns of Occurrence
Particulate Matter
Dry Deposition of Gases
Wet Deposition
Total Deposition and Budgets
Analysis of an Air Pollution Episode

Meteorology and Modelling
Meteorological Factors
Dispersion Models
Gaussian Dispersion Theory
Dispersion Theory in Practice
Dispersion of Vehicle Emission and Exposure Modelling
Receptor Models
Box Models
Statistical Models

Analysis of an Air Quality Data Set
The Raw Data Set
Period Averages
Roses
Diurnal Variations
Short-Term Events
Frequency Disturbations
Further Statistical Analyses

Indoor Air Quality
Building Ventilation
Combustion
Indoor Organics Sources
Bioaerosols
Sick Building Syndrome
Odour and Ventilation
Clean Rooms

Mitigation of Air Pollution: The Role of Vegetation
Forest Canopy Intervention
Particle Deposition to Vegetation
Filter Strips
Practical Concerns of Vegetation Intervention

Effects on Plants, Visual Range and Materials
Effects on Plants
Visual Range
Damage to Materials

Responses of Humans and Other Animals
Responses of People
Effects on Other Animals

Greenhouse Gases and Climate Change
Our Radiation Environment
The Role of Gases
The Role of Aerosol
Gases and Aerosol Combined
Future Scenarios
The Main Predictions
Feedbacks
Global Responses

Ozone Depletion and Ultraviolet Radiation
Ozone in the Stratosphere
Destructive Chemistry
The Current Situation
Ozone and Ultraviolet
Clothing Protection from UV

Standards and Legislation
UK Legislation
EU Air-Quality Legislation
UNECE
World Health Organization (WHO)
EU Industrial Emission Legislation
EU Vehicle Emissions
US Legislation
Legislation in the Asian Region
Air Pollution Indices

...
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Author(s)

Biography

Abhishek Tiwary is a Chartered Scientist and a Chartered Environmentalist involved in issues related to urban air pollution management and sustainable development. He is based at the University of Newcastle, UK.

Jeremy Colls is Professor Emeritus in Atmospheric Environment at the University of Nottingham, UK. He authored the previous two editions of Air Pollution.

Reviews

"A good starting book for those studying the environment of the atmosphere."
—Geoffrey Brundrett, International Journal of Ambient Energy

"The writing is accessible and generally clear, and most of the selected topics and examples are excellent... Summing up: Recommended."
—CHOICE