Air Quality Permitting: 1st Edition (Hardback) book cover

Air Quality Permitting

1st Edition

By R. Leon Leonard

CRC Press

192 pages

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Hardback: 9780873717908
pub: 1996-10-16
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This practical book covers all of the fundamentals for obtaining air quality permits for new sources of air pollutant emissions and Title V operating permits for operating sources. Written for facility environmental managers, consultants, and air quality regulatory staff, Air Quality Permitting provides a thorough discussion on the strategies of successfully permitting a facility.

Table of Contents


Permitting Authority

Delegation of Authority

Permit Processing Steps

Ambient Air Quality Standards

Attainment and Nonattainment Areas

Sources Needing Permits

Thresholds for Permitting

New Source Review in Nonattainment Areas

Prevention of Significant Deterioration Permitting

Major Sources Subject to PSD

Pollutants Subject to PSD Permitting

PSD Increments

Major Modifications to PSD Sources

Prohibitionary Rules

New Source Performance Standards

Control Technology Guidelines

Title V Operating Permits


Application Preparation

Application Content

Title V Permit Content

Permitting Actions


Identifying Air Pollutant Sources

Emission Factors

Engineering Calculations

Material Balance

Source Testing

Use Approved Source Test and Analysis Methods

Replicate Process Operations in the Test Conditions

Maintenance of Steady State Operation

Measurements Well Above Detection Limits Without Interference

Other Emission Estimation Topics

Use of F Factors

Startups, Shutdowns, and Upsets

Fugitive Emission Estimates

Emission Estimate Corrections

Control Technology Requirement Definitions

Lowest Achievable Emission Rate (LAER)

California BACT

Reasonably Available Control Technology (RACT)

Best Available Retrofit Control Technology (BARCT)

Maximum Achievable Control Technology (MACT)

Generally Available Control Technology (GACT)

Toxic Best Available Control Technology (T-BACT)

Reasonably Available Control Measures (RACM) and Best Available Control Measures (BACM)

BACT Selection Strategy

Top-Down BACT Analysis

Identify Technologies

Determine Technical Feasibility

Rank Technically Feasible Alternatives

Evaluate Impacts of Technology

BACT Analysis Examples

Boiler NOx Control

Need for Emission Offsets

Offset Quantities Required

Sources of Offsets

Offset Prices

Creating ERCs

Overview of Air Pollution Meteorology

Fundamentals of Dispersion Modeling

Modeling Protocol

Dispersion Model Selection

Modeling Methodology

Source Inputs

Meteorological Data

Basis for Ambient Pollutant Concentrations

Receptor Grid Selection

Protocol Submission

Modeling Results

Uncertainty in Model Estimates

Time and Space Comparisons

Significant Figures

Averaging Time Conversion Factors

Quality Assurance

Toxic Air Contaminant Emissions and Regulations

Toxic Air Contaminant Emission Estimates

Toxic Air Contaminant Regulations

New or Modified HAP Source Permitting

HAP Offsets

Control Technology Requirements

Health Risk Assessments for Permitting

Hazard Identification

Exposure Assessment

Exposure Estimate

Dose-Response Assessment

Risk Characterization


Risk Management

Permitting Goals

Minimum Cost Goal

Minimum Time

Minimizing Risk

Minimize Disclosure

Permitting Team

Project Manager

Environmental Counsel

Technical Specialists

Community Relations

Team Communications

Permitting Requirements


Biological Resources

Cultural Resources

Environmental Impact Analysis

Hazardous Materials

Hazardous Wastes

Land Use


Paleontological Resources

Risk of Upset

Solid Wastes

Traffic and Transportation

Water Quality

Worker Health and Safety

Permitting Schedule

Permitting Costs

Project Changes During Permitting

Permit Conditions


Compliance Requirements

Methods to Determine Compliance

Clean Air Act Enforcement Provisions

Administrative Penalty Orders

Issuing an Order Requiring Compliance or Prohibition

Bringing Civil Action in Court

Requesting the Attorney General to Bring Criminal Action

Emergency as a Defense

Section 114 Fact-Finding

Inspection Protocol

Subject Categories

BISAC Subject Codes/Headings:
LAW / Environmental
NATURE / Environmental Conservation & Protection
TECHNOLOGY & ENGINEERING / Environmental / General