Air Quality: 5th Edition (Hardback) book cover

Air Quality

5th Edition

By Thad Godish, Wayne T. Davis, Joshua S. Fu

CRC Press

542 pages | 124 B/W Illus.

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pub: 2014-08-15
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Description

The fifth edition of a bestseller, Air Quality provides students with a comprehensive overview of air quality, the science that continues to provide a better understanding of atmospheric chemistry and its effects on public health and the environment, and the regulatory and technological management practices employed in achieving air quality goals. Maintaining the practical approach that has made previous editions so popular, the chapters have been reorganized, new material has been added, less relevant material deleted, and new images added, particularly those from Earth satellites.

See What’s New in the Fifth Edition:

  • New graphics, images, and an appended list of unit conversions
  • New problems and questions
  • Revisions and updates on the regulatory aspects related to air quality, emissions of pollutants, and particularly in the area of greenhouse gas emissions
  • Updated information on topics that affect air quality such as global warming, climate change, international issues associated with air quality and its regulation, atmospheric deposition, atmospheric chemistry, and health and environmental effects of atmospheric pollution

Written in Thad Godish’s accessible style, the book clearly elucidates the challenges we face in our fifth decade of significant regulatory efforts to protect and enhance the quality of the nation’s air. It also highlights the growing global awareness of air quality issues, climate change, and public health concerns in the developing world. The breadth of coverage, review questions at the end of each chapter, extensive glossary, and list of readings put the tools for understanding in your students’ hands.

Reviews

"This textbook is accessible to a wide audience and can be used for science and non-science majors. It offers a comprehensive review of all the major air quality issues and presents them in a balanced, logical, and scientific manner. The author offers many examples that demonstrate that air pollution is more than a regional issue, creating a scientific basis for global climate change."

—Charles Venuto, American Public University, Charles Town, West Virginia, USA

"There is a timelessness about Godish. This book has been a comforting support throughout my own development from undergraduate to educator. Previous editions of Air Quality by Thad Godish have sat comfortably on shelves globally for decades. These dog-eared tomes have fostered sound principles in generations of environmental scientists. This Fifth Edition, authored by Professor Fu and Professor Davis, honours this legacy. As in previous iterations, the language is simple but precise; scientific terms are explained in a holistic sense. For the beginner, this book is pioneering instruction; for the veteran practitioner, it is an old friend in new clothing. If you are considering investing your time in this book, don’t hesitate—it is indeed a trustworthy companion."

—Chris McCormack, Athlone Institute of Technology, Ireland

"The Fifth Edition has updated the most recent scientific findings of several pollution issues. For example, ozone depletion, and its definition and mechanism of formation, is highlighted. The Arctic Sea ice extension, the sea ice depth in the Arctic Basin, future ozone precursors such as NOx, changes in ozone, and global warming trends under the various IPCC established scenarios are described extremely well in the book. Chapter eight updates the recent changes in the NAAQSs, including the SO2, NO2, and PM2.5 pollutants. In addition, source emission standards for Hg, PM, SO2, and the effort and progress in reducing greenhouse gases such as CO2 are outlined as subjects of continued interest in the future. Overall, this is an excellent book for students who will pursue careers in environmental science. It can be offered as the core textbook for both lecture and online classes."

—Gong-Yuh Lin, California State University, Northridge, USA

"This is a well-designed and supported overview of the key air quality science subject matter as well as good introductions into new developments in air quality science. This text could be applied to air quality science courses across a variety of disciplines, from environmental science and engineering to environmental public health."

—Erik Svendsen, PhD, Tulane University School of Public Health and Tropical Medicine, New Orleans, Louisiana, USA

"… useful to get a quick and superficial overview about topics such as basic atmospheric substances, their reactions, and their dynamics."

—Prof. Dr. Tunga Salthammer, from Gefahrstoffe - Reinhaltung der Luft, July/August 2015

Table of Contents

Atmosphere

Chemical Composition

General Composition

Water

Physical Phenomena

Solar Radiation

Terrestrial Thermal Radiation

Energy Balance

Surface Temperatures

Vertical Temperature Gradients

Gravity

Atmospheric Density

Atmospheric Pressure

Atmospheric Motion

Winds

Pressure Gradient Force

Coriolis Effect

Friction

Cyclones and Anticyclones

General Circulation of the Atmosphere

Evolution of the Atmosphere

Readings

Questions

Atmospheric Pollution and Pollutants

Natural Air Pollution

Anthropogenic Air Pollution

Smog

Haze

Nontraditional Air Pollutants

Gases and Particles

Gas-Phase Pollutants

Carbon Oxides

Sulfur Compounds

Nitrogen Compounds

Hydrocarbon Compounds

Photochemical Oxidants

Atmospheric Particles

Classes and Sources

Size

Particle Shape

Chemical Composition

Source Apportionment

Behavior

Concentrations

Long-Range Transport from Sources Outside the United States

References

Readings

Questions

Atmospheric Dispersion, Transport, and Deposition

Dispersion and Transport

Wind

Turbulence

Atmospheric Stability

Inversions

Mixing Height

Topography

Pollutant Dispersion from Point Sources

Large-Scale Transport and Dispersion

Stratosphere–Troposphere Exchange

Stratospheric Circulation

Atmospheric Removal and Deposition Processes

Atmospheric Lifetimes

Deposition Processes

Meteorological Applications: Air Pollution Control

Episode Planning

Air Quality Modeling

Readings

Questions

Atmospheric Effects

Visibility

Natural Visibility Reduction

Visibility Concerns Associated with Human Activities

Factors Affecting Visibility Reduction

Meteorological Effects

Visibility Measurements

Visibility Patterns and Trends

Turbidity

Thermal Air Pollution

Effects on Precipitation and Precipitation Processes

Atmospheric Deposition

Acidic Deposition

Nitrogen Deposition

Mercury Deposition

Deposition of Pesticides, PCBs, Dioxins, and Furans

Stratospheric Ozone Depletion

Ozone Depletion Concerns

Ozone Layer Dynamics

Role of Nitrogen Oxides

Role of Chlorofluorocarbons and Other Halogenated Hydrocarbons

Antarctic Ozone Hole

Ozone Depletion in the Arctic

Trends

Changes in Surface UV Light Radiation

Ozone Depletion Effects on Human Health

Recovery of the Ozone Layer

Global Warming

Climate and Global Climate

Greenhouse Effect and Global Warming

Radiative Forcing

Greenhouse Gases

Evidence of Climate Change

Linking Climate Change to Anthropogenic Influences

Projections of the Earth’s Future Climate

Global Warming Uncertainties

Environmental Impacts

Stratospheric Gases and Atmospheric Temperature Changes

Reference

Readings

Questions

Health Effects

Air Pollution Episodes

Pollutant Exposures and Cause–Effect Relationships

Epidemiological Studies

Occupational Exposure Studies

Effect of Pollutants on the Human Body

Eye Irritation

Effects on the Cardiovascular System

Effects on the Respiratory System

Health Effects of Regulated Air Pollutants

Carbon Monoxide

Sulfur Oxides

Particulate Matter

Hydrocarbons

Nitrogen Oxides

Ozone

Lead

Hazardous Air Pollutants

Personal Air Pollution

Risk Assessment and Management

Readings

Questions

Welfare Effects

Effects on Agricultural Crops, Ornamental Plants, and Trees

Plant Injury

Economic Losses

Forest Declines

Effects on Domesticated Animals

Fluoride

Lead

Other Toxic Exposures

Ecological Effects

Phytotoxic Pollutants

Atmospheric Deposition

Stratospheric Ozone Depletion

Global Warming

Effects on Materials

Metal Corrosion

Building Materials

Paints

Textiles and Textile Dyes

Paper and Leather

Rubber

Glass

Economic Losses

Odor Pollution

Odor Measurement

Odor Problems

Readings

Questions

Air Quality and Emissions Assessment

Air Quality Monitoring

Monitoring Considerations

Reporting Pollutant Concentrations

Federal Monitoring Requirements

Emissions Assessment

Source Sampling and Monitoring

Opacity

Emission Factors

Air Quality Modeling

Gaussian Models

Model Options

Readings

Online Sources

Questions

Regulation and Public Policy

Nonregulatory Legal Remedies

Nuisance

Trespass

Regulatory Strategies and Tactics

Strategies

Tactics

Federal Legislative History

Clean Air Legislation

Clean Air Act

Motor Vehicle Air Pollution Control Act

Air Quality Act of

Clean Air Act Amendments

Clean Air Act Amendments

Clean Air Act Amendments

Federalization

Air Pollution Control under the 1970, 1977 and 1990 CAA Amendments

Air Quality Standards

Air Quality Criteria

Air Quality Control Regions

State Implementation Plans

Nonattainment of Air Quality Standards

New Source Performance Standards

Prevention of Significant Deterioration

Hazardous and Toxic Air Pollutants

Stratospheric Ozone Depletion

Acidic Deposition

Motor Vehicle Emission Control

Enforcement

Permit Requirements

Citizen Suits

Pollution Prevention

State and Local Air Pollution Control Functions

Boards and Agencies

Effectiveness of State and Local Programs

Public Policy Issues

Global Warming, the Kyoto Protocol, and Greenhouse Gas Emission Standards

Revised Ozone and Particulate Matter NAAQSs

New Source Review

Readings

Questions

Control of Motor Vehicle Emissions

Motor Vehicle Engines

Otto Cycle Spark Ignition Engines

Compression Ignition Engines

Automotive Fuels

Gasolines

Alternative Fuels

Low Emission and Zero-Emission Vehicles

Low Emission Vehicles

Hybrid Electric Vehicles

Electric Vehicles

Readings

Questions

Control of Emissions from Stationary Sources

Control Practices

Tall Stacks

Fuel Use Policies

Fugitive Emissions

Pollution Prevention

Gas Cleaning Technology

System Performance

Particle Collection Efficiency

Gas-Phase Contaminant Collection Efficiency

Control of Particulate-Phase Pollutants

Cyclonic Collectors

Electrostatic Precipitation

Filtration

Control of Gas-Phase Pollutants

Thermal Oxidation

Adsorption

Absorption

Control of Sulfur Oxides

Fluidized Bed Combustion

Biological Treatment

Control of Nitrogen Oxides

Readings

Questions

Indoor Air Quality

Personal, Indoor, and Outdoor Pollutant Relationships

Personal Pollutant Exposures

Indoor and Outdoor Pollutant Concentrations

Indoor Air Quality Concerns

Major Indoor Pollutants

Asbestos

Radon

Combustion By-Products

Aldehydes

Volatile and Semivolatile Organic Compounds

Biological Contaminants

Problem Buildings

Building-Related Illness

Sick Building Syndrome

Field Investigations and Systematic Building Studies

Risk Factors

Investigating Indoor Air Quality Problems

Measurement of Indoor Contaminants

Prevention and Control Measures

Source Management

Contaminant Control

Indoor Air Quality and Public Policy

Readings

Questions

Environmental Noise

Sound and Its Measurement

Sound Energy

Sound Measurement

Sound Exposure Descriptors

A-Weighted Sound Level

A-Weighted Sound Exposure Level

Equivalent Sound Level

Day–Night Sound Level

Loudness

Effects of Environmental Noise Exposure

Hearing Impairment

Speech Communication

Sleep Disturbance

Psychophysiological Effects

Performance

Annoyance and Social Behavior

Nonregulatory and Regulatory Control Approaches

Community Exposure Guidelines

Community Regulatory Efforts

Federal Noise Control Programs

Control Measures

Readings

Questions

Glossary

Index

About the Authors

Wayne T. Davis is currently the dean of engineering at the University of Tennessee Knoxville (UTK). He served as associate dean for Research and Technology in the college from 2003 to 2008. He is also a professor of Civil and Environmental Engineering. He earned his AB in physics from Pfeiffer University (1969), MS in physics from Clemson (1971), and MS in environmental engineering and PhD in civil engineering from UTK (1973 and 1975, respectively). He has conducted research and teaching in the area of air quality management and pollution control for more than 42 years at UTK, and is the author/coauthor/editor of numerous research publications including the Air Pollution Control Engineering Manual (published by John Wiley Publishers) and the graduate textbook Air Pollution: Its Origin and Control (published by Elsevier). He has been involved in numerous projects funded by the U.S. EPA, DOE, ORNL, NSF, DOT, and various state agencies and industrial companies, particularly as related to the monitoring and control of sulfur dioxide, ozone/precursors, and particulate matter. He is a recipient of the Lyman Ripperton Outstanding Professor Award presented by the International Air and Waste Management Association (AWMA), where he is a fellow member; he also received a Lifetime Achievement Award from the Institute of Professional and Environmental Practice (Pittsburgh, PA) in 2007. Dr. Davis served as chair of the Knox County Air Pollution Control Board for more than 22 years and currently serves on the State of Tennessee’s Air Pollution Control Board.

Joshua S. Fu is a professor at the Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering at the University of Tennessee Knoxville (UTK). He was a scientific applications analyst and software engineer at Lockheed Martin/EPA before he moved to UTK in 2000. He earned his BS in environmental engineering from National Cheng Kung University (1986), MS in environmental engineering and water resources from UCLA (1994), and PhD in civil engineering from North Carolina State University (2000). The focus of his research work includes air benefit and attainment assessment, emission estimations, development of emission control strategies, ozone and particulate matter modeling, international air quality modeling assessment, and global climate change effects of air quality. He has taught courses in the area of air quality management and pollution control at UTK, and is the author of numerous research publications and serves as a journal editor for the Journal of the Air & Waste Management Association. One of his publications on air quality has been recognized by Elsevier as one of the most cited articles in Atmospheric Environment during 2007 to 2012. He has been a principal investigator and coinvestigator for numerous projects funded by the U.S. EPA, DOE, ORNL, NASA, CDC, DOT, USDA, various state agencies, and industrial companies. He has received numerous research awards from the Chancellor, College of Engineering, and his department at UTK and ORNL. He is also actively involved in the UN ECE Task Force Hemispheric Transport of Air Pollution and Model Intercomparison Study in Asia. Dr. Fu also serves on the Knox County Air Pollution Control Board in Tennessee.

Subject Categories

BISAC Subject Codes/Headings:
NAT011000
NATURE / Environmental Conservation & Protection
SCI026000
SCIENCE / Environmental Science
TEC010000
TECHNOLOGY & ENGINEERING / Environmental / General
TEC017000
TECHNOLOGY & ENGINEERING / Industrial Health & Safety