Air Sampling and Industrial Hygiene Engineering: 1st Edition (Hardback) book cover

Air Sampling and Industrial Hygiene Engineering

1st Edition

By Martha J. Boss, Dennis W. Day

CRC Press

296 pages

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Hardback: 9781566704175
pub: 2000-12-26
$145.00
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Description

We know certain chemicals cause problems in the workplace. The issues now are: Where do they occur in the workplace? How can we best evaluate them? What are the procedures for dealing with them safely? Many books simply define the problem and tell you that you need a program. Air Sampling and Industrial Hygiene gives you a guide to air sampling protocols from start to finish.

The book presents sampling technology updated with today's tools - such as microcircuitry and remote sensing. The authors emphasize an interdisciplinary approach to understanding how air monitoring can adequately report current environmental conditions associated with outdoor media, indoor remediation efforts, proximal equipment, interior line monitoring, and the interrelationship of ventilation parameters.

In addition to providing the how-tos of sampling, this guide covers the basics of chemical risk assessment, biological assessment, engineering evaluation of mechanical system design criteria, and chemical or process engineering hazard assessments. It presents the information using text, text outlines, graphics, and pictures - including cross sections of instrumentation and side bars to elaborate on complex concepts.

Faulty readings caused by poor sampling techniques can be very costly. This book provides the how-tos for making design engineering and on-site decisions as to instrumentation selection and scheduled usage. Air Sampling and Industrial Hygiene Engineering will allow you to complete the sampling process systematically and correctly from initial suspicions to the use of obtained results.

Reviews

"There is an ongoing need for proper sampling techniques, not the least of which is air sampling. I know of no single book that covers what Boss' book intends to cover. This book could be a "stand alone" guide for air sampling." -Keith Barenklau, Ph.D., P.E., C.S.P., Consultant and author

Table of Contents

AIR SAMPLING INTRODUCTION

Documentation

Sample Documentation

Competency for Sampling Technicians

Sampling Activity Hazard Analysis (AHA)

Security

Equipment Precautions

Adverse Temperature Effects

Explosive Atmospheres

Atmospheres Containing Carcinogens

AIR SAMPLING INSTRUMENTATION OPTIONS

Volatile Organic Compound (VOC)

Ozone Meter

Toxic Gas Meters

Semi-volatile Organic Compounds (SVOC)

Acid Gases or Caustics

Mercury Analyzer-Gold Film Analyzer

Particulates - Sampled by Filtration/Impaction

Gravimetric Filter Weighing Procedure

Total Dust and Metal Fume

Respirable Dust

Inhalable Dusts

Personnel Environmental Monitors (PEMs)

Welding Fumes

Asbestos

Direct-Reading Dust Monitors

Biologicals

Radiation Monitors and Meters

Light

Ionizing Radiation

Equation 2-1

Equation 2-2

Nonionizing Radiation

CALIBRATION TECHNIQUES

Calibration Requirements

Manual Buret Bubble Meter Technique (Primary Calibration)

Electronic Flow Calibrators

Electronic Bubble Meter Method

Dry Flow Calibration

Precision Rotameter Method (Secondary)

Span Gas

Bump Testing

STATISTICAL ANALYSIS AND RELEVANCE

Definitions

Example - Outline of Bulk Sampling QA/QC Procedure

Example - Outline of the NIOSH 7400 QA Procedure

Sampling and Analytical Errors (SAE)

Sampling Methods

Calculations

Equation 4-1

Equation 4-2

Equation 4-3

Calculation Method for a Full-Period, Continuous Single Sample

Equation 4-4

Equation 4-5

Equation 4-6

Sample Calculation for Full-Period, Continuous Single Sample

Calculation Method for Full-Period Consecutive Sampling

Equation 4-7

Equation 4-8

Sample Calculation - Full-Period Consecutive Sampling

Grab Sampling

SAEs - Exposure to Chemical Mixtures

Equation 4-9

CHEMICAL RISK ASSESSMENT

Baseline Risk Assessment (BLRA)

Conceptual Site Model

Chemicals of Potential Concern (COPC)

Human Health Baseline Risk Assessment Criteria

Toxicity Assessment

Toxicological Profiles

Uncertainties Related to Toxicity Information

Potentially Exposed Populations

Environmental Fate and Transport of COPCS

Exposure Points and Exposure Routes

Complete Exposure Pathways Evaluated

Ecological Risk Assessment

Data Evaluation and Data Gaps

Uncertainties

Risk Characterization

Head Space Monitoring - Volatiles

O2/Combustible Gas Indicator (CGI)

Industrial Monitoring - Process Safety Management

Bulk Samples

BIOLOGICAL RISK ASSESSMENT

Fungi, Molds, and Risk

Biological Agents and Fungi Types

Aspergillus

Penicillium

Fungi and Disease

Fungi Control

Abatement

INDOOR AIR QUALITY (IAQ) AND ENVIRONS

Ventilation Design Guide

Example Design Conditions Guidance

Mechanical Room Layout Requirements

Electrical Equipment/Panel Coordination

General Piping Requirements

Roof Mounted Equipment

Vibration Isolation/Equipment Pads

Instrumentation

Redundancy

Exterior Heat Distribution System

Thermal Insulation of Mechanical Systems

Plumbing System

Compressed Air System

Air Supply and Distribution System

Ductwork Design

Ventilation and Exhaust Systems

Testing, Adjusting and Balancing of HVAC Systems

Ventilation Adequacy

Laboratory Fume Hood Performance Criteria

Flow Hoods

Thermoanemometer

Other Velometers

AREA MONITORING & CONTINGENCY PLANNING

Area of Influence Perimeter

Air Monitoring by Task Page

Evacuation Zones

Site Work Zone

Radiation Sites

Equation 8-1

Equation 8-2

Equation 8-3

Equation 8-4

Equation 8-5

Table 8-1

Equation 8-6

Table 8-2

Equation 8-7

Equation 8-8

Table 8-4

Sample Weighting Factors

Table 8-5

Table 8-6

Equation 8-9

Equation 8-10

Equation 8-11

Equation 8-12

Table 8-7

MICROCIRCUITRY AND REMOTE MONITORING

Continuous Indoor Air Quality Monitoring in Buildings

Industrial/Remediation Process Monitoring

OCCUPATIONAL HEALTH - AIR MONITORING STRATEGIES

Exposure Measurements

STEL Sampling

Exposure Fluctuations

Air Sampling Pump Donning

Air Sampling - Asbestos

Table 10-1

Formula for Calculation of the 95 Percent Confidence Level

Table 10-2 NIOSH Method 7400

Table 10-3

EPA AHERA Method: TEM Air Sampling Protocol

Crystalline Silica Samples Analyzed by X-ray Diffraction (XRD)

Metals - Welding

General Technique for Wipe Sampling

MONITORING FOR TOXICOLOGICAL RISK

Types of Sampling

Quality Control

Exposure Evaluation Criteria

Examples of Chemicals that Require Monitoring

Confined Space Monitoring

Welding

RISK COMMUNICATION AND ENVIRONMENTAL MONITORING

Federal Legislation

Key Compliance Requirements

Key Compliance Definitions

Community Relations

GLOSSARY OF TERMS

INDEX

Subject Categories

BISAC Subject Codes/Headings:
NAT011000
NATURE / Environmental Conservation & Protection
TEC009070
TECHNOLOGY & ENGINEERING / Mechanical
TEC017000
TECHNOLOGY & ENGINEERING / Industrial Health & Safety