Using a diverse set of successful alternative programs as case examples, professionals who have been involved directly in the organization and development of alternative social programs explain the complicated process of planning and implementing new agencies. Alternative social agencies have emerged over the past two decades in response to a variety of needs not being met by older established agencies, but their survival is often limited. This comprehensive volume will help all of those involved in social administration to question their own administrative practices and struggle with new approaches that can best meet the needs of their present and/or potential constituencies. Existing social agencies will find these innovative ideas to be adaptable in meeting changing social conditions, service needs, and target populations. Topics include various direct services in voluntary health-related organizations and agencies; public sector agencies that are not usually associated with alternative programs; and descriptions of effective indirect service.