Ambrose: Church and Society in the Late Roman World, 1st Edition (e-Book) book cover

Ambrose

Church and Society in the Late Roman World, 1st Edition

By John Moorhead

Routledge

246 pages

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Description

An account, and assessment, of the career of St Ambrose (339-397), from 374 bishop of Milan and one of the four Doctors of the Christian Church (with Sts. Jerome, Augustine and Gregory the Great). A key figure in the transition of the later Roman Empire into its medieval successor, Western Christendom, Ambrose was deeply involved in the political, social and religious issues of his day: struggles between church and state (especially with Emperor Theodosius), the fight against heresy, but he also had a deep influence on Church thought such as the role and status of women. John Moorhead considers all these dimensions in a book that will be of compelling interest to historians of the Church and the late classical world and classical studies.

Table of Contents

Editor's Preface and Acknowledgements viii

Abbreviations x

Introduction 1

CHAPTER 1 Beginnings 15

A new bishop 15

Ambrose 19

Taking office 22

Background and experience 25

The office of bishop 30

Death of a brother 36

CHAPTER 2 Women 40

The two sexes 41

The wife 43

The virgin 51

The senses 54

The body 56

Sweetness tempting men 59

Masculinity 60

Women pleasing themselves 62

Virginity and society 63

Women in private and public 68

CHAPTER 3 The Bible 71

Ambrose's writing on the Bible 72

Ambrose's approach to the Bible 75

Literal interpretation 77

Allegorical interpretation 79

The case of David 82

AMBROSE

The Bible 84

Christ in the Bible 86

Two miracles 88

Coming down and going up 92

A parable 94

Ambrose's piety 96

Structural coherence: the case

of Shechem 98

Allegory across the centuries 100

CHAPTER 4 Church, State, Heretics and Pagans 102

The success of the church 102

The state 104

The church as female 106

Polemic against anti-Nicaeans III

Persecution of anti-Nicaeans 118

Pagans 122

CHAPTER 5 The Bishop and the City 129

Milan, sinful or Christian? 129

A skirmish over churches 132

Martyrdom 134

Easter 386 137

Music and hymns 140

The significance of Easter 143

Controversy with anti-Nicaeans 147

The discovery of relics 150

Ambrose victorious 154

The city and its bishop 156

CHAPTER 6 On Duties 157

The De Officiis 158

The clergy 161

Ambrose and classical thought 164

Neoplatonism 169

Synthesis 177

Conclusion 180

CHAPTER 7 The Elderly Bishop 182

The Jews 182

Callinicum 185

Repression at Thessaloniki 192

Church affairs 196

vi

AMBROSE

The Bible 84

Christ in the Bible 86

Two miracles 88

Coming down and going up 92

A parable 94

Ambrose's piety 96

Structural coherence: the case

of Shechem 98

Allegory across the centuries 100

CHAPTER 4 Church, State, Heretics and Pagans 102

The success of the church 102

The state 104

The church as female 106

Polemic against anti-Nicaeans 111

Persecution of anti-Nicaeans 118

Pagans 122

CHAPTER 5 The Bishop and the City 129

Milan, sinful or Christian? 129

A skirmish over churches 132

Martyrdom 134

Easter 386 137

Music and hymns 140

The significance of Easter 143

Controversy with anti-Nicaeans 147

The discovery of relics 150

Ambrose victorious 154

The city and its bishop 156

CHAPTER 6 On Duties 157

The De Officiis 158

The clergy 161

Ambrose and classical thought 164

Neoplatonism 169

Synthesis 177

Conclusion 180

CHAPTER 7 The Elderly Bishop 182

The Jews 182

Callinicum 185

Repression at Thessaloniki 192

Church affairs 196

The death of Valentinian 197

The death of Theodosius 202

Last years 206

CHAPTER 8 Nachleben 210

Bibliography 219

Map: The late Roman world of Ambrose 228

Index

About the Author

John Moorhead

About the Series

The Medieval World

The Medieval World series covers post Roman and medieval societies and major figures in Europe and the Mediterranean, including western, central and eastern Europe as well as North Africa, the Middle East, and Byzantium. Books in the series cover a broad spectrum of subjects. These range from general topics, such as rural and urban economies, religion and religious institutions, rulership, law, conflict and power, gender and sexuality, and material culture, to biographies and interpretations of major figures, from kings, emperors and popes to saints and theologians.

Books in the Medieval World Series are intended to be an introduction to the authors’ specialist subjects and a gateway into the state of the art and current debates in those subjects – the book they would like their students to read before they take advanced undergraduate or graduate level seminars, and that scholars and students in other fields, both inside and outside of medieval history, would resort to first to learn about current work on these subjects.

At the same time, books in the series should be original scholarly monographs that contribute to their authors’ specific fields of interest. They should not only present the state of the art and introduce readers to current debates; they should express the authors’ ideas and develop them into innovative arguments that will contribute to and influence those debates.

The books should range in length between 100,000-and 140,000 words (including notes and other reference material). They may also contain a small number of images, provided that those images are discussed in the text.

If you are interested in writing for the series please contact:

Warren Brown, [email protected] and Piotr Górecki, [email protected]

Series Editors, The Medieval World

Learn more…

Subject Categories

BISAC Subject Codes/Headings:
HIS000000
HISTORY / General
HIS010000
HISTORY / Europe / General
HIS037010
HISTORY / Medieval
REL070000
RELIGION / Christianity / General