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American English Grammar
An Introduction





ISBN 9780367219406
Published December 17, 2019 by Routledge
332 Pages 5 B/W Illustrations

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Book Description

American English Grammar introduces students to American English in detail, from parts of speech, phrases, and clauses to punctuation and explaining (and debunking) numerous "rules of correctness," integrating its discussion of Standard American grammar with thorough coverage of the past sixty years’ worth of work on African American English and other ethnic and regional non-Standard varieties. The book’s examples and exercises include 500 real-world sentences and longer texts, drawn from newspapers, film, song lyrics, and online media as well as from Mark Twain, Stephen King, academic texts, translations of the Bible, poetry, drama, children’s literature, and transcribed conversation and TV and radio shows. Based on twenty years of classroom testing and revision, American English Grammar will serve as a classroom text or reference that teaches students how to think and talk not only about the mechanics of sentences but also about the deep and detailed soul and nuance of the most widely used language in human history.

Table of Contents

Contents

Introduction

Language Variety and Grammar

The Point of the Book

A Summary of the Book

Key Points

A Guide to Non-Standard American Varieties

Acknowledgements

Credits

Abbreviations and Conventions

Introduction Notes

Chapter 1: Sentences; Parts of Speech and Their Phrases

    1. Sentences: Subjects, Verbs, Verb Complements, and Sentence Modifiers

1.2 Parts of Speech and Their Phrases

Key Points

1.3 Exercises: Sentences

Chapter 1: Notes

Chapter 2: Nouns (N) and Noun Phrases (NP)

2.1 Noun Features

2.2 Noun Phrases

2.3 Noun Phrase Functions

Key Points

2.4 Exercises: Noun Phrases

Chapter 2 Notes

Chapter 3: Prepositions (P) and Prepositional Phrases (PP)

3.1 Prepositions: Form and Function

3.2 Prepositional Phrases: Form and Function

3.3 Prepositions and Language Variation

Key Points

3.4 Exercises: Prepositional Phrases

Chapter 3 Notes

Chapter 4: Adjectives (Adj) and Adjective Phrases (AdjP); Determiners (D) and Determiner Phrases (DP)

4.1 Adjective Forms

4.1.1 Adjective Phrases: Forms and Functions

4.2 Determiners (D) and Determiner Phrases (DP)

4.2.1 Determiner Forms

4.2.2 Determiner Phrases: Forms and Functions

4.3 What makes determiners different from adjectives? And why are number determiners?

Key Points

4.4 Exercises

Chapter 4 Notes

Chapter 5: Pronouns (ProN) and Pronoun Phrases (ProNP)

5.1 Pronoun Forms

5.2 Pronoun Attributes: Case, Number, Person, Gender, Animateness

5.3 Pronoun Functions

5.4 Identifying Pronouns

Key Points

5.5 Exercises: Pronouns

Chapter 5 Notes

Chapter 6: Verbs (V)

6.1 Verb Forms

6.1.1 Tense

6.1.2 Modality, Aspect, and Voice

6.1.2.1 Modality

6.1.2.2 Aspect

6.1.2.3 Voice

6.1.3 Tense, Modality, Aspect, Voice: Putting Them All Together

6.1.4 Imperative Mood

6.1.5 Subjunctive Mood

6.1.6 Auxiliary

6.1.7 Generic Past Semi-auxiliary used to

6.1.8 Non-Standard Absent be

6.1.9 How many bes are there?

6.2 Identifying Verbs

Key Points

6.3 Exercises: Verbs: Tense, Mood, Aspect, Voice

Chapter 6 Notes

Chapter 7: Verb Phrases (VP)

7.1 Verb Complements

7.1.1 Verbs with No Complements: Intransitive Verbs

7.1.2 Verbs with One Complement

7.1.2.1 Monotransitive Verbs

7.1.2.2 Intransitive Linking Verbs and Copular be with a Nominal or Adjectival Subject Complement

7.1.2.3 Intransitive Copular be with an Adverbial Subject Complement

7.1.2.4 Intransitive Verbs with an Adverbial Complement

7.1.2.5 Intransitive Quotative Verbs

7.1.3 Verbs with Two Complements

7.1.3.1 Ditransitive Verbs

7.1.3.2 Complex Transitive Verbs with a Direct Object and a Nominal or Adjectival Object Complement

7.1.3.3 Complex Transitive Verbs with a Direct Object and an Adverbial Object Complement

7.1.3.4 Complex Transitive Verbs with a Direct Object and a Participle Phrase

7.1.3.5 Complex Transitive Verbs with Direct Object and Infinitive Phrase

7.1.3.6 Transitive Quotative Verbs

7.1.4 Phrasal Verbs (PV)

7.1.4.1 Intransitive PVs

7.1.4.2 PVs with One Particle and One Complement

7.1.4.2.1 Transitive Separable PVs

7.1.4.2.2 Transitive Inseparable PVs

7.1.4.3 Transitive PV with a Second NP Verb Complement

7.1.4.4 Transitive PV with Two Inseparable Particles

7.1.4.5 Phrasal Verbs with Two Particles and Two Complements

7.1.4.5.1 Transitive PV with Two Separable Particles and a NP:VC

7.1.4.5.2 Transitive PV with Two Inseparable Particles and a NP:VC

7.2 Summary of Verb Complement and Phrasal Verb Patterns

Key Points

7.3 Exercises: Verb Complements and Phrasal Verbs

Chapter 7 Notes

Chapter 8: Adverbs (Adv) and Adverb Phrases (AdvP)

8.1 Adverb Phrases

8.2 Identifying Adverbs

8.3 Negation

Key Points

8.4 Exercises: Adverb Phrases

Chapter 8 Notes

Chapter 9: Conjunctions (Conj)

9.1 Coordinating Conjunctions

9.2 Conjoining Punctuation

9.2.1 Commas

9.2.2 An Aside about Semicolons

9.2.3 An Aside about Dashes, Hyphens, and Parentheses

9.2.4 A Further Aside on Hyphens

9.2.5 Hey: What about Colons?

9.2.6 One More Conjunctive Punctuation Mark You Don’t Think About: Virgules

9.2.7 Summary of Conjoining Punctuation "Rules"

A Brief Discussion of Interjections

Key Points

9.3 Exercises: Conjunctions and Conjoining Punctuation

Chapter 9 Notes

Chapter 10: Clauses

10.1 Independent Clauses—a.k.a. Sentences

10.1.1 Interrogative Sentences

10.1.2 Imperative Mood Sentences

10.1.3 Expletive there

10.1.4 Expletive it

10.1.5 Passive Voice

10.1.6 Inversion

10.2 Dependent Clauses

10.2.1 Adjective Clauses (AdjCl; a.k.a. Relative Clauses)

10.2.1.1 Relative Pro-words

10.2.2 Noun Clauses (NCl)

10.2.3 Adverb Clauses (AdvCl; a.k.a. Subordinate Clauses)

10.2.3.1 Subordinating Conjunctions (SConj)

Key Points

10.3 Exercises: Clauses

Chapter 10 Notes

Chapter 11: Nominals, Adjectivals, and Adverbials

11.1 Nominals

11.2 Adjectivals

11.3 Adverbials

11.3.1 Scope

11.3.2 Subjunct Adverbials

11.3.3 Adjunct Adverbials

11.3.4 Disjunct Adverbials

11.3.5 Conjunctive Adverbials

11.3.6 Sentence Modifiers and Clause Modifiers

Key Points

11.4 Exercises: Nominals, Adjectivals, and Adverbials

Chapter 11 Notes

Chapter 12: Non-Finite Verb Phrases

12.1 Participles (Part) and Participle Phrases (PartP)

12.1.1 Nominal Participle Phrases

12.1.2 Adjectival Participle Phrases

12.1.3 Adverbial Participle Phrases

12.1.4 The Agent of the Participle

12.1.5 PartPs with Auxiliary and Semi-Auxiliary Verbs

12.1.6 PartPs Preceded by a Subordinator

12.2 Infinitives (Inf) and Infinitive Phrases (InfP)

12.2.1 Nominal Infinitive Phrases

12.2.2 Adjectival Infinitive Phrases

12.2.3 Adverbial Infinitive Phrases

12.2.4 The Agent of the Infinitive

12.2.5 InfPs with Auxiliary and Semi-Auxiliary Verbs

12.2.6 InfPs Preceded by a Subordinator

Key Points

12.3 Exercises: Participle and Infinitive Phrases

Chapter 12 Notes

Chapter 13: A Grand Review Exercise

Index

 

 

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Author(s)

Biography

Seth R. Katz is Associate Professor and Associate Chair in the Department of English at Bradley University, USA.

Reviews

"Notwithstanding the abundance of grammar books, we have a critical need for a unique text on American English that treats diversity as natural and is based on sentences and texts representing a full range of uses—from well-known, expert writers to online media and song lyrics. This is such a text as it guides students to see the language soul beyond the structure of sentences."

—Walt Wolfram, North Carolina State University, USA

"I took Dr. Katz’s grammar course while he was developing American English Grammar, and his training proved revolutionary for my teaching, my students, and my own personal understanding of grammar. Dr. Katz’s common-sense approach to describing how language comes together, rather than the traditional defining of rules, has helped me give my students the freedom to explore language with joy and delight. Instead of requiring students to memorize lists and rules, AEG scaffolds the skills necessary to truly study the inner workings of our nuanced language."

—Erik Czerwin, English Language Arts teacher, Rockford, Illinois, USA

"I approach American English Grammar having had the benefit of learning from an earlier version of this textbook as an undergraduate. The foundation in analytical grammar that AEG provides equips the diligent student with the tools needed to understand not just what we write, but how and why we do so. The true strength of AEG is in its extensive examples and in how it encourages discussion and argumentation in classification. In my own educational career, while I was rarely called upon to diagram a sentence, I have often fallen back on the analytical training this text provides while in both the EFL and the college composition classroom."

—Christopher Douglas, Jacksonville State University, USA

"Many grammar textbooks relegate discussion of nonstandard varieties to a single chapter; however, American English Grammar discusses nonstandard variation in each chapter and provides examples of variation within each subcategory of discussion. This is important because students see variation in all areas of grammar, which means as they learn grammatical analysis they learn that different varieties demonstrate different features. The significant result is that variation is not error and that Standard English is not 'correct' English. A second key aspect of AEG for me is the use of examples that demonstrate the concepts being discussed, drawn from existing texts and almost always working with sources and language in use. That helps both students and instructors. … I appreciate Katz’s sense that the goal is to become an analyst, not to analyze in one particular way, encouraging students to think in terms of interpretation and evidence rather than correct and incorrect."

—John M. Ware, Wofford College, USA

"Seth R. Katz’s American English Grammar is a college-level textbook that introduces the basic grammatical elements that define American English, not only those of Standard English (SE) but also several varieties of the language. Katz differentiates standard and non-standard varieties of American English Grammar (AEG) on the basis of differing rules rather than treating the standard as a measure of correctness. In so doing, Katz equips students to both understand the workings of SE and to critically analyze the social basis for its position as a standard. Indeed, through a descriptive approach to grammar education, this book has the potential to empower students to distinguish between varieties of English by their different rules. As a result, readers develop an understanding that discrimination is often based in an individual or social group’s use of one set of grammatical rules over another. … American English Grammar provides a thorough description of the most basic elements of AEG in a manner that engages with its student audience. The book covers eight grammatical elements: nouns, prepositions, adjectives, determiners, pronouns, verbs, adverbs, and conjunctions. Throughout, Katz provides examples from diverse texts, from ancient texts like the Bible to transcriptions of contemporary TV shows. Moreover, he demonstrates various approaches to interpreting particular passages; he makes clear where his exposition diverges from traditional and prescriptivist approaches to the study of grammar, and where applicable, he offers ways of testing a particular interpretation. At the end of each chapter, Katz provides exercises and a list of key points to recap the content covered, and he concludes the book with a review exercise where students are asked to analyze a brief essay from a popular magazine and identify all the grammatical structures covered in the book. … Accessible and filled with tools, American English Grammar provides college-level students with the critical lenses to assess the rules which define the common varieties of AEG, including but not limited to SE. By explaining the grammatical rules that non-standard varieties follow, as well as the arbitrary history of many SE rules, this book empowers students with the descriptive tools to critically understand how the English language works and what makes one variety different from another. In short, this book gives students the tools and confidence to think like descriptive grammarians by making the study of English grammar inclusive of multiple varieties of AEG and of multiple interpretations of grammatical elements."

The ATEG Journal 30 (2021)