This book offers a chronology, subheadings, and terms to provide the reader a pedagogical framework for understanding the central themes and events in the American military experience and their relation to American history. It serves as a foundation for undergraduate courses in military history.
Found in this section: 1. Brief Table of Contents 2. Full Table of Contents 1. BRIEF TABLE OF CONTENTS Chapter 1 The First American Way of War Chapter 2 The Colonies and Wars for Empire Chapter 3 Independence and the Birth of a National Military Chapter 4 The Young Nation and Its Young Military Challenged Chapter 5 The Second War of Independence Chapter 6 Agents of Empire Chapter 7 Toward a Professional Military Chapter 8 Civil War & Reconstruction Chapter 9 Becoming a Modern Military Chapter 10 "Over There" Chapter 11 The Interwar Years Chapter 12 A Second Great War Chapter 13 Postwar Reform and New Military Challenges Chapter 14 Challenges of the Cold War Chapter 15 Vietnam Chapter 16 Military Challenges in a Changing World Chapter 17 Into the Twenty-First Century 2. FULL TABLE OF CONTENTS Chapter 1: The First American Way of War Introduction The American Colonies and the British Military Tradition Colonial Militia and Military Organization A Clash of Cultures Virginia and the Powhatan Document: John Smith's Proposal to Subjugate the Powhatan New England's Pequot War King Philip's War Conclusion Further Reading Chapter 2: The Colonies and Wars for Empire Introduction The Colonies: Strategic Contours King William's War Queen Anne's War King George's War The Great War for Empire (1756-1763) Document: George Washington Describes Braddock's Defeat to Robert Dinwiddie, July 18, 1755 Conclusion Further Reading Chapter 3: Independence and the Birth of a National Military Introduction Toward A Break with Great Britain The War for Independence The Northern Phase (1775-1777) The Southern Phase (1778-1781) The Naval War The Final Campaign The End of the Continental Army Document: Washington Returns His Commission to Congress A New Constitution The Constitution and Military Conclusion Further Reading Chapter 4: The Young Nation and Its Young Military Challenged Introduction Building an Army Fighting Indians and Insurrection An Academy at West Point Building a Navy The Quasi War Jefferson's Gunboats The Tripolitan War Document: Congressional Resolution Praising Commodore Preble The Chesapeake-Leopard Affair The Hunger for Expansion Conclusion Further Reading Chapter 5: The Second War of Independence Introduction A Declaration of War First Moves-Western Canada Document: "We have met the enemy and they are ours"-The Battle of Lake Erie The Niagara Campaign The Campaign of 1814 The War Ends The Beginnings of a Professional Military Conclusion Further Reading Chapter 6: Agents of Empire Introduction The Military and a Changing Nation The Army and the West The Naval Expeditions Document: Perry Describes Burial of a Marine in Japan Frontier Constabulary and Indian Affairs Conclusion Further Reading Chapter 7: Toward a Professional Military Introduction Napoleon and a Revolution in Warfare War with Mexico Document: Congressman Abraham Lincoln Supports General Taylor for President in 1848 Conclusion Further Reading Chapter 8: Civil War & Reconstruction Introduction Yanks and Rebs Strategic and Technological Contours Civil War Armies The Eastern Theater (1861-1863) Document: Joshua Lawrence Chamberlain's After-Action Report from Little Round Top The Western Theater (1861-1863) The Naval War Grant Takes Command Reconstruction Conclusion Further Reading Chapter 9: Becoming a Modern Military Introduction Indian Wars The National Guard Renewed push toward Professionalism Building a Modern Navy War with Spain Document: Theodore Roosevelt Reports from Santiago de Cuba Insurrections and Rebellions Conclusion Further Reading Chapter 10: "Over There" Introduction Proving Ground: The Punitive Expedition "Over There" Document: Captain Harry Truman Writes Home to Bess, 1918 The Navy in the Great War The American Air War Impact of American Involvement in the Great War Conclusion Further Reading Chapter 11: The Interwar Years Introduction Postwar Duties The Army of the United States Doctrine For Airpower Document: Colonel Billy Mitchell's Statement to the Press, September 1925 First Line of Defense: The Fleet The Marine Corps and the Development of Amphibious Warfare War Planning Conclusion Further Reading Chapter 12: A Second Great War Introduction Preparing for War The War in the Pacific Mediterranean Theater and the Rise of American Leadership Northwest Europe (1944-1945) Document: Eisenhower's Personal Memorandum of June 3, 1944 Women and Minorities in the War Effort The Bomb Conclusion Further Reading Chapter 13: Postwar Reform and New Military Challenges Introduction Defense Reorganization and Creation of an Independent Air Force Revolt of the Admirals Integration of the Armed Forces Document: Executive Order 9981 Containment and the Military The Korean War Phase I: The United Nations Defensive (June 27-September 15, 1950) Phase II: The United Nations Offensive (September 15-November 2, 1950) Phase III: The Communist Chinese Forces (CCF) Intervention (November 3-January 24, 1951) Phase iv: First United Nations Counteroffensive (January 25-April 21, 1951) and Chinese Spring Offensive (April 22-July 8, 1951) Phase v: Fighting while Negotiating (July 9, 1951-July 27, 1953) Conclusion Further Reading Chapter 14: Challenges of the Cold War Introduction Strategic Contours NATO and Preparing for War in Europe Eisenhower's New Look The Rise of Civilian Strategists SIOPs Regional Challenges Quemoy and Matsu The Middle East U-2 Shoot Down Document: Eisenhower Responds to U-2 Shoot Down Kennedy and the Cold War Building a Flexible Response The Berlin Crisis Missiles in Cuba Conclusion Further Reading Chapter 15: Vietnam Introduction Early American Involvement The Advisors' War Americanizing the War The Air Campaign Naval Operations Tet Document: A Medal of Honor at Hue Vietnamization Anti-War Activism Peace with Honor The American Experience in Vietnam Conclusion Further Reading Chapter 16: Military Challenges in a Changing World Introduction Toward a New Military Reforming Training, Rethinking Doctrine Cold War and the Military DESERT ONE, Lebanon, Grenada, and Defense Reorganization "No More Vietnams" Document: American Objectives in the Gulf War Peacekeeping and Nation Building Conclusion Further Reading Chapter 17: Into the Twenty-First Century Introduction A New War Operation IRAQI FREEDOM Challenges for the Future Conclusion Further Reading