American Neuroscience in the Twentieth Century: 1st Edition (Hardback) book cover

American Neuroscience in the Twentieth Century

1st Edition

By H.W. Magoun, L. Marshall

CRC Press

500 pages

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Description

A history of how neural, behavioural and communicative subdisciplines coalesced in neuroscience to create a promising approach to understanding the relation of mind to brain. It chronicles the expansion of prominent centres of research and the development of innovative apparatus and concepts.

Table of Contents

PREFACE AND FOREWORD

INTRODUCTION: EARLY NORTH AMERICAN SCIENCE

PART 1 NEURAL SCIENCES

CHAPTER 1 PRODROMAL NINETEENTH-CENTURY

DEVELOPMENTS

Skullduggery Abroad and at Home

Brainwatchers

Where is Sex in the Brain?

The Philadelphia Story

CHAPTER 2 PASSAGE TO THE TWENTIETH CENTURY

An American School of Comparative Neurology

Functional Components of Cranial Nerves in

Lower Orders

Forebrains of Reptiles, Birds, and Eventually Mammals

CHAPTER 3 CONSOLIDATION AND DISCOVERY

Filling Gaps between Animal Classes

Pioneers in Primate Studies of Thalamocortical

Relations

CHAPTER 4 ELECTROPHYSIOLOGY OVERTAKES

MORPHOLOGY

Transatlantic Crossings of Students and Lecturers

Somatic Localization in Primates

A Midwestern Center of Excellence

CHAPTER 5 NEW TRAILS ON FRESH TERRAIN

Visceral and Somatic Physiology of the

Lower Brain Stem

Emergence of Neuroendocrinology

Role of the Hypothalamus in Homeostasis

CHAPTER 6 THE PERIPHERAL NERVOUS SYSTEM

Physiology of the Axons

Mostly Membranes

Neurochemistry and Neuropharmacology

CHAPTER 7 INTO THE CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM

Evoked Potentials

Development of Electroencephalography

An Integrative Neurobiology

PART 2 BEHAVIORAL SCIENCES

CHAPTER 8 DEVELOPMENT OF EXPERIMENTAL

PSYCHOLOGY

A Common Heritage

Divergence: Psychology in America

and its Pioneers

Introspection as Method

CHAPTER 9 ANIMAL BEHAVIOR AND COMPARATIVE

PSYCHOLOGY

A Nineteenth-Century Study of Animal Behavior

Development of Comparative Psychology

in America

The Law of Effect: From Thorndike to Skinner,

Olds to Miller

Spread of Behaviorism

CHAPTER 10 PREFRONTAL CORTEX OF INFRAHUMAN

PRIMATES

Experimental Rigor

Primatology at Yale University

The Primate Center Dream

CHAPTER 11 "THAT WHALE AMONG THE FISHES – THE

THEORY OF EMOTIONS"

The James-Lange Theory

Signs of Interest

The Circuit of Papez

A Functional Turning Point

CHAPTER 12 SEX AND THE BRAIN

Spotlight on Human Sexuality

Neurophysiology of Sex

Experimental Attack

CHAPTER 13 "THE ROOT OF CONSCIOUSNESS"

Historical Prelude

American Perspectives

A Neurosurgeon’s Obligation

PART 3 COMMUNICATIVE SCIENCES

CHAPTER 14 INFRAHUMAN COMMUNICATION

Dolphin Brains and Communicative Ability

Echolocation

Beauty of Bird Song and Singing

Communication by Infrahuman Primates

CHAPTER 15 SPEECH AND HUMAN LANGUAGE

Aphasias

Neurologists and Functional Differentiation

Language and Neurolinguistics

Developmental problems

CHAPTER 16 POSTSCRIPT

REFERENCES

INDEX

About the Authors

Magoun\, H.W.; Marshall\, L.

Subject Categories

BISAC Subject Codes/Headings:
PSY020000
PSYCHOLOGY / Neuropsychology
SCI089000
SCIENCE / Life Sciences / Neuroscience
TEC009020
TECHNOLOGY & ENGINEERING / Civil / General