This book takes a transnational and comparative approach that analyses the process of diffusion of a third way in selected transitions to authoritarianism in Europe and Latin America.
When looking at the authoritarian wave of the 1930s, it is not difficult to see how some regimes appeared to offer an authoritarian third way somewhere between democracy and fascism. It is in this context that some Iberian dictatorships, such as those of Primo de Rivera in Spain, Salazar’s New State in Portugal and the short-lived Dollfuss regime in Austria are mentioned frequently. Especially during the 1930s, and in those parts of Europe under Axis control, these models were discussed and often adopted by several dictatorships. This book considers how and why these dictatorships on the periphery of Europe, especially Salazar’s New State in Portugal, inspired some of these regimes’ new political institutions particularly within Europe and Latin America. It pays special attention to how, as they proposed and pursued these authoritarian reforms, these domestic political actors also looked at these institutional models as suitable for their own countries.
The volume is ideal for students and scholars of comparative fascism, authoritarian regimes, and European and Latin American modern history and politics.
Table of Contents
List of Contributors
The Diffusion of Authoritarian Models in the Era of Fascism: An Introduction
António Costa Pinto
- Looking for a Third Way: Salazar’s Dictatorship and the Diffusion of Authoritarian Models in the Era of Fascism
António Costa Pinto
2. The Multifaceted Appeal of the Portuguese New State: Foreign Book Donors in Salazar’s Library
Rita de Almeida Carvalho and Duncan Simpson
3. ‘Salazar’s Splendid Dictatorship’: Selling Authoritarian Ideas in Democratic Denmark
4. Portuguese Salazarism as an Example for a Third Way ‘Renewal’ in the Netherlands, 1933-1946
Robin de Bruin
5. Unlikely Mediterranean authoritarian crossings: Salazar’s Portugal as Model for the 4th of August Dictatorship in Greece (1936-40)
6. Vichy and the Salazarist Model
Olivier Dard and Ana Isabel Sardinha-Desvignes
7. Dimitrije Ljotić□and□Zbor`s Corporatist Project for Interwar Yugoslavia
8. Corporatist Models in the Ideology of the Czechoslovak National Fascist Community
9.The Three Faces of Croatian Corporatism, 1941-1945
10. The Andes Encounters the Iberian Dictatorships: Perceptions of Salazarism and Francoism in Ecuador, Peru and Colombia (1930-1950)
11. Selective Appropriations of Iberian Dictatorships and the Radical Right in 1930s Argentina and Chile
12. Intellectual Debates about Catholic Corporatism in 1930s Brazil
Luciano Aronne de Abreu and Gabriel Duarte Costaguta
António Costa Pinto is Research Professor at the Institute of Social Sciences, University of Lisbon. His research interests include fascism and authoritarianism, political elites, and democratization. He is the author of The Nature of Fascism Revisited (2012) and Latin America Dictatorships in the Era of Fascism (2020).