400 pages | 28 B/W Illus.
This pioneering and celebrated work was the first, and remains the standard, account of the economic history of the huge area conventionally known as West Africa.
The book ranges from prehistoric times to independence and covers the former French territories, as well as those colonised by the British. It criticises conventional beliefs about economic backwardness, offers an alternative account that explains the particular configuration of poverty that characterised the pre-colonial period, and assesses the consequences of the region’s interaction with the wider world – from the growth of the Saharan and Atlantic trades to the rise and demise of colonial rule. This edition contains a substantial new Introduction that discusses the development of the subject during the past 50 years, evaluates the debate over the original interpretation, and provides a valuable guide to additional reading, bringing the reader up to date with current scholarship on the subject, as well as providing avenues for further independent research.
Appearing at a time when the study of African economic history is enjoying a revival and is engaging economists as well as historians, the book fills a large gap in African studies, provides newcomers with a stimulating point of entry into the subject, and contributes to our understanding of wider issues of global underdevelopment.
'An Economic History of West Africa asserts the centrality of the market in historical reconstruction, thereby exposing the crisis of adaptation to the ending of the Atlantic slave trade, the shift to primary commodity production, and the economic cycles that presaged European imperialism, conquest and the distorted development of colonialism. Hopkins's reflective Introduction is a masterful overview of how he has stimulated research and shaped debate ever since.'
Paul Lovejoy, York University, Canada
List of maps
List of figures
Preface to the previous edition
Preface to the second edition
Introduction to the Second Edition
1 Approaches to Africa’s economic past
2 The domestic economy: structure and function
3 External trade: the Sahara and the Atlantic
4 The economic basis of imperialism
5 An economic model of colonialism
6 Completing the open economy
7 The open economy under strain
8 The economy in retrospect