An Introduction to Ceramics and Refractories: 1st Edition (Hardback) book cover

An Introduction to Ceramics and Refractories

1st Edition

By A. O. Surendranathan

CRC Press

524 pages | 239 B/W Illus.

Purchasing Options:$ = USD
Hardback: 9781482220445
pub: 2014-12-10
$140.00
x
eBook (VitalSource) : 9780429068324
pub: 2014-12-10
from $28.98


FREE Standard Shipping!

Description

All Refractories Are Ceramics but Not All Ceramics Are Refractories

Ceramics and refractories cover a wide range of fields and applications, and their relevance can be traced as far back as 24,000 BC to the first man-made piece of earthenware, and as recently as the late 1900s when ceramics and ceramic matrix composites were developed to withstand ultra-high temperatures. Beginning with a detailed history of ceramics, An Introduction to Ceramics and Refractories examines every aspect of ceramics and refractories, and explores the connection between them. The book establishes refractories as a class of ceramics with high fusion points, introduces the fundamentals of refractories and ceramics, and also addresses several applications for each.

Understand Ceramic Properties and Refractory Behavior

The book details applications for natural and synthetic ceramics, as well as traditional and engineering applications. It focuses on the various thermal and thermo-mechanical properties of ceramics, classifies refractories, describes the principles of thermodynamics as applied to refractories, and highlights new developments and applications in the ceramic and refractory fields. It also presents end-of-chapter problems and a relevant case study.

Divided into three sections, this text:

  • Introduces and details the applications of ceramics and refractories
  • Discusses the selection of materials and the two stages in selection
  • Describes the phase equilibriums in ceramic and refractory systems
  • Outlines the three important systems: unary, binary, and ternary
  • Considers corrosion of ceramics and refractories, failures in ceramics and refractories, and the design aspects
  • Addresses bonding, structures of ceramics, defects in ceramics, and ceramics’ microstructures
  • Covers the production of ceramic powders starting from the raw materials
  • Explains four forming methods
  • Highlights three types of thermal treatments
  • Defines mechanical properties, and thermal and thermo-mechanical properties
  • Classifies materials and designates classes

Addressing topics that include corrosion, applications, thermal properties, and types of refractories, An Introduction to Ceramics and Refractories provides you with a basic knowledge of the fundamentals of refractories and ceramics, and presents a clear connection between refractory behavior and ceramic properties to the practicing engineer.

Table of Contents

PART 1 CERAMICS AND REFRACTORIES

General Aspects

Introduction

Applications of ceramics and refractories

Material selection

New developments in ceramic and refractory fields

Phase equilibria in ceramic and refractory systems

Ternary phase diagrams

Corrosion of ceramics and refractories

Failure in ceramics and refractories

Design aspects

PART 2 CERAMICS

Bonding In Ceramics

Introduction

Ionic bonding

Madelung constant

Pauling’s rules

Problems

Structures Of Ceramics

Introduction

Rocksalt structure

Zinc blende structure

Cesium chloride structure

Fluorite and antifluorite structures

Perovskite structure

Spinel structure

Ilmenite structure

Rutile structure

Alumina structure

Structure of silicates

Structure of glasses

Problems

Defects In Ceramics

Introduction

Point defects

Linear defects

Planar defects

Problems

Ceramic Microstructures

Introduction

Single phase polycrystalline ceramics

Multiphase ceramics

Problems

Production Of Ceramic Powders

Introduction

Raw materials

Powder preparation

Preconsolidation

Batch determination

Problems

Forming Processes

Pressing

Casting

Plastic forming

Green machining

Problems

Thermal Treatment

Introduction

Calcining

Sintering

Glazing

Problems

Mechanical Properties

Introduction

Tensile and compressive strengths

Creep

Fracture

Toughening mechanisms

Problems

Thermal And Thermo-mechanical Properties

Introduction

Thermal properties

Thermo-mechanical properties

Problems

PART 3 – REFRACTORIES

Classification

Introduction

Acid refractories

Basic refractories

Neutral refractories

Monolithic refractories

Refractory Thermodynamic Principles

Solid-solid contact

Solid-liquid contact

Solid-gas contact

Properties and testing

Introduction

Refractoriness

Hot strength

Thermal shock resistance

Resistance to chemical attack

Cold crushing strength

Thermal conductivity

Production

Introduction

Blending

Mixing

Moulding

Unshaped refractories

Drying

Silica

Manufacture

Characteristics

Uses

Alumina

Manufacture

Characteristics

Uses

Alumino-silicate

Manufacture

Characteristics

Uses

Chrome-magnesite

Manufacture

Characteristics

Uses

Carbon

Manufacture

Characteristics

Uses

Section I Ceramics and Refractories

General Aspects

Introduction

Applications of Ceramics and Refractories

Bibliography

Selection of Materials

Introduction

First Stage

Second Stage

A Case Study

References

Bibliography

New Developments in Ceramic and Refractory Fields

Introduction

New Developments in the Ceramic Field

New Developments in the Refractory Field

References

Phase Equilibria in Ceramic and Refractory Systems

Introduction

Unary-Phase Diagrams

Binary Systems

Ternary-Phase Diagrams

References

Bibliography

Corrosion of Ceramics and Refractories

Introduction

Corrosion of Ceramics

Corrosion of Refractories

References

Bibliography

Failure in Ceramics and Refractories

Introduction

Brittle Fracture

References

Bibliography

Design Aspects

Introduction

Design Approaches

Reference

Bibliography

Section II Ceramics

Bonding in Ceramics

Introduction

Ionic Bonding

Covalently Bonded Solids

Bibliography

Structures of Ceramics

Introduction

Oxide Structures

Structure of Silicates

Structures of Glasses

Reference

Bibliography

Defects in Ceramics

Introduction

Point Defects

Point Defects and Their Notation

Linear Defects

Planar Defects

Ceramic Microstructures

Introduction

Characteristics of Microstructure

Quantitative Analysis

Triaxial Whiteware Compositions

Changes during Firing

Refractories

Bibliography

Production of Ceramic Powders

Introduction

Raw Materials

Powder Production

Powder Characterization

Batch Determination

Bibliography

Forming Processes

Introduction

Pressing

Plastic Forming

Green Machining

Bibliography

Thermal Treatment

Introduction

Calcination

Sintering

Glazing

Bibliography

Mechanical Properties

Introduction

Tensile and Compressive Strengths

Creep

Fracture

Toughening Mechanisms

References

Bibliography

Thermal and Thermo-Mechanical Properties

Introduction

Thermal Properties

Thermo-Mechanical Properties

References

Bibliography

Section III Refractories

Classification

Introduction

Acid Refractories

Basic Refractories

Neutral Refractories

Bibliography

Refractory Thermodynamic Principles

Introduction

Free Energy

Chemical Equilibrium

Chemical Stability

Gibbs–Duhem Relation

Interfaces

Reference

Bibliography

Properties and Testing

Introduction

Refractoriness

Hot Strength

Thermal Shock Resistance

Resistance to Chemical Attack

Cold Crushing Strength

Thermal Conductivity

References

Bibliography

Production

Introduction

Blending

Mixing

Molding

Drying

Firing

Unshaped Refractories

References

Bibliography

Silica

Bibliography

Alumina

Introduction

Manufacture

Properties

Uses

References

Bibliography

Alumino-Silicate

AlO–SiO System

Manufacture

Properties

Uses

Reference

Bibliography

Chrome-Magnesite

Introduction

Manufacture

Properties

Uses

Bibliography

Carbon

Manufacture

Characteristics

Uses

Bibliography

Insulating Refractories

Introduction

Manufacture

Characteristics

Uses

Bibliography

Appendices

Index

Insulating Refractories

Manufacture

Characteristics

Uses

APPENDICES

About the Author

Dr. A. O. Surendranathan is a professor in the Department of Metallurgical and Materials Engineering, National Institute of Technology Karnataka, India. His academic qualifications are a BSc, AMIE, ME, and a PhD. He has seven years of research and twenty-nine years of teaching experience. Dr. Surendranathan has presented and published more than 100 papers and has received numerous medals, awards, prizes, and honors. He has chaired technical sessions at conferences and has been a member or office holder in eight professional organizations. Dr. Surendranathan’s foreign assignments have included travel to Ethiopia, Australia, and the United States.

Subject Categories

BISAC Subject Codes/Headings:
TEC021000
TECHNOLOGY & ENGINEERING / Material Science
TEC023000
TECHNOLOGY & ENGINEERING / Metallurgy