Originally published in 1950. For those interested in the fundamental problems of philosophy but not familiar with its technicalities, this book introduces the main type of theory in metaphysics, not by a catalogue of philosophers’ opinions but by a continuous train of reasoning. The central theme is the problem of the relation between Mind and Matter, and in the course of the argument there are discussions of mechanistic materialism, of idealism and our knowledge of the external world, and of the arguments for the existence of God. The problems are presented lucidly but without over-simplification.
1. Introduction 2. Materialism 3. Epiphenomenalism 4. Mind and Brain 5. Berkeley’s Criticism of Materialism 6. Phenomenalism 7. Phenomenalism Examined 8. Idealism 9. The Existence of God – The Cosmological Argument 10. The Existence of God – The Argument from Design 11. Theism and the "Problem of Evil" 12. The Evidence of Religious Experience 13. Conclusions
Reissuing works originally published between 1937 and 1992, this collection of original texts addresses the philosophical realm of metaphysics, not only ontology but the philosophy of science, religion and morals. The theory of values and the theory of absolutes are the subject of more than one volume, while others take a broader spectrum and outlay the history of the philosophical arguments. The nature of objects and questions of being and identity are addressed from very different perspectives. With some volumes by very eminent thinkers, this is a great addition to any collection on philosophy.