The Parama¯rthasa¯ra, or ‘Essence of Ultimate Reality’, is a work of the Kashmirian polymath Abhinavagupta (tenth–eleventh centuries). It is a brief treatise in which the author outlines the doctrine of which he is a notable exponent, namely nondualistic S´aivism, which he designates in his works as the Trika, or ‘Triad’ of three principles: S´iva, S´akti and the embodied soul (nara).
The main interest of the Parama¯rthasa¯ra is not only that it serves as an introduction to the established doctrine of a tradition, but also advances the notion of jiv¯anmukti, ‘liberation in this life’, as its core theme. Further, it does not confine itself to an exposition of the doctrine as such but at times hints at a second sense lying beneath the evident sense, namely esoteric techniques and practices that are at the heart of the philosophical discourse. Its commentator, Yogara¯ja (eleventh century), excels in detecting and clarifying those various levels of meaning. An Introduction to Tantric Philosophy presents, along with a critically revised Sanskrit text, the first annotated English translation of both Abhinavagupta’s Parama¯rthasa¯ra and Yogara¯ja’s commentary.
This book will be of interest to Indologists, as well as to specialists and students of Religion, Tantric studies and Philosophy.
"Clearly, Sanskrit scholars and the growing coterie of serious students of Saivism will profit greatly from a close study of Bansat-Boudon’s notes and other supplemental materials; yet, this volume also will be of use to those with less than a professional commitment to the study of Saiva materials, as the clarity of the authors’ translations affords an easy access to the subject, even, perhaps especially, for those who do not read Sanskrit. Certainly, then, every college and university library worth its salt should own a copy, but I also imagine—and hope—the readership of this outstanding text will extend to a wider audience, beyond the confines of academia."
John Nemec, University of Virginia
Journal of the American Oriental Society 135.2, pages 343-345 (2015) 343
1. Introduction 2. Translation of Paramarthasara and Commentary by Yogaraja, with notes 3. Sanskrit Text 4. Glossary